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Buddhist Meditation and Generosity to Chinese Buddhists during the COVID-19 Pandemic

新冠病毒大流行期间中国佛教徒的禅定和布施修炼活动

In: Review of Religion and Chinese Society
Author:
曾安培 Professor Emeritus and Director, Manufacturing Institute, Arizona State University Tempe, Arizona USA

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Abstract

This article studies the practices of meditation and generosity among Chinese Buddhists in 2020 during the COVID-19 outbreak to provide insight into the interplay of religion, faith, well-being, and the pandemic more broadly, as well as to understand the specific ways in which Chinese Buddhists may draw on their faith to combat the ill effects of the pandemic. In particular, we trace the experience of Chinese Buddhists in mainland China, Taiwan, the United States, and other countries, identifying two popular Buddhist practices: meditation and generosity. We study their motivation for those practices, and the different ways Buddhist sites have sought to remain active in offering services to followers. We explore the role of faith in nurturing resiliency in the Chinese Buddhist community and conclude with specific recommendations for the prosperity of Chinese Buddhism during a pandemic and for leveraging specific tenets of the faith to reduce pandemic risks.

摘要

本文研究了中国佛教徒最近的禅定和布施修炼活动。我们研讨了中国佛教徒在 2020 年新冠病毒疫情期间的经历,以更广泛地深入了解宗教、信仰、福祉和疫情之间的相互作用,以及中国佛教徒对抗疫情带来之负面影响的具体方式。尤其,我们追溯了中国大陆、台湾、美国和其他国家的中国佛教徒的经历,指出了在疫情期间两种流行的佛教修炼活动: 禅定和布施。我们研究了他们进行这些修炼活动的动机,以及佛教寺廟在疫情期间以不同的方式保持为信徒提供宗教服务。我们探讨了信仰在培养中国佛教界的韧性方面的作用,并就疫情期间中国佛教的繁荣以及利用信仰的特定信条降低疫情风险提出了具体建议。

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