The Baltic Finnic People in the Medieval and Pre-Modern Eastern European Slave Trade

in Russian History
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Raids and the kidnapping of humans in East Europe together with a late medieval and pre-modern Black Sea slave trade are well known in the scholarly literature. This kind of slave trade also extended via the Volga to Caspia and Central Asia. Besides young male slaves, there was a market for small blond boys and girls in both regions, where they were expensive luxury items. Gangs from the Volga, at least, launched raids towards the north, and it is possible that the northern kidnapping raids and the transportation of prisoners from the northern forests to Novgorod were also connected with the southern slave trade.

The Baltic Finnic People in the Medieval and Pre-Modern Eastern European Slave Trade

in Russian History

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References

2

Tore IversenTrelldommen – Norsk slaveri i middelalderen (Bergen: Historisk institutt, Universitetet i Bergen1994) 3 28–40 68–87 112–17 126–30 145–65 168–210 458–64.

3

Youval RotmanByzantine Slavery and the Mediterranean World (Cambridge (Mass.) – London: Harvard University Press2009) passim 47–52 Danuta Quirini-Popławska Włoski handel czarnomorskimi niewolnikami w póznym średniowieczu (Cracow: Uniwersytet Jagelloński 2002) 99 A. A. Novosel’skii Bor’ba Moskovskogo gosudarstva s Tatarami v pervoi polovine XVII veka (Moscow – Leningrad: AN SSSR 1948) 434–6 S. O. Shmidt “Russkie polonyaniki v Krymu i sistema ikh vykupa v seredine XVI v” Voprosy sotsial’no-ekonomicheskoi istorii i istochnikovedeniya perioda feodalizma v Rossii. Sbornik statei k 70-letiyu A. A. Novosel’skogo ed. N. V. Ustyugov (Moscow: AN SSSR 1961) 30–33.

4

Jukka Korpela““…and they took countless captives along” – Finnic Captives and East European Slave Trade during the Middle Ages” Slavery Ransom and Liberation in Russia and the Steppe Area 15001860 ed. Christoph Wizenrath (Ashgate (in press)).

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Arsenio P. Martinez“The Eurasian Overland and Pontic Trade in the Thirteenth and the Fourteeth Centuries with Special Reference to their Impact on the Golden Horde, the West, and Russia and to the Evidence in Archival Material and Mint Outputs” Archivum Eurasiae Mediae Aevi 16 (2008/2009): 183 Brunhilde Imhaus Le minoranze orientali a Venezia 1300–1510 (Rome: Il Veltro editrice 1997) 49–60 157 435–562 Domenico Gioffré Il mercato degli schiavi a Genova nel secolo XV. Collana storica di fonti e studi direta da Geo Pistarino 11 (Genua: Fratelli Bozzi 1971) 120 Jacques Heers Gênes au XVe siècle. Áctivité économique et problèmes sociaux. École pratique des hautes études. VIe section centre de recherches historiques. Affaires et gens d’affaires XXIV (S.E.V.P.E.N. 1961) 31 117 370–1 402–4 M. N. Berezhkov “Russkie plenniki i nevol’niki v Krymu” Trudy VI arheologicheskago s”ezda v Odesse (1884 g.)Tom II (Odessa: n.p. 1888) 356–9.

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Quirini-PopławskaWłoski handel77–106 197–223.

22

N. B. BaikovaRol’ srednei Azii v russko-indiiskikh torgovykh svyazyakh (pervaya polovina XVI – vtoraya polovina XVIII v.) (Tashkent: Izd. FAN UzSSR1964) 43 V. G. Tizengausen Pervoe russkoe posol’stovo v Herate. Zapiski vostochnago otdeleniya imperatorskago russkago arkheologicheskago obshchestva I:1 (1886): 30–31.

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BaikovaRol’ srednej Azii36–39 43–45.

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Brian J. Boeck“Identity as Commodity: Tournaments of Value in the Tatar Ransom Business” Russian History – Histoire Russe 35:3–4 (2008): 259–66.

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BurtonThe Bukharans379–80.

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Joaquín Miret y Sans“La esclavitud en Cataluña en los ultimos tiempos de la edad media” Revue Hispanique XLI (1917): 10 12–14 23 41–43 mainly female with Moslem names Gioffré Il mercato 31–33. There are in his register (pp.185–326) 16 cases of Saracenian origin white slaves. They are between 8 and 26 years old and 14 are female slaves.

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 Cf. below p. 000 BurtonThe Bukharans60–61 469–70.

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E.g.Ustyuzhskaya letopis’ (spisok Matsievicha), PSRL 37, (Leningrad: AN SSSR1982) 6954 (1446) 6970 (1462) 6976 (1468) 6977 (1469) Ustyuzhskaya letopis’ (arkhangelogorodskii letopisec) PSRL 37 (Leningrad: AN SSSR 1982) 6963 6970 (1462) 6976 (1469)-6979 (1472) Vologodsko-Permskaya letopis’ PSRL 26 (Moscow – Leningrad: AN SSSR 1959) 6986 (1478).

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Anatoli N. Kirpichnikov“Velikii Volzhkii put’: Gosudarstva, glavnye partnery, torgovye marshruty”Skandinavskie chteniya3 (2002): 7–19Korpela Viipurin 38–39.

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KorpelaThe World143–50.

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Jukka Korpela“North-Western “Others” in Medieval Rus’ian Chronicles” Uchenye Zapiski Petrozavodskogo gosudarstvennnogo Universiteta2 (93) (2008): 42–55.

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KorpelaThe World195–201 281–3 269–71.

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Richard HellieSlavery in Russia 1450–1725 (Chicago – London: The University of Chicago Press1982) 18–21 33–36.

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