The Baltic Finnic People in the Medieval and Pre-Modern Eastern European Slave Trade

in Russian History
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Raids and the kidnapping of humans in East Europe together with a late medieval and pre-modern Black Sea slave trade are well known in the scholarly literature. This kind of slave trade also extended via the Volga to Caspia and Central Asia. Besides young male slaves, there was a market for small blond boys and girls in both regions, where they were expensive luxury items. Gangs from the Volga, at least, launched raids towards the north, and it is possible that the northern kidnapping raids and the transportation of prisoners from the northern forests to Novgorod were also connected with the southern slave trade.

The Baltic Finnic People in the Medieval and Pre-Modern Eastern European Slave Trade

in Russian History




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Youval RotmanByzantine Slavery and the Mediterranean World (Cambridge (Mass.) – London: Harvard University Press2009) passim 47–52 Danuta Quirini-Popławska Włoski handel czarnomorskimi niewolnikami w póznym średniowieczu (Cracow: Uniwersytet Jagelloński 2002) 99 A. A. Novosel’skii Bor’ba Moskovskogo gosudarstva s Tatarami v pervoi polovine XVII veka (Moscow – Leningrad: AN SSSR 1948) 434–6 S. O. Shmidt “Russkie polonyaniki v Krymu i sistema ikh vykupa v seredine XVI v” Voprosy sotsial’no-ekonomicheskoi istorii i istochnikovedeniya perioda feodalizma v Rossii. Sbornik statei k 70-letiyu A. A. Novosel’skogo ed. N. V. Ustyugov (Moscow: AN SSSR 1961) 30–33.


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Joaquín Miret y Sans“La esclavitud en Cataluña en los ultimos tiempos de la edad media” Revue Hispanique XLI (1917): 10 12–14 23 41–43 mainly female with Moslem names Gioffré Il mercato 31–33. There are in his register (pp.185–326) 16 cases of Saracenian origin white slaves. They are between 8 and 26 years old and 14 are female slaves.


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E.g.Ustyuzhskaya letopis’ (spisok Matsievicha), PSRL 37, (Leningrad: AN SSSR1982) 6954 (1446) 6970 (1462) 6976 (1468) 6977 (1469) Ustyuzhskaya letopis’ (arkhangelogorodskii letopisec) PSRL 37 (Leningrad: AN SSSR 1982) 6963 6970 (1462) 6976 (1469)-6979 (1472) Vologodsko-Permskaya letopis’ PSRL 26 (Moscow – Leningrad: AN SSSR 1959) 6986 (1478).


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Jukka Korpela“North-Western “Others” in Medieval Rus’ian Chronicles” Uchenye Zapiski Petrozavodskogo gosudarstvennnogo Universiteta2 (93) (2008): 42–55.


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Richard HellieSlavery in Russia 1450–1725 (Chicago – London: The University of Chicago Press1982) 18–21 33–36.

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