A re-examination of Ivan IV’s donations to support his aunt Evfrosin’ia Staritskaia’s household (obikhod) and convent after he forced her to take religious vows in 1563 sheds new light on both the Russian elite diet and commemoration practices in the second half of the 16th century.
See V. G. Putsko“Ikona Bogomateri Odigitrii iz Goritskogo monastyria,”Kirillov: Kraevedcheskii al’manakh6 (Vologda : Legiia 2005) 219–37 [http://booksite.ru/fulltext/6ki/ril/ov/7.htm#17 (accessed 21 July 2009)]; A. G. Mel’nik “Ikona Leontiia Rostovskogo iz Voskresenskogo Goritskogo monastyria” Kirillov: Kraevedcheskii al’manakh 4 (Vologda 2001) 212–18 [http://booksite.ru/fulltext/kir/il/ov/fore/7.htm#18 (accessed 21 July 2009)]; Ikony Kirillo-Belozerskogo muzeia-zapovednika Nos. 90 and 91 (probably the dedicatory icon from the winter Odigitriia church).
Pearson“Nutrition”15; Jeffrey L. Singman and Will McLean Daily Life in Chaucer’s England (Westport ct: Greenwood Press 1995) 159–60. Or by another calculation it was above subsistence level: “125 two-pound loaves the minimum basic sustenance for one man for a couple of months”; ffiona Swabey “The Household of Alice de Bryene 1412–13” in Food and Eating in Medieval Europe ed. Martha Carlin and Joel T. Rosenthal (London and Rio Grande: The Hambledon Press 1998) 142.
Andrei Alekseevich BulychevMezhdu sviatymi i demonami: Zametki o posmertnoi sud’be opal’nykh tsaria Ivana Groznogo (Moscow: Znak2005) 11 34–35 175; see also the review by Sergei Bogatyrev in Kritika 10 no. 2 (2009): 360.
Skrynnikov“Synodicon”48. For Skrynnikov’s reconstruction of the list of the disgraced see “Sinodik opal’nykh tsaria Ivana Groznogo (7091 goda) (Rekonstruktsiia teksta)” in Tsarstvo terrora 529–45. In Skrynnikov’s view the lists of persons executed between 1567 and 1570 “are inseparably linked to one another since the judicial ‘cases’ from this period were part of a single political trial the ‘case’ concerning the Staritskiis’ treason which lasted from 1567 to 1570. … the main part of the synodicon (around 3000 executed out of an overall figure of approximately 3300 persons) covers a clearly delineated chronological period when the entire political struggle in the Russian state was concentrated on the judicial case of Staritskii’s ‘treason’”; “Synodicon” 58.
See Gail Lenhoff“Divine Patronage and Dynasty: Notes on a 1568 Gospel Cover,” in Novye napravleniia i rezul’taty v mezhdunarodnykh issledovaniiakh po rusistike (Budapest: Magyar Ruszisztikai Intézet2005) 52–60.