The development of markets and the penetration of capital into agriculture have started the agrarian transition in rural China, which is transforming smallholding, household-based agriculture into various forms of capitalistic production. This again raises in a new historical and social context the long-debated question in the agrarian transition literature: Can family farms survive the onslaught of capitalist agriculture based on wage labor and what shapes the confrontation between family farms and agro-capital? I argue that it is the local political economy—rather than some natural obstacles in agriculture to the penetration of capitalism—that shapes this confrontation and gives rise to a variety of local patterns in how family producers interact with agro-capital. Conceptually, the primary dimension in which local patterns diverge is how direct producers’ transactions with the product market are mediated. Based on this distinction, I identify three distinct local paths of agrarian transition—agribusiness-led corporate production, independent household production, and cooperative production. I use data collected from fieldwork and secondary sources to show how, in each model, characteristics of the local pattern are shaped by the local political economy.
ClappRoger A. J.PeterD. LittleMichaelWatts“The moral economy of the contract”Living under Contract: Contract Farming and Agrarian Transformation in Sub-Saharan Africa1994MadisonUniv. of Wisconsin Press7894
LuMin卢敏DengHengshan邓衡山LiJie李杰“相关利益方视角的农民组织认知分析—基于吉林省黄松甸食药用菌协会的案例”An analysis of farmers’ organizations from the perspectives of the parties involved: based on the case of the Association of Edible and Medicinal Mushrooms in Huangsongdian, Jilin中国农村经济201146573