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Milk From the Butterfly Spring: State and Enterprise in the Yunnan Dairy Industry

从蝴蝶泉来的牛奶:滇西乳品产业的发展与政企互动

In: Rural China
Author:
杜博思 Beijing Normal University, thomas_dubois@yahoo.com
北京师范大学

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Founded in 1959, the Dengchuan Milk Products Factory was both an individuated enterprise and an asset in the development of western Yunnan. This article examines the six-decade transformation of Dengchuan from state-owned industry, to officially promoted dragon head, and finally as a wholly owned subsidiary of the New Hope Group. Even as the company enjoyed greater managerial independence, it has relied on the government for materials, market access, and the development of its dairy base, a relationship that only recently reversed as the company responded to demands for capital investment and productive upscaling. Albeit on a much smaller scale, this relationship is comparable to the business groups that dominate sectoral development in strategic industries.

摘要

邓川乳品剬司的前身云南邓川乳品厂,成立于1959年。“改革开放”之后,邓川奶粉厂经历了从地方企业到个体企业的改革,随后又成为滇西乳品业开发中的地方优质资产。八十年代以来,即便剬司独立管理运营,仍然需要依赖政府来保障市场准入和原料供应,洱源县也成为保障剬司生产的奶牛饲养基地。本文考察邓川乳品剬司作为地方龙头企业经大理州政府推荐被新希望集团收购成为旗下子剬司的转型过程,进而讨论近年来滇西乳品业发展过程中,以邓川乳品剬司为代表的小规模企业,通过资本运作和扩大生产将企业培养成为堪与大型企业集团相抗衡的实力型剬司的政企互动模式。

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