Akuapem in Retrospect

Ritual Unification and State Formation

in Religion and Theology
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The intermittent conflicts within the Akuapem State are a legacy of the Akwamu wars with the people of the Hill Territory (Akuapem Ridge) in the 17th and 18th centuries. As the catalyst for the Guan-Akyem alliance and the subsequent formation of the ‘Akuapem State,’ this study examines the intricate role of the African indigenous religions in conflicts and state formation in indigenous Africa. With focus on the indigenous equivalent of the Abotakyi Accord, the ritual planting of stone(s) and salt, the study raises questions on the significance of that ritual and its embedded symbolism.

Akuapem in Retrospect

Ritual Unification and State Formation

in Religion and Theology

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References

1

Kwame A. Labi“Akanization of the Hill Guan Arts,” Research Review NS 18 no. 2 (2002): 1.

2

M.A. Kwamena-PohGovernment and Politics in the Akwapem State 1730–1850 (London: Longman1973) 34.

4

Wendy Mayer“Religious Conflicts: Definitions, Problems and Theoretical Approaches,” in Religious Conflict from Early Christianity to the Rise of Islamed. W. Mayer and B. Neil; Arbeiten zur Kirchengeschichte 121 (Berlin: De Gruyter2013) 3.

5

Mayer“Religious Conflicts” 3.

6

Irene Odotei“Chieftaincy Politics in Ghana,” in Indigenous Political Structures and Governance in Africaed. Olufemi Vaughan (Ibadan: Sefex2003) 325.

7

Labi“Akanization of the Hill Guan Arts” 6–7.

8

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10

Michael Gilbert“ ‘No Condition is Permanent’: Ethnic Construct and the use of History in Akuapem,” Africa 67 no. 4 (1997): 501–502.

13

Labi“Akanization of the Hill Guan Arts” 1.

15

Steve Tonah“Theoretical and Comparative Perspectives on Ethnicity, Conflicts and Consensus in Ghana,” in Ethnicity Conflicts and Consensus in Ghanaed. Steve Tonah (Accra: Woeli Publishing Services2007) 3–4.

16

Tonah“Theoretical and Comparative Perspectives” 3–4.

18

David BrokenshaSocial Change at Larteh Ghana (Oxford: Clarendon Press1966) 96.

19

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20

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21

John Middleton and David Tait eds.Tribes Without Rulers: Studies in African Segmentary Systems (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul1958).

23

Alexander De Juan“The Role of Intra-Religious Conflicts in Intrastate Wars,” Terrorism and Political Violence 27 no. 4 (2015): 762–780here 762; DOI: 10.1080/09546553.2013.856781.

25

Labi“Akanization of the Hill Guan Arts” 11.

26

Catherine Bell“Ritual,” in The Blackwell Companion to the Study of Religioned. Robert A. Segal (Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell2008) 397–413.

27

See Bell“Ritual” 399.

28

De Juan“The Role of Intra-Religious Conflicts” 762.

29

Ninian SmartThe World’s Religions: Old Traditions and Modern Transformations (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press1989) 17.

33

SmartThe World’s Religions17.

36

Osofo G.O. Kwapong“Sustaining the “Koforidua Accord” for the Okuapeman’s Unity,” Daily GraphicFriday 19 December 2014 52.

37

See Tonah“Theoretical and Comparative Perspectives” 4.

38

Gilbert“ ‘No Condition is Permanent’” 502–503.

40

Tonah“Theoretical and Comparative Perspectives” 3–4.

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