This essay examines the development of Black Theology in South Africa. It structures this overview of the development into two related parts and according to five evolutionary phases. After a brief general introduction, the first part discusses each of the five phases in some detail and briefly describes the kinds of groups and individuals who were involved in each phase. It is argued that these phases do not represent a smooth transition from one to the other, but that at least two extended lulls were experienced during this development. So far there has been no recovery from the latest lull, which is attributed mainly to the need for a new paradigm. In the second part the relationships that Black Theology in South Africa had with other theologies, such as American Black Theology and African Theology are discussed.