Belgian False Imprints Pertaining to the Bollandist-Carmelite Quarrel and to Controversies Surrounding Jansenism (1673-90)

in Quaerendo
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Among the defenses of the antiquity of the Carmelite order that were published by Belgian Carmelites against the Jesuit authors of the Acta Sanctorum during the 1680s are found several false imprints. A close examination of typographic ornaments locates the true printers of these editions in the same cities as their authors in Antwerp, Brussels, and Louvain. These and other Belgian printers are also found to be responsible for a number of other false or outsourced imprints, many connected with contemporary theological debates touching on Jansenism. One of these editions, which has been previously misattributed, is shown to have been printed by Theodorus Lipsius in Louvain, and the documentary evidence is reviewed in the light of this new information.

Belgian False Imprints Pertaining to the Bollandist-Carmelite Quarrel and to Controversies Surrounding Jansenism (1673-90)

in Quaerendo

References

8

Daniel Papebroch S.J.Elucidatio historica actorum in controversia super origine antiquitate & historiis Sacri Ord. B. M. de Monte Carmeli inter quosdam illius et Societatis Jesu scriptores Acta Sanctorum illustrare professos (Antverpiae: apud Viduam et Heredes Henrici Thieullier1698).

14

Martin op. cit. (n. 10) p. 756.

15

See Dijstelberge op. cit. (n. 13) pp. 72-8 for the history of such efforts.

27

L. Le Clercq‘Brusselsche boekverkoopers en -binders te Brussel in de 17e eeuw’Tijdschrift voor boek- en bibliotheekwezen9 (1911) pp. 31-3 here p. 33.

31

Papebroch op. cit. (n. 8) p. 107 no. 274.

32

Alexander a Sancta Teresia O. Carm.’t Heylighdom besloten waer in wordt betoont dat de H. Kerck op doodt-sonde heeft verboden het door-gaens lesen der H. Schriftuer in de Moederlycke tael (Tot Yperen: Antonius de Backer1690); id. ’t Heyligh der Heylighen besloten waer in betoont wort dat de H. Kerck op doot-sonde en op den Kerck-ban heeft verboden de H. Misse ende den Canon der selve in de Moederlycke tale over-te-setten te drucken te lesen oft by hem te houden (ibid. 1690); cf. Villiers op. cit. (n. 22) vol. 1 col. 33 nos. 7-8. Prior commercial ties between De Backer and Van de Velde are witnessed on the title-page of Bonifacius Maes Mysticke theologie ofte Verborghen godts-gheleertheydt (Tot Yperen by Antonius de Backer 1687. Men vindt-se te koope tot Brussel by Peeter vande Velde in de Korte-Ridders-strate).

42

Cf. e.g. Pieter Mallants O. Cart.Het leven ende deughden vanden Godt-salighen Dionysius van Ryckel Cartuyser (Ghendt: Fr. d’Erckel1675) f. *4v; one of the Libellus supplex ornaments is here also prominent on the title-page.

47

Cf. Willaert op. cit. (n. 11) no. 4541. Willaert also lists a 1683 edition (no. 4428) but the sources he cites are not in agreement on this date nor have we been able to confirm the existence of such an edition.

48

L. Le Clercq art. cit. (n. 28) p. 185 n. 4. The marriage and move to Antwerp of Foppens brother of the long-time Brussels printer Franciscus I is mentioned by Papebroch in a letter to Leibniz of 21 July 1689 in G.W. Leibniz Sämtliche Schriften und Briefe Reihe 1 Fünfter Bd. (Berlin 1954) p. 463. Foppens’s entry into the Sint-Lucasgilde in the same year is noted in Rombouts and Van Lerius op. cit. (n. 44) vol. 2 p. 537.

50

See Maurice Coens‘Une lettre de Papebroch sur l’impression des “Acta” d’Avril par Michel Cnobbaert’Analecta Bollandiana86 (1968) pp. 259-70. In September 1680 Cnobbaert would complain to the Carmelite general Ferdinando Tartaglia about the lack of sales of the Speculum and about the temporary suspension of the sale of the May Acta due to the quarrel between the Carmelites and Bollandists: see Ludovico Saggi O. Carm. S. Angelo di Sicilia. Studio sulla vita devozione folklore (Roma 1962) p. 94.

54

See Papebroch op. cit. (n. 8) p. 65 nos. 148-50.

57

Papebroch op. cit. (n. 8) p. 65 no. 150 writes ‘cum satis constet impressum Antuerpiae iisdem typis quibus alii libelli P. Valentini’. It is admittedly not entirely clear in this passage whether Valentinus’s Prodromus Carmelitanus and Heroica regula are the libelli referred to but we have been unable to identify any other candidates.

59

Martin op. cit. (n. 10) p. 754.

63

Alexander a S. Theresia O. Carm.Clypeus religionis bipartitus (Coloniae Agrippinae: apud Petrum Alstorff1679); id. Praeco Marianus legis evangelicae (Coloniae Agrippinae: apud Petrum Alstorff 1681).

70

On this ornament see Anna E.C. Simoni‘Henrick van Haestens, from Leiden to Louvain via “Cologne”’Quaerendo15 (1985) pp. 187-94 here pp. 188 and 190; and Christian Coppens ‘Steadfast I hasten: the Louvain printer Henrick van Ha(e)stens’ Quaerendo 17 (1987) pp. 185-204. Coppens discusses the changing states of the monogram pp. 193 and 195 and notes its use by Masius in Jacobus Pontanus Laudatio funebris[. . .] D. Ioann. Masii illustris monasterii Parcensis Ord. Praemonstratensis abbatis(Lovanii: typis Bernardini Masii 1648) where it appears on the final page. For Haestens’s connections to the Coenesteyn family see also Delsaerdt op. cit. (n. 66) p. 378.

71

Delsaerdt op. cit. (n. 66) p. 422. See e.g. the cartouche in Macarius Havermans O. Praem. Disquisitio theologica in qua discutitur illa famosa quaestio. Quinam Dei amor requiratur et sufficiat cum Sacramento ad justificationem (Lovanii: typis Viduae Adriani de Witte 1675) p. 114.

73

Delsaerdt op. cit. (n. 66) pp. 189 and 387.

81

Ceyssens op. cit. (n. 79) p. 177. Cf. Lupus to Favoriti 28 October 1679 in Ceyssens and De Munter art. cit. (n. 79) p. 377.

82

Ceyssens op. cit. (n. 79) p. 179.

83

Ceyssens op. cit. (n. 79) p. 180. Cf. Lupus writing from Brussels to Favoriti 5 January 1680: ‘Dominus Gubernator ac Dominus Praeses sunt denuo rogati obsistere impressioni praefati operis. Nescio quis eis suggessit imprimi non posse sine Christianissimi Regis offensa quod non expedit hisce temporibus. Interim nullum est periculum. Uterque enim est verus filius Romanae Ecclesiae. Attamen praevideo ab illis iubendum ut liber scribatur impressus Coloniae vel alibi extra Belgium. Et hoc rogo non divulgari. Aemuli enim arripiunt omnes ansas’ Ceyssens and De Munter art. cit. (n. 79) p. 390. In Rome Cibo approved of the plan in his letter to Tanara of 13 January 1680: ‘Si può lasciar correre l’espediente pensato dal Padre Lupi di stampar l’opera sua in Lovanio con far la data di Colonia o di Magonza. Anzi Vostra Signoria può secondare il suo intento con dirne una parola confidente al Duca Governatore o ad altri purché si assecuri prima dover ciò esser segreto; acciocché non si dica che Vostra Signoria ne ha fatta istanza.’ Ceyssens and De Munter op. cit. (n. 52) pp. 18-19.

86

Ceyssens op. cit. (n. 79) p. 180.

88

Ceyssens op. cit. (n. 79) p. 181.

89

Ibid. pp. 182-3; cf. Ceyssens and De Munter op. cit. (n. 52) p. 288.

90

Ceyssens op. cit. (n. 79) p. 183; cf. Ceyssens and De Munter art. cit. (n. 79) p. 408.

96

Ceyssens op. cit. (n. 79) p. 197.

Figures

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    Ornament of Jan de Grieck, in La Vie de S. Charles Borromée (1684). Courtesy DePaul University Special Collections and Archives, Chicago, Illinois.
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    Ornament of Jan de Grieck, in La Vie de S. Charles Borromée (1684). Courtesy DePaul University Special Collections and Archives, Chicago, Illinois.
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    Ornament of Eugène-Henri Fricx, in Les vies des Saints Peres des deserts (1694). Courtesy DePaul University Special Collections and Archives, Chicago, Illinois.
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    Ornament of Peeter or Jacob I van de Velde, in Decor Carmeli (c.1679). Author’s copy.
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    Ornament of Theodorus Lipsius, in Sulpitii Severi Opera omnia (1680). Courtesy DePaul University Special Collections and Archives, Chicago, Illinois.
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    Ornament formerly belonging to François Erckel and Hendrick II van Dunwalt, in Histoire du Cardinal Ximenés (Veuve de Barthelemy Foppens, 1700). Courtesy The Lilly Library, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana.
  • View in gallery
    Ornament of Theodorus Lipsius formerly belonging to Henrick van Haestens and Bernardinus II Masius, in Chrètien Lupus, Appellationes (1681). Courtesy DePaul University Special Collections and Archives, Chicago, Illinois.

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