Smashing initial hopes for more radical and speedier changes in Russia, elements of the Soviet system of managerial and ideological control proved to be obstinately persistent. Certain practices reminiscent of the informal functioning of the Soviet nomenklatura continue unabated primarily in politics, but also in Russian media. This article argues that nomenklatura practices are still a fixed part in organization management in Russian media today, securing the loyalty of journalists and controlling the output of the news media. The analysis of 30 semi-structured interviews and three case studies, scrutinizing media managers’ professional biographies, directs to a non-intuitive development; namely, that it is not necessarily those who have experienced the Soviet nomenklatura closely and in person who were most active in applying and perpetuating nomenklatura practices, but also those who were either remote from these power structures or too young.
Vasily Gatov“O sud’bakh progul’shchikov na obochine progressa”Otechestvennye zapiskino. 3 (2014) available at http://www.strana-oz.ru/2014/3/o-sudbah-progulshchikov-na-obochine-progressa accessed 29 August 2016; Anna Kachkaeva “Istoriia televideniia v Rossii: mezhdu vlast’iu svobodoi i sobstvennostiu” Istoriia novoi Rossii available at http://www.ru-90.ru/node/1316 accessed 16 August 2016.
Bohdan Harasymiw“Nomenklatura: The Soviet Communist Party’s Leadership Recruitment System”Canadian Journal of Political Science2 no. 4 (1969): 493–512; Alec Nove “Is there a Ruling Class in the ussr?” Soviet Studies 28 no. 4 (1975): 615–38; Evan Mawdsley and Stephen White The Soviet Elite from Lenin to Gorbachev: The Central Committee and its Members 1917–1991 (Oxford: Oxford University Press 2000).
See Ivan ZasourskyMedia and Power in Post-Soviet Russia (London: Routledge2003); Olessia Koltsova News Media and Power in Russia (London: Routledge 2006); Arkady Ostrovsky The Invention of Russia: The Journey from Gorbachev’s Freedom to Putin’s War (London: Atlantic Books 2015); Kristin Roth-Ey How the Soviet Union Built the Media Empire that Lost the Cultural Cold War (Ithaca & London: Cornell University Press 2011); Ellen Mickiewicz Split Signals: Television and Politics in the Soviet Union (New York: Oxford University Press 1988). Ellen Mickiewicz Changing Channels: Television and the Struggle for Power in Russia (New York: Oxford University Press 1997).
In1985out of the 21 Pravda editorial board members 4 were Politburo members 3 were candidates to the Politburo and the remaining 14 were members of the Central Committee. Raymond E. Zickel ed. Soviet Union a country study (Washington: Library of Congress 1989).
Nataliya Rostova“Kogda Gorbachev uznal o raskole v ‘Komsomolke’, on sam razyskal nas”Slon15 December 2010 available at https://slon.ru/russia/kogda_gorbachev_uznal_o_raskole_v_komsomolke_on_s-509616.xhtml accessed August 30 2016.
Nataliya Rostova“‘My boremsia, chtoby u nas vse bylo bolee-menee po-khristianski’”Slon3 August 2009 available at https://slon.ru/russia/my_boremsya_chtoby_u_nas_vse_bylo_bolee_menee_po-104096.xhtml accessed 30 August 2016.
Roman Dobrokhotov“Efir v shokolade. Kak Kreml’ dobivaetsia ’pravil’noi’ kartinki na teleekrane”Slon2 April 2012 available at http://slon.ru/russia/efir_v_shokolade_kak_kreml_dobivaetsya_pravilnoy_kartinki_na_telefidenii-771496.xhtml accessed 30 August 2016.