Understandings of the Nation in Russian Public Opinion: Survey Evidence from Putin’s Russia (2001–2014)

in Russian Politics
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Drawing on surveys conducted in Russia from 2001 to 2014, this article considers citizens’ conceptions of the nation in the Putin period; whether views of the nation have been shaped by political, economic and social developments over this 15 year period; and the correlates of these national perspectives in terms of regime support and political mobilization. We find, first, that understandings of the nation are multidimensional at the mass level, and in part reflect the main nationalist discourses in Russia. Second, we describe how contextual changes over this period – political, economic and social – relate to the ways in which the nation is understood. Third, we consider how different understandings of the nation connect to political attitudes and behaviors. The findings of this research have implications for how we should analyze nationalism and its bases of support in Putin’s Russia.

Understandings of the Nation in Russian Public Opinion: Survey Evidence from Putin’s Russia (2001–2014)

in Russian Politics

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    Percentage supporting and strongly supporting the exclusive understanding of the nation

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    Percentage supporting and strongly supporting the inclusive understanding of the nation

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    International dimension: The net probability that isolationalist nationalists agreed that “European institutions have been interfering in our affairs and using our difficulties for their own advantage”

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    Prejudicial dimension: The net probability xenophobes agreed with the statement “it will be worthwhile to support a leader who could solve the main problems facing Russia today even if he overthrew democracy”

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    Net probability that isolationists and xenophobes agreed with the statement that “young people today don’t have enough respect for traditional values”

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    Net probability that isolationists and xenophobes agreed with the statement that “There is no point in voting”

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    Net probability that ethnic, isolationist and xenophobes agreed with the statement that “What this country needs is more participation by ordinary people in running the country’s affairs”

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