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The Social Functionality of Multiple Religious Belonging in Modern China

現代中國多重宗教身份認同的社會功能性

In: Review of Religion and Chinese Society
Author:
Calida Chu Independent Researcher

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Abstract

Multiple religious belonging refers to the idea that individuals can belong to more than one religious tradition. This article aims to explore the concept of multiple religious belonging in modern China, focusing on its pattern as well as the social functionality that gives rise to such a pattern. The methodology is developed using structural functionalism as formulated by, in particular, Emile Durkheim, who investigated how different institutions, practices, and customs come to exist because of their contribution to the reproduction and integration of society. This article studies the social functions of multiple religious belonging in three social units, from small to large: family, community, and the state. It explains how multiple religious belonging functions in modern China and thus consolidates each member’s identity within the social units.

摘要

多重宗教身份認同意指一個人同時屬於多於一個宗教傳統。本文將研究現代中國多重宗教身份認同的概念,關注此概念的模式及該模式背後的社會功能性。本文的方法論主要採用艾彌爾·涂爾幹的結構功能主義,研究不同制度、實踐和風俗如何達到再造與整合社會的效果。本文將從三個社會單位研究多重宗教身份認同的社會功能,由小至大分別為:家庭、社群和國家。此研究有助於理解多重宗教身份認同如何在現代中國發揮作用並強化個體在社會單位中的身份認同。

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