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The Politics of Cross Demolition

A Religio-Political Analysis of the “Three Rectifications and One Demolition” Campaign in Zhejiang Province

拆十字架的政治──浙江省「三改一拆」運動的宗教─政治分析

In: Review of Religion and Chinese Society
Author:
Fuk-tsang Ying Divinity School of Chung Chi College, Chinese University of Hong Kong, yingft@cuhk.edu.hk

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From March to December 2014, various Wenzhou churches were affected by the unprecedented destruction wrought during the initial execution of the cross-demolition campaign. Subsequently, this campaign extended from Wenzhou to cities like Ningbo, Taizhou, Lishui, and Hangzhou before returning to Wenzhou in July 2015. This article centers on Wenzhou, where authorities removed at least four hundred crosses from churches. It investigates whether the reasons offered for demolishing illegal buildings justify cross demolition, examines the role of the religious factor in the overall campaign, and determines whether the Zhejiang provincial leader attempted to tackle religion-related problems under the guise of demolishing illegal buildings. This article places the cross-demolition campaign in the context of church-state relations and analyzes it from a religio-political perspective.

從2014年3月開始至2014年12月間,溫州各地教會在三改一拆推展過程中,因強拆十字架而經歷前所未有的衝擊。其後,強拆浪潮從溫州延展至寧波、台州、麗水、杭州等地,至2015年7月又回到溫州。本文以溫州作考察中心,迄今已有最少四百所教堂的十字架被拆。到底當局以拆違為理由強拆十字架的理據是否充份?「宗教」因素在整個運動中的位置如何?省領導是否藉拆除違法建築的「非宗教」名義,針對性地解決與宗教有關的問題?本文旨在將拆十字架運動置於政教關係脈絡中,從宗教-政治的角度作出分析。

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