The resistance to the Holocaust from Catholic and Protestant clergymen came in myriad forms. A few clergy willingly gave up their lives, thus becoming martyrs for refusing to be judged by Nazi law, surrendering instead to divine justice. Such noble and heroic decisions in which a humble person surrenders life in defiance of a totalitarian regime opposed to Christian humanism is a subject most worthy of study. This essay focuses exclusively on stage representations of the extreme sacrifices the clergy made during the Holocaust as reflected by martyrdom in Arthur Giron’s Edith Stein and David Gooderson’s Kolbe’s Gift. The protagonists of these two plays, Edith Stein and Maximilian Kolbe, died and suffered greatly to uphold the moral position of the Church.
Courtine-Denamy 174. On 9 August1982the fortieth anniversary of Edith Stein’s death was marked by memorial services and honorary tributes on radio television and in books journals and newspapers. In Germany she has been perceived as the model for the spirit of unity among Jews and Christians; as such Germany issued a commemorative stamp in her honor in January 1983. There are schools institutes libraries streets public squares and community centers that take her name. Stein who offered to sacrifice herself Christ-like for the sake of others was beatified as a martyr by Pope John Paul II on 1 May 1987 and was canonized as Saint Teresa Benedicta of the Cross by the pope on 11 October 1998.