harious traditions exist as to when the Lemba came to Africa. A possible early departure from Israel (according to the Lemba) can imply that their religion could contain remnants of a very ancient type of religion, zuhich makes this group special and particularly valuable to the historian of religion or comparative religion. Uarious faiths had diverse influences on the religious convictions and life of the Lemba. In this investigation the Juxtaposition of the social and religious practices and rituals of early Israel with those of the Lemba delivered noteworthy findings. Qualitative research in numerous Lemba communities in southern Africa underlies this article. The tlaeoretical framezuork is that of Smart, a scholar in the field of comparative religion.