1 1Comparative Literature, Religion, and Film/Media Studies University of Alberta Edmonton, AB T6G 2E6, Canada, Guest Lecturer, Department of New Testament University of South Africa P O Box 392, Pretoria, 0003 Republic of South Africa
Exaggerating in the direction of truth so as to provoke historiographical thought, this article claims that formative Christianity was wholly an androcentric project. Oft-cited women-friendly texts (Luke, Galatians, Gospel of Thomas) are not exceptions to early Christian masculinised gender ideology. The article locates early Christian commitment to a piety of 'andreia' (manliness) within the similar hegemonic Graeco-Roman gender ideology. It concludes with some reflections on the effects ofa hegemonic ideology and raises questions on the possibility of emancipatory agency.