This article argues that religious pluralism, unlike religious plurality, is not a given fact in any society. It constitutes a process in which different religious traditions learn to interact with each other. This process runs parallel to, and in many ways shares the problems and goals of any programme of nation-building. Only where religious pluralism is beginning to emerge will different religions be able to participate actively in the building of a new society. Without relating to each other, different religions will not be able to promote the idea of togetherness and harmony.