Economic Consequences of Divorce in Korea

in Brill Research Perspectives in Family Law in a Global Society
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?



Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.



Help

Have Institutional Access?



Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



Connect

Still, the Korean divorce law adheres to fault-based divorce. According to the majority of Korean Supreme Court, the main reason of not admitting no-fault policy is that preconditions of systems for protecting the spouse and children after divorce financially are not yet satisfied in Korea. There have been remarkable development of divorce laws to pursue equality in property division between spouses, including re-conceptualizing pension entitlement as object of property division through Court’s rulings and legislation. As to protect child after divorce, it is noteworthy to see a belated but wise establishment of the state agency to enforce child support obligations and its soft landing. However, we still have miles to go before the divorce laws secure true equality or fairness financially upon divorce.

Economic Consequences of Divorce in Korea

in Brill Research Perspectives in Family Law in a Global Society

Sections

References

AgellAnders WeitzmanMaclean Grounds and Procedures Reviewed Economic Consequences of Divorce: The International Perspective 1992

BasedowJurgenHoptKlaus. J.ZimmermannReinhard The Max Planck Encyclopedia of European Private Law 2012 Vol. 1 Oxford

BrownRita Mae Sudden Death 1988 Bantan Book

DeuchlerMartina The Confucian Transformation of Korea A Study of Society and Ideology 1992 Harvard

FuessHerald Divorce in Japan Family Gender and the State 1600–2000 2004 Stanford, CA Stanford University Press

GlendonMary Ann The Transformation of Family Law 1989 Chicago and London Chicago University Press

GlendonMary Ann International Encyclopedia of Comparative Law 2007 Vol. IV Persons and Family, Martinus Nijhoff Publishers

GonzálezLibertadViitanenTarja K. The Effect of Divorce Laws on Divorce Rates in Europe 2006 Sheffield Economic Research Paper Series

HoffmanSaul D.DuncanGreg J. “What Are the Economic Consequences of Divorce?” Demography 1988 Vol. 25 No. 4 641 645

HolmesOliver WendellJr. The Common Law 1881

KatzSanford N. Family Law in America 2003

KatzSanford N. KatzSanford N.EekelaarJohnMacleanMavis Individual Rights and Family Relationships Cross Currents 2015

KrauseHarry D. ReimannZimmermann “Comparative Family Law: Past Traditions Battle Future Trends—and Vice Versa,” The Oxford Handbook of Comparative Law 2006 Oxford University Press

LoweNigelDouglasGillian Bromley’s Family Law 2007 Oxford Oxford University Press

LeeWhasook AtkinB. “Transformation of Korean Family Law," International Survey of Family Law 2008 2008 Jordan Publishing Limited 239 254

MalauriePhilippeFulchironHugues Droit Civil: La Famille 2011 Paris Defrénois

MontesquieuCharles Baron De NugentThomas The Spirit of the Laws 2011 Cosimo Classics (1784)

PahkInduk September Monkey 1954 New York Harper & Brothers

PahkInduk The Hour of the Tiger 1954 New York Harper & Brothers

PahkInduk The Cock Still Crows 1977 Vantage Press, Incorporated

ParkDong-Jin AtkinB. “Korean Divorce Law: Can a Spouse Guilty of Marital Misconduct Get a Divorce without the Consent of the Other Spouse?” International Survey of Family Law 2012 2012 Jordan Publishing Limited 313 335

PetersonRichard R. “A Re-Evaluation of the Economic Consequences of Divorce,” American Sociological Review 1996 Vol. 61 No. 3 528 536

VoltaireFrançois-Marie PonsAlain Dictionnaire philosophique 1994 Gallimand (1764)

WadlingtonO’Brien Family Law in Perspective 2012 New York Foundation Press

WeitzmanLenore J. The Divorce Revolution 1985 New York Free press

WeitzmanLenore J.MacleanMavis Economic Consequences of Divorce: The International Perspective 1992 New York Clarendon Press·Oxford

WeitzmanLenore J. “The Economic Consequences of Divorce Are Still Unequal: Comment on Peterson,” American Sociological Review 1996 Vol. 61 No. 3 537 538

YuneJinsu “Tradition and the Constitution in the Context of the Korean Family Law,” Journal of Korean Law 2005 Vol. 5 No. 1 194 212

YuneJinsu “The Reform of the Consensual Divorce Process and the Child Support Enforcement System in Korea,” Journal of Korean Law 2012 Vol. 11 247 261

ByunHwha-soon Ihon hu Yeoseongui Sahoegyeongjejeok Jiwibyeonhwa [Changing of Women’s Socio-economic Status after Divorce] 2006 Hangukyeoseonggaebalyeonguwon

ChangByung-In Chosŏnshidae Ihone Taehan Kyujewa Kŭ Shilsang [The Regulation and Real Facts of Divorce in Chosun Period] 1999 37 72 Minsok’akyŏn’gu [Folklore Study]

CheongJi-Won Chosŏnshidae Ihu Han’gugŭi Ihonjedoe Taehan Ilgoch’al [A Study on the Divorce System of Korea After Chosun Dynasty -Focusing Mainly on the Causes of the Divorce and Gender Equality-] 2013 Vol. 27-2 Kajokpŏbyŏn’gu [Korean Journal of Family Law] 139 172

ChoJiman Chosŏnshidaeŭi Hyŏngsabŏp-Taemyŏngnyulgwa Kukchŏn-[The Ming Code and the National Code as Criminanal Law in the Joseon Dynasty] 2007 Kyounginmunhwasa

ChungHae-eun Chosŏnhugi Ihonŭi Shilsanggwa Taemyŏngnyurŭi Chŏkyong [The Reality of Divorces in the latter half period of the Joseon dynasty, and the application of the Grand Ming Code] Chosŏnhugi Ihonŭi Shilsanggwa Taemyŏngnyurŭi Chŏkyong [History and Reality] 2010 No. 75 93 125

JungKwanghyun Han’gukkajokpŏbyŏn’gu [Korean Law of Family Relations and Successions] 1967 Seoul University Press, INC

JinKimLeeYontaek Geu Ttaen Geu Giri Wae I-ri Jobatdeongo [Why the road was so narrow then] 2009 Haenuri

KimJoo-sooKimSang-yong Ch’injoksangsokpŏp [Family Law] 2013 11 ed. Beopmunsa

KimHye-young Yeoseongui Ihongwa Bingon: Jikeobgwa Sodeukui Byeonhwareul Jungsimeuro [Women’s Divorce and Poverty: Focusing on the changes in occupations and incomes] Gajokgwa Munhwa [Family and Culture] 2008 No. 20–2 37 63

Kukyŏk Kwansŭpchosabogosŏ [Survey Report on Customs] 1992 Han’gukpŏpcheyŏn’guwŏn

KwonHee Jung Shikminji sidae hankook kagokeui byunhwa [The Change of Korean Family in the Colonial Period focusing on Divorce Case] Bikyomunhwa younku 2005 No. 11-2 35 82

ParkBok-Soon Hyŏbŭiihonjedoŭi Unyongshilt’ae Mit Kaesŏnbangan [The operation and improvement of the system for a divorce by agreement- Focused on the consideration period and counseling recommendation-] Kajokpŏbyŏn’gu [Korean Journal of Family Law] 2012 Vol. 26-1 1 24

ParkBok-Soon Ŭishikchosarŭl T’onghan P’at’anjuŭi Toip Kanŭngsŏng Mosaek [Exploration of the Possibility of Acceptance Breakdown Divorce Principle through Surveys of Perceptions] Kajokpŏbyŏn’gu [Korean Journal of Family Law] 2013 Vol. 27-1 327 339

ParkMin-SooLeeDong-JinOhJeung-Il Ihon Hu Chaesanbunharŭi Piyul Mit Ihon Wijaryoŭi Kyŏlchŏng [The Ration of Marital Division and the Amount of Divorce Pain and Suffering Damages: A Statement Analysis of Korean Courts’ Decision from 2009 to 2011] Kajokpŏbyŏn’gu [Korean Journal of Family Law] 2014 Vol. 28-1 99 132

SongHyo-JeanJunGyung-Gun Ihonshi Chaesanbunhare Kwanhan Ch’oegŭn P’allye Punsŏk [Recent Korean Court Decision on Marital Property Division on Divorce] Kajokpŏbyŏn’gu [Korean Journal of Family Law] 2014 Vol. 28-1 133 162

YuneJinsu Honin’gwa Ihonŭi Pŏpkyŏngjehak [Law and Economics of Marriage and Divorce] Pŏpkyŏngjehak Yŏn’gu[Korean Journal of Law & Economics] 2012 Vol. 9-1 35 69

YuneJinsu Chuhaech’inchokpŏp 2015 Vol. 1 Pakyŏngsa

YuneJinsu Chŏnt’ongjŏk Kajokchedowa Hŏnbŏp [Traditional family system and the Constitution] Minbŏpnon’go(iv) 2009 Pakyŏngsa 89 126

1

Dec. 29 2015Se-Gye Ilbo The man is Choi Tae-won the chairman of Korea’s No. 3 conglomerate sk Group and his wife is Roh Soh-young the daughter of former President of the Republic of Korea Roh Tae-woo. They were married in 1988 and reportedly have been separated for a long time. The man’s confessional letter was published in Se-Gye Ilbo on Dec. 26 2015.

26

Martina Deuchlersupra note 24 at 236.

31

Martina Deuchlersupra note 24 at 273.

33

See generally Chung Hae-eunsupra note 29 at 98; see also Chang Byung-In Chosŏnshidae Ihone Taehan Kyujewa Kŭ Shilsang [The Regulation and Real Facts of Divorce in Chosŏn Period] in Minsok’akyŏn’gu [Folklore Study] 28 (1999).

34

Chang Byung-insupra note 33 at 30.

41

September 20 1934Dong-a ilbo.

44

Amended by Act. No. 3051Dec. 31 1977.

45

Amended by Act. No. 4199Jan. 13 1990.

46

Amended by Act. No. 7427March 31 2005.

48

Amended by Act. No. 8720Dec. 21 2007.

70

See Jinsu Yunesupra note 49 at 249.

71

Jinsu Yune ed.supra note 38 at 331.

92

Yune Jinsu ed.supra note 38 at 473.

108

See generally Weitzmansupra note 14 323 ff. For critiques on Weitzman’s findings see Hoffman Saul & Duncan Greg supra note 16 at 641–645; see also Peterson Richard R. supra note 16 at 528–536. For Weitzman’s response to critiques see Lenore J. Weitzman supra note 16 at 528–536 supra note 16 at 537–538 supra note 14.

109

Jinsu Yune ed.supra note 38 at 371.

110

See Kim Joo-soo & Kim Sang-yongsupra note 39 at 136: see also Jin-su Yune ed. supra note 38 at 267.

132

Park Min-Soo Lee Dong-Jin Oh Joung-Ilsupra note 127 at 126.

136

Lenore J. Weitzmansupra note 14 323 ff.

140

See Supreme Court [S. Ct.] 2009Meu1458 1465May 13 2010 (S. Kor.).

144

See generally Katzsupra note 139 at 106–108.

147

See Jinsu Yunesupra note 49 at 247–261.

155

Yune commented on this risk (Jinsu Yunesupra note 49 at 255).

168

Rita Mae Brown Sudden Death (1988).

170

See Park Bok-Soon Lee Yeo-Bongsupra note 106 at 339. This empirical research shows public’s sentiments as follows: 34% of Korean people think that the time is not yet ripe for introduction of no-fault divorce; 55% are willing to accept it limitedly provided that the other spouse is protected; only 10% agree an overall introduction of no-fault divorce.

Figures

  • View in gallery
    World crude divorce rate, 1970, 1995 and 2012.

    source: oecd statistics 2015, available at http://www.oecd.org/els/family/sf3_1_marriage_and_divorce_rates.pdf

  • View in gallery
    Ratio of divorce by type.

    source: statistics korea, marriage and divorce statistics in 2014, 21 (2015).

  • View in gallery
    Portion of property division 2009–2011.

    source: park min-soo et al., ihon hu chaesanbunharŭi piyul mit ihon wijaryoŭi kyŏlchŏng [the ration of marital division and the amount of divorce pain and suffering damages: a statement analysis of korean courts’ decision from 2009 to 2011], in kajokpŏbyŏn’gu [korean journal of family law], vol. 28-1, 120 (2014).

  • View in gallery
    Amount of pain and suffering damages 2009–2011.

    source: park min-soo et al., ihon hu chaesanbunharŭi piyul mit ihon wijaryoŭi kyŏlchŏng [the ration of marital division and the amount of divorce pain and suffering damages: a statement analysis of korean courts’ decision from 2009 to 2011], in kajokpŏbyŏn’gu [korean journal of family law], vol. 28-1, 121 (2014).

  • View in gallery
    Ratio of divorce by minor child 2004–2014.

    source: statistics korea, marriage and divorce statistics in 2014, 20 (2015)

  • View in gallery
    Maintenance order to pay child support and detention order 2011–2015.6.

    source: the seoul family court (2015. 8. 19.).

  • View in gallery
    Status of child support payment.

    source: the ministry of gender and family, report of survey study on single (2013).

Index Card

Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 24 24 11
Full Text Views 6 6 6
PDF Downloads 2 2 2
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0