A Summary of French Studies on Chinese Religion

in Review of Religion and Chinese Society
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As is well known, France has always been the center of European sinology. The study of Chinese religion has always been an important part of French sinology. Scholars outside of sinology are beginning to study Chinese religion, from various disciplinary perspectives. The importance of religion for Chinese society has also been recognized in recent years. In this context, focusing on the relations between religion and society, this article attempts to offer a brief summary of French studies on Chinese religion.

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  • ——. 2004. “L’interminable leçon d’un bonze de papier: Bodhidharma comme héraut confucéen dans un roman didactique du XVIIe siècle.” In Éducation et instruction en Chine 3: aux marges de l’orthodoxie edited by DespeuxC. and Nguyen-TriC.125143. Paris: Peeters.

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  • ——. 2008. La conversion de l’orient: Un périple didactique de Bodhidharma dans un roman chinois en langue vulgaire du XVIIesiècle. Brussels: Institut Belge des Hautes Études chinoises.

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  • DutournierGuillaume. 2011. “Les ‘écoles familiales’ en Chine continentale et à Taiwan: triple regard sur un traditionalisme éducatif.” Extrême-Orient Extrême-Occident 33: 170208.

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  • DutournierGuillaume and JiZhe. 2009. “Social Experimentation and ‘Popular Confucianism.’ The Case of Lujiang Cultural Education Centre.” China Perspectives no. 2009/4: 67–81; Perspectives chinoises no. 2009/4: 7186.

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  • FaureDavid. 2007. Emperor and Ancestor: State and Lineage in South China. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.

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  • FeuchtwangStephan. 2008. “Suggestions for a Redefinition of Charisma.” In Goossaert and Ownby 2008 pp. 90105.

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  • ——. 2001. “The Invention of an Order: Collective Identity in Thirteenth-Century Quanzhen.” Journal of Chinese Religions 29: 111138.

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  • ——. 2002. “Anatomie d’un discours anticlérical: Le Shenbao, 1872–1878.” Extrême-Orient Extrême-Occident 24: 113131.

  • ——. 2003. “Le destin de la religion chinoise au 20e siècle.” Social Compass 50 (4): 429440.

  • ——. 2004. “Bureaucratic Charisma: The Zhang Heavenly Master Institution and Court Taoists in Late-Qing China.” Asia Major 3rd series 17 (2): 121159.

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  • ——. 2005. “Les fausses séparations de l’État et de la religion en Chine, 1898–2004.” In De la séparation des Églises et de l’État à l’avenir de la laïcité edited by BaubérotJ. and WieviorkaM. pp. 4958. Paris: L’Aube.

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  • ——. 2006a. “1898: The Beginning of the End for Chinese Religion?Journal of Asian Studies 65 (2): 307336.

  • ——. 2006b. “Jindai Zhongguo de guojia yu zongjiao: zongjiao zhengce yu xueshu dianfan” 近代中國的國家與宗教: 宗教政策與學術典範. Zhongyang Yanjiuyuan Jindaishi Yanjiusuo Jikan 中央研究院近代史研究所集刊 54: 169209.

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  • ——. 2007a. “Les mutations de la religion confucianiste (1898–1937).” In Le nouvel âge de Confucius: Modern Confucianism in China and South Korea edited by Blanchon and R.-R. Park-Barjot pp. 163172. Paris: PUPS.

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  • —— 2007b. “L’invention des ‘religions’ en Chine moderne.” In La pensée en Chine aujourd’hui edited by ChengA. pp. 185213. Paris: Gallimard.

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  • ——. 2008. “Mapping Charisma among Chinese Religious Specialists.” In Goossaert and Ownby 2008 pp. 1228.

  • ——. 2010a. “Bureaucratie, taxation et justice. Taoïsme et construction de l’État au Jiangnan (Chine), XVIIe–XIXe siècle.” Annales: Histoire sciences sociales 4: 9991027.

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  • ——. 2010b. “Laïcité et invention de la ‘religion’. Les Associations religieuses nationales chinoises créées en 1912.” In La modernité contre la religion? Pour une nouvelle approche de la religion edited by LagréeJ. and PortierP. pp. 205222. Rennes: Presses Universitaires de Rennes.

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  • ——. 2010c. “Qingdai Jiangnan diqu de chenghuangmiao, Zhang tianshi ji daojiao guanliao tixi” 清代江南地區的城隍廟、張天師及道教官僚體系. Qingshi yanjiu 清史研究 2010/1: 111.

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  • ——. 2011. “The Heavenly Master, Canonization, and the Daoist Construction of Local Religion in Late Imperial Jiangnan.” Cahiers d’Extrême-Asie 20: 229245.

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  • GoossaertVincent and FangLing. 2008. “Les réformes funéraires et la politique religieuse de l’État chinois, 1900–2008.” Archives de Sciences Sociales des Religions 144: 5173.

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  • GoossaertVincent and OwnbyDavid eds. 2008. “Mapping Charisma in Chinese Religion.” Special issue. Nova Religio: The Journal of Alternative and Emergent Religions 12 (2).

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  • GoossaertVincent and PalmerDavid A.. 2011. The Religious Question in Modern China. Chicago: University of Chicago Press 2011. (French translation: La question religieuse en Chine. Paris: Éditions CNRS 2012.)

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  • GranetMarcel. (1919) 1982. Fêtes et chansons anciennes de la Chine. Paris: Albin Michel.

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  • GrosStéphane. 2007. “The Missing Share. The Ritual Language of Sharing as a ‘Total Social Fact’ in the Eastern Himalayas.” In Social Dynamics in the Highlands of Southeast Asia: Reconsidering “Political Systems of Highland Burma” by E. R. Leach edited by SadanM. and RobinneF. pp. 257282. Leiden: Brill.

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  • ——. 2010. Review of “Comme le sel je suis le cours de l’eau”: Le chamanisme à écriture des Yi du Yunnan (Chine) by Aurélie Névot. China Perspectives no. 2010/2. http://chinaperspectives.revues.org/5288 (accessed 31 January 2014).

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  • ——. 2012. La part manquante: échanges et pouvoirs chez les Drung du Yunnan (Chine). Nanterre: Société d’Ethnologie.

  • HerrouAdeline. 2005. La vie entre soi: Les moines taoïstes aujourd’hui en Chine. Nanterre: Société d’Ethnologie. (English translation: A World of Their Own: Daoist Monks and Their Community in Contemporary China translated by L. Kohn Dunedin. St. Petersburg, FL: Three Pines Press2013.)

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  • JiZhe. 2004. “Buddhism and the State: The New Relationship.” China Perspectives no. 55: 2–12; Perspectives chinoises no. 84: 210.

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  • ——. 2005. “Confucius, les libéraux et le Parti. Le renouveau du confucianisme politique.” La vie des idées May 2005: 920.

  • ——. 2007. “Mémoire reconstituée: les stratégies mnémoniques dans la reconstruction d’un monastère bouddhique.” Cahiers internationaux de sociologie 122: 145164.

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  • ——. 2008a. “Expectation, Affection and Responsibility: The Charismatic Journey of a New Buddhist Group in Taiwan.” In Goossaert and Ownby 2008 pp. 4868.

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  • ——. 2008b. “Secularization as Religious Restructuring: Statist Institutionalization of Chinese Buddhism and Its Paradoxes.” In Chinese Religiosities: Afflictions of Modernity and State Formation edited by YangM. M. pp. 233260. Berkeley: University of California Press.

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  • ——. 2008c. “Tianxia, retour en force d’un concept oublié. Portrait des nouveaux penseurs confucianistes.” La vie des idées 2008. http://laviedesidees.fr/Tianxia-retour-en-force-d-un.html (accessed 31 January 2014).

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  • ——. 2011a. “Buddhism in the Reform-Era China: A Secularised Revival?” In Religion in Contemporary China: Revitalization and Innovation edited by ChauA. Y. pp. 3252. London: Routledge.

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  • ——. 2011b. “Le jiao recomposé. L’éducation entre religion et politique dans la modernité chinoise.” In “Religion éducation et politique en Chine moderne” edited by Zhe Ji. Special issue. Extrême-Orient Extrême-Occident 33: 534.

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  • ——. 2011c. “Lun gongmin zongjiao” 論剬民宗教. Shehuixue yanjiu 社會學研究 no. 2011/1: 118132.

  • ——. 2011d. “Religion, éducation et politique en Chine moderne” edited by Zhe Ji. Special issue. Extrême-Orient Extrême-Occident 33.

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  • ——. 2011e. “Religion, jeunesse et modernité: Le camp d’été, nouvelle pratique rituelle du bouddhisme chinois.” Social Compass 58 (4): 525539.

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  • ——. 2012. Review of Vincent Goossaert and David A. Palmer, The Religious Question in Modern China. In Renwen zongjiao yanjiu 人文宗教研究 edited by SilongLi vol. 2 pp. 323332. Beijing: Zongjiao wenhua chubanshe.

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  • ——. 2013a. “Chinese Buddhism as a Social Force: Reality and Potential of Thirty Years of Revival.” Chinese Sociological Review 45 (2): 826.

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  • ——. 2013b. “Return to Durkheim: Civil Religion and the Moral Reconstruction of China.” In Durkheim in Disciplinary Dialogue: A Centenary Celebration of “The Elementary Forms of Religious Life” edited by HausnerS. L. pp. 4766. Oxford: Berghahn Books.

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  • ——. 1995b. Review of Taoist Ritual and Popular Cults of Southeast China, by Kenneth Dean. Bulletin de l’École française d’Extrême-Orient 82: 446447.

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  • ——. 2002. “Of Gods and Ancestors: The Ten-village Rotation of Pingyuan shan.” Minsu quyi (Journal of Chinese Ritual Theatre and Folklore) no. 137: 61139.

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  • ——. 2010. China: A Religious State. Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press.

  • ——. 2011. “Gods and Ancestors: Cases of Crossover.” In Essays on Chinese Local Religious Rituals edited by Tam Wai Lun pp. 371410. Hong Kong: Centre for the Study of Religion and Chinese Society Chung Chi College CUHK.

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  • MentecLe Katiana. 2006. “The Three Gorges Dam Project—Religious Practices and Heritage Conservation. A Study of Cultural Remains and Local Popular Religion in the Xian of Yunyang (Municipality of Chongqing).” China Perspectives no. 65: 2–12; Perspectives chinoises no. 94: 2–12; China Heute 25 (4–5): 154163.

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  • ——. 2011. Vivre le bouleversement des Trois Gorges: Étude ethnologique des outils d’interprétation et des processus de résilience. PhD diss. University of Paris West, Nanterre.

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  • ——. 2013. Versets chamaniques: Le Livre du Sacrifice à la Terre (textes rituels de Chine). Nanterre: Société d’Ethnologie.

  • PalmerDavid A. 2005. La fièvre du qigong: Guérison religion et politique en Chine 1949–1999. Paris: Éditions EHESS.

  • ——. 2006. Review of La vie entre soi: Les moines taoïstes aujourd’hui en Chine by Adeline Herrou. China Perspectives no. 63. http://chinaperspectives.revues.org/580 (accessed 31 January 2014).

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  • ——. 2007. Qigong Fever: Body Science and Utopia in China. New York: Columbia University Press.

  • ——. 2008. “Embodying Utopia: Charisma in the Post-Mao Qigong Craze.” In Goossaert and Ownby 2008 pp. 6989.

  • ——. 2009. “China’s Religious Danwei: Institutionalising Religion in the People’s Republic.China Perspectives no. 2009/4: 17–30; Perspectives chinoises no. 2009/4: 1933.

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  • PalmerDavid A. and LiuXun eds. 2012. Daoism in the Twentieth Century: Between Eternity and Modernity. Berkeley: University of California Press.

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  • PanJunliang. 2013. “À la recherche de l’unité: Religion, société et politique du haut moyen-âge chinois au prisme du phénomène de la possession.” PhD diss. École Pratique des Hautes ÉtudesParis.

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  • RemoivilleJulie. 2013. “Le renouveau religieux en Chine urbaine contemporaine: Le rôle social de la religion dans la vie quotidienne à Hangzhou.” PhD diss. École Pratique des Hautes ÉtudesParis.

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  • ——. 1982. Le corps taoïste: Corps physique, corps social. Paris: Fayard. (English translation: The Taoist Body translated by K. C. Duval Berkeley: University of California Press 1993.)

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  • ——. 1985. “Vernacular and Classical Ritual in Taoism.” The Journal of Asian Studies 45 (1): 2157.

  • ——. 1986. “Taoist Ritual and Local Cults of the T’ang Dynasty.” In Tantric and Taoist Studies edited by StrickmannM. vol. 3 pp. 812834. Brussells: Institut Belge des Hautes Études chinoises.

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  • ——. 1989. “Mu-lien Plays in Taoist Liturgical Context.” In Ritual Opera Operatic Ritual edited by D. Johnson pp. 126–154. Publications of the Chinese Popular Culture Project 1. Berkeley: University of California.

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  • ——. 1990. “The Cult of Pao-sheng ta-ti and Its Spreading to Taiwan: A Case Study of Fen-hsiang.” In Development and Decline in Fukien Province in the Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries edited by VermeerE. pp. 397416. Leiden: Brill.

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  • ——. 1992. “Jiu Beijing de zongjiao xingshi jiegou” 舊北京的宗教行事結構. Zhongguo daojiao 中國道教 no. 1992/4: 8 2933.

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  • ——. 1997. “Structures liturgiques et société civile à Pékin.” Sanjiao wenxian 三教文獻 (Matériaux pour l’Étude de la Religion Chinoise) 1: 923.

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  • StrickmannMichel. 1982. “The Tao among the Yao: Taoism and the Sinification of South China.” In Rekishi ni okeru minshô to bunka 歷史における民眾と文化 pp. 2230. Tokyo: Hirakawa.

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  • ThoravalJoël. 1991. “Religion ethnique, religion lignagère. Sur la tentative d’‘islamisation’ d’un lignage Han de Hainan.” Études chinoises 10 (1–2): 975.

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  • ——. 2007. “Le Destin du Religieux dans la pensée néo-confucéenne contemporaine.” In Le nouvel âge de Confucius: Modern Confucianism in China and South Korea edited by Blanchon and R.-R. Park-Barjot pp. 247252. Paris: pups.

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