Transboundary Water Cooperation in Europe

A Successful Multidimensional Regime?

in Brill Research Perspectives in International Water Law
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A multidimensional legal regime for the protection and management of transboundary freshwater resources has started emerging in Europe since 2000. It is composed of international water law, the water law of the European Union, and domestic water legislation. Accordingly, qualitative and quantitative aspects regarding surface waters and groundwater are to be managed in an integrated manner to achieve “good water status” of rivers, lakes and aquifers. To this end, “international river basin management plans” provided for by the eu Water Framework Directive are developed by international river commissions for Europe’s major transboundary river basins. The article analyzes the various dimensions of the regime and attempts to answer the question of whether it has succeeded in achieving its ambitious goals.

Transboundary Water Cooperation in Europe

A Successful Multidimensional Regime?

in Brill Research Perspectives in International Water Law

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3

Birgit Vogel et al.“Part V: International Coordination,” in WRc plc ed. Comparative Study of Pressures and Measures in the Major River Basin Management Plans pp. 145–176 (2012) pp. 156 and 173.

20

Birgit Vogel et al.“Part V: International Coordination,” in WRc plc ed. Comparative Study of Pressures and Measures in the Major River Basin Management Plans pp. 145–176 (2012) p. 160.

28

Ibid. p. 158.

29

André Nollkaemper“The River Rhine: from Equal Apportionment to Ecosystem Protection,” Review of European Community & International Environmental LawVol. 5(2) pp. 152–160 (1996) p. 153.

30

Signed in Berne on 29 April 1963in force 1 May 1965 994 unts 3.

36

Signed in Bonn on 3 December 1976in force 5 July 1985 1404 unts 90.

37

Signed in Bonn on 3 December 1976in force 1 February 1979 1124 unts 375.

43

Carel H. V. de Villeneuve“Western Europe’s Artery: The Rhine,” Natural Resources JournalVol. 36(3) pp. 441–454 (1996) pp. 447–448.

53

André Nollkaemper“The River Rhine: From Equal Apportionment to Ecosystem Protection,” Review of European Community & International Environmental LawVol. 5(2) pp. 152–160 (1996) p. 155.

59

Ibid. p. 9.

65

Harald Irmer“The Implementation of the Rhine Action Programme—The German Experience,” in Malgorzata Landsberg-Uczciwek Martin Adriaanse & Rainer Enderlein eds. The International Conference on Management of Transboundary Waters in Europe—22–25 September 1997 Mrzeżyno Poland pp. 113–119 (1998).

102

Signed in Helsinki on 17 March 1992in force 6 October 1996 1936 unts 269.

260

Jürgen Lefevere“Integrating Groundwater Quantity Control into European Community Water Policy,” Review of European Community and International Environmental Law Vol. 8(3) pp. 291–300 (1999) p. 292.

264

Council Resolution of 25 February 19921992 O.J. (C 59) 2.

265

Council Resolution of 20 February 19951995 O.J. (C 49) 1.

268

Jürgen Lefevere“Integrating Groundwater Quantity Control into European Community Water Policy,” Review of European Community and International Environmental LawVolume 8(3) pp. 291–300 (1999) p. 293.

365

Götz Reichert“The European Community’s Water Framework Directive: A Regional Approach to the Protection and Management of Transboundary Freshwater Resources?,” in Laurence Boisson de Chazournes & Salman M. A. Salman eds. Water Resources and International Law pp. 429–472 (Martinus Nijhoff 2005) p. 440; Götz Reichert Der nachhaltige Schutz grenzübergreifender Gewässer in Europa—Die Entstehung eines völker- und europarechtlichen Umweltregimes (Duncker & Humblot 2005) pp. 303–304.

388

Götz Reichert“The European Community’s Water Framework Directive: A Regional Approach to the Protection and Management of Transboundary Freshwater Resources?,” in Laurence Boisson de Chazournes & Salman M. A. Salman eds. Water Resources and International Law pp. 429–472 (Martinus Nijhoff 2005) p. 441 footnote 67.

474

Birgit Vogel et al.“Part V: International Coordination,” in WRc plc ed. Comparative Study of Pressures and Measures in the Major River Basin Management Plans pp. 145–176 (2012) pp. 154–155. Supra chapter B. note 27.

475

Ibid. p. 154.

476

Ibid. p. 173.

555

Ibid. pp. 12–15.

556

Ibid. p. 2.

634

Birgit Vogel et al.“Part V: International Coordination,” in WRc plc ed. Comparative Study of Pressures and Measures in the Major River Basin Management Plans pp. 145–176 (2012) p. 169.

644

Birgit Vogel et al.“Part V: International Coordination,” in WRc plc ed. Comparative Study of Pressures and Measures in the Major River Basin Management Plans pp. 145–176 (2012).

645

Ibid. pp. 149–150.

646

Ibid. p. 160.

647

Ibid. p. 162.

649

Ibid. p. 170.

651

Birgit Vogel et al.“Part V: International Coordination,” in WRc plc ed. Comparative Study of Pressures and Measures in the Major River Basin Management Plans pp. 145–176 (2012) p. 171.

654

Birgit Vogel et al.“Part V: International Coordination,” in WRc plc ed. Comparative Study of Pressures and Measures in the Major River Basin Management Plans pp. 145–176 (2012) p. 171.

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