The paper assesses the role of our hermeneutical orientations in the task of exegesis by focusing specifically on the Tri-Polar exegetical framework developed by Jonathan Draper. In conjunction with the Critical Theory of the Frankfurt School and other Marxist-influenced theory, the paper then tries to articulate more coherently what the stage of appropriation constitutes and what impact this potentially has socially. In light of the volatile political climate existing presently in South Africa, as well as rising globalisation and consumerism, the paper poses the question of whether the bible can contribute substantially to the formation of a critical social fabric within society.
Jonathan A. Draper“Old Scores and New Notes: Where and What is Contextual Exegesis in the New South Africa?” in Towards an Agenda for Contextual Theology: Essays in Honour of Albert Nolan (eds. McGlory T. Speckman and Larry T. Kaufman; Pietermaritzburg: Cluster2001) 148–168.
Draper“Old Scores and New Notes”164. In addition to this Draper had stated previously that at the stage of distantiation “exegesis should consider both the context of the text and how it came into being and the structure of the text and how it signals meaning and seeks to manipulate the reader [emphasis Draper’s]. Both of these are necessary components of distantiation: diachronic and synchronic considerations” Draper “Old Scores and New Notes” 156.
Adorno and HorkheimerDialectic of Enlightenment120–167. The notion of culture industry is also presented in an abridged version in a separate essay by Adorno. See Theodor Adorno “Culture Industry Reconsidered” (trans. A.G. Rabinbach) New German Critique 6 (1975) 12–19. Cited 28 March 2015. Online: http://www.icce.rug.nl/~soundscapes/DATABASES/SWA/Culture_industry_reconsidered.shtml. See also Marcuse’s articulation of associated concepts in Herbert Marcuse One-Dimensional Man. Studies in the Ideology of Advanced Industrial Society (Routledge Classics; Abingdon; New York N.Y.: Routledge 2002 ). Cited 28 March 2015. Online: www.marxists.org/reference/archive/marcuse/works/one-dimensional-man/index.htm.
BranniganNew Historicism and Cultural Materialism5. Althusser himself was a major proponent of the shift in Western Marxism from an emphasis on economic mode of production or what is termed ‘base’ to a greater emphasis on the ideological apparatuses perpetuated within a given economic order. Whereas for Marx the perpetuation of a capitalist mode of production was guaranteed by the reproduction of the means of (economic) production such “reproduction” entails more pointedly for Althusser the reproduction of such things as the ideological state apparatus (ISA). The shift in analysis therefore is from an emphasis on the economic base to one on the ideological modes of reproduction which then enable the maintenance of the economic hegemony. See Louis Althusser Essays on Ideology (trans. B. Brewster and G. Locke; London: Verso 1993) 22–44.
Jonathan A. Draper“The Bible as Onion, Icon and Oracle: Reception of the Printed Sacred Text in Oral and Residual-Oral South Africa,”Journal of Theology for Southern Africa112 (2002): 39–56. Likewise Gerald West surveys three examples of what we might call similar such organic re-appropriations of biblical text in reference to the life of Isaiah Shembe and the artwork of Trevor Makhoba further demonstrating the way in which the W/word continually intervenes and is re-appropriated through different cultural media Gerald O. West “(Ac)claiming the (Extra)Ordinary ‘Reader’ of the Bible” in Reading Other-wise: Socially Engaged Biblical Scholars Reading with their Local Communities (Semeia Studies 62; ed. Gerald O. West; Atlanta Ga.: Society of Biblical Literature 2007) 29–47.