This article offers the results of research in which two theological fields cooperated in order to investigate one specific repertoire of liturgical rituals. From the perspective of both Liturgical Studies, and its focus on the functioning of ritual within its cultural context, and Old Testament Studies, and a focus on how biblical critics understand certain rituals described in the Priestly texts in the Pentateuch, ritual burning and slaughtering in an AIC was studied. Ritual Studies is beginning to play a much more prominent role in the engagement with books such as Leviticus and Numbers and also in Liturgical Studies, and this article is an example of how these two disciplines can fruitfully cooperate in the study of liturgical rituals in an AIC in South Africa.
AchenbachReinhardDie Vollendung der Tora: Studien zur Redaktionsgeschichte des Numuribuches im Kontext von Hexateuch und Pentateuch2003WiesbadenHarrassowitzBeihefte zur Zeitschrift für Altorientalische und Biblische Rechsgeschichte 3
ChupungcoAnscar“Inculturation of Worship: Forty Years of Progress and Tradition: Liturgical Institute Conference Proceedings. Paper 5 (2003)”No pages [cited 10 July 2012]. Online: http://scholar.valpo.edu/ils_papers/5.
MbayaHenry“The Socio-Practical Dimensions of Isitshisa [Burning of the Heifer] in the Corinthian Church of South Africa”HTS Teologiese Studies/ Theological Studies201167no. 2Art. #930 8 pages. doi:10.4102/hts.v67i2.930.
RobertDanaDaneelMartinusFarhadianC.“Worship among Apostles and Zionists in Southern Africa”Christian Worship Worldwide: Expanding Horizons Deepening Practices2007Grand RapidsEerdmans4370Calvin Institute of Christian Worship Liturgical Studies Series
WepenerCas“Participation and Power: Opportunities for Method and Theory in Liturgical Research from a Changing (Dutch Reformed) South African Liturgical Landscape”Jaarboek voor liturgie-onderzoek2006224966
WepenerCasSwartIgnasiusHaarGerrie terBarnardMarcel“The Role of Religious Ritual in Social Capital Formation: Theoretical and Methodological Points of Departure of a South African Exploration in Progress”Religion & Theology201017no. 1–26182
See Gerard LukkenInculturatie en de toekoms van de liturgie (Heeswijk-Dinther: Uitgeverij Abdij van Berne1994); Gerard Lukken “Inculturatie van de liturgie: theorie en praktijk” Liturgie en inculturatie (ed. J. Lamberts; Leuven: Uitgeverij Acco 1996).
See Lukken“Inculturatie van de liturgie”22. For the concept of liturgical inculturation see also amongst many others Duraiswami S. Amalorpavadass “Theological Reflections on Inculturation” Studia Liturgica 20 (1990): 36–54; Anscar Chupungco “Inculturation of Worship: Forty Years of Progress and Tradition: Liturgical Institute Conference Proceedings. Paper 5 (2003)” n.p. [cited 10 July 2012]. Online: http://scholar.valpo.edu/ils_papers/5; “Mission and Inculturation: East Asia and the Pacific” in The Oxford History of Christian Worship (ed. G. Wainwright and K. Westerfield-Tucker; Oxford: Oxford University Press 2006) 661–677; Nwaka Egbulum “Mission and Inculturation: Africa” in The Oxford History of Christian Worship (ed. G. Wainwright and K. Westerfield-Tucker; Oxford: Oxford University Press 2006) 678–695; Lutheran World Federation Chicago Statement on Worship and Culture: Baptism and Rites of Life Passage (Geneva: Lutheran World Federation 1998); Ben de Klerk “Wisselwerking tussen Liturgie en Kultuur in die Suid-Afrikaanse Konteks – Enkele Vertrekpunte” Practical Theology in South Africa 16 no. 2 (2001): 57–75; Aylward Shorter Towards a Theology of Inculturation (Maryknoll: Orbis 1998).
See in this regard Marcel Barnard“African worship in the Amsterdam business district: Liturgy in immigrant churches,” in A Moving God. Immigrant Churches in the Netherlands (ed. M. Jansen and H. Stoffels; Berlin: LIT2008) 115–137.
Mary DouglasPurity and Danger: An Analysis of Concepts of Pollution and Taboo (London: Routledge1966). This book did generate new interest in the book of Leviticus. Other more recent contributions include: Mary Douglas In the Wilderness: The Doctrine of Defilement in the Book of Numbers (Sheffield: JSOT 1993) and Mary Douglas Leviticus as Literature (Oxford: Oxford University Press 1999).
LevineNumbers 1–20460. See also Jacob Milgrom The JPS Torah Commentary: Numbers במדבר (New York: Jewish Publication Society 1990) 158 and Ludwig Schmidt Das 4. Buch Mose Numeri: Kapitel 1011–3613 (ATD 7/2; Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht 2004) 86.
Lauren A. S. MonroeJosiah’s Reform and the Dynamics of Defilement: Israelite Rites of Violence and the Making of a Biblical Text (Oxford: Oxford University Press2011) 9. She is actually discussing an earlier work of Levine here.