The Impact of International Sanctions on Russia’s Media Economy

in Russian Politics
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?



Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.



Help

Have Institutional Access?



Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



Connect

To punish Russia for the annexation of Crimea from Ukraine, the United States and the European Union introduced a set of economic sanctions against Russian state companies and individuals closely affiliated with the Kremlin. The goal of this article is to look at the sanctions in relation to the process of the current consolidation of media assets and revenues in the hands of Russia’s biggest media empires, most of whom are close to the Kremlin. It questions whether the sanctions achieved the intended goal of undermining economic stability inside Russia or if, rather, they benefitted major state-aligned media corporations.

The main conclusion drawn from the study is that the international sanctions have radically changed the structure of Russia’s media in a manner contrary to their intention. The sanctions unwittingly favored the biggest players to the detriment of the smaller, protecting state-aligned media and their financial incomes. In the climate of sanctions, media tycoons close to the Kremlin used their lobbying capacity in parliament to acquire advantages, primarily in terms of advertisement. Thus, smaller competitors were pushed out of the market and their shares were redistributed among a few major stakeholders.

The Impact of International Sanctions on Russia’s Media Economy

in Russian Politics

Sections

References

2

Daniel W. Drezner“Sanctions Sometimes Smart: Targeted Sanctions in Theory and Practice”International Studies Review 13 no. 1 (2011): 96–108.

4

Evsey Gurevich Ilya Prilepskiy“The Impact of financial sanctions on the Russian economy”Russian Journal of Economics 1 no. 4 (2015): 359–385.

8

Stephen Hutchings Vera TolzNation Ethnicity and Race on Russian television: Mediating Post-Soviet Difference (London & New York: Routledge2015): 175–246.

9

Jill Dougherty“How The Media Became One of Putin’s Most Powerful Weapons”Atlantic21 April 2015 available at http://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2015/04/how-the-media-became-putins-most-powerful-weapon/391062/ accessed 7 December 2016.

11

Benjamin GinsbergThe Captive Public: How Mass Opinion Promotes State Power (New York: Basic Books1986).

12

Christopher Coyne Peter Leeson“Read All About It! Understanding the Role of Media in Economic Development”Kyklos 57 no. 1 (2004): 21–44; Sarah Oates “The Neo-Soviet Model of the Media” Europe-Asia Studies 59 no. 8 (2007): 1279–1297.

14

Nicholas GarnhamCapitalism and Communication: Global Culture and the Economics of Information (London: Sage1990): 22.

15

Edward Herman and Noam ChomskyManufacturing Consent: The Political Economy of the Mass Media (New York: Pantheon books2002).

18

Thomas Carothers“The end of the transition paradigm”Journal of Democracy 13 no. 1 (2002): 5–21.

22

Afonso De Albuquerque“Media/politics connections: beyond political parallelism”Media Culture and Society 35 no. 6 (2013): 754.

24

Elena AndrunasSoviet Media in Transition: Structural and Economic Alternatives (Westport: Praeger1993).

25

Terhi RantanenThe Global and the National: Media and Communications in Post-­Communist Russia (Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield pub2002).

28

RantanenThe Global and the National28.

29

Ellen MickiewiczChanging channels. Television and the struggle for power in Russia (New York: Oxford University Press1997).

30

Floriana Fossato“The Russian media: From popularity to distrust”Current History 100 no. 648 (2001): 347.

31

Ellen MickiewiczTelevision Power and the Public in Russia (New York: Cambridge University Press2008).

36

Ilya Kiriya“The Culture of Subversion and Russian Media Landscape”International Journal of Communication 6 (2012): 446–466.

37

Denis VolkovNastroeniia rossiiskikh elit posle Kryma (Moscow: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace2015): available at http://carnegieendowment.org/files/CP_Volkov_web_Rus_new.pdf accessed 11 April 2016.

41

Anna Afanas’eva“Zavtra neobiazatel’no budet luchshe, chem segodnia”Kommersant6 November 2015 available at http://kommersant.ru/doc/2846529 accessed 7 December 2016.

42

Elizaveta Surnacheva“Ogranichennye Dumoi”Kommersant29 September 2014 available at http://kommersant.ru/doc/2573623 accessed 7 December 2016; “Zakon o khranenii personal’nykh dannykh rossiian. Dos’e” tass 31 August 2015 available at http://tass.ru/info/2222071 accessed 6 December 2016.

44

Yurii Politov“Pyataia Dolia”Rossiiskaia Gazeta17 October 2014 available at https://rg.ru/2014/10/17/smi.html accessed 7 December 2016.

45

Ekaterina Bryzgalova“Nemetskii izdatel’ proshchaetsia s Rossiiei”Vedomosti17 September 2015 available at https://www.vedomosti.ru/newspaper/articles/2015/09/17/609249-nemetskii-izdatel-proschaetsya-s-rossiei accessed 6 December 2016.

50

Ilya Zhegulev“Prodazha aktivnykh”Meduza25 December 2015 available at https://meduza.io/feature/2015/12/25/prodazha-aktivnyh accessed 08 March 2016.

55

Ivan Egorov“Skoro otkliuchat”Rossiiskaia gazeta10 November 2016 available at https://rg.ru/2016/11/10/mosgorsud-priznal-zakonnoj-blokirovku-linkedin.html accessed 6 December 2016.

Index Card

Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 16 16 10
Full Text Views 5 5 5
PDF Downloads 3 3 3
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0