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Russia-Venezuela Relations (and US Interests): A Fully-Fledged and Long-Term Strategic Partnership?

In: Russian Politics
Author:
Ekaterina Kosevich Senior Research Fellow, International Laboratory on World Order Studies and the New Regionalism, HSE University Moscow Russian Federation
Professor Associate, Faculty of World Economy and International Affairs, HSE University Moscow Russian Federation

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8056-8426
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Abstract

The strengthening of cooperation between Russia and Venezuela has become one of the characteristics of the system of international relations at the beginning of the 21st century. The previously “unfamiliar” states showed a rapid rapprochement in less than two decades, rewriting the established paradigm that only Cuba could be considered as the Kremlin’s strategic partner in Latin America. Russia’s “special operation” in Ukraine, which began on February 24, 2022, unexpectedly led to rapid positive changes in US-Venezuelan relations, once again reminding the world that these countries have historically been important trade and economic partners, which will not change quickly. This raised the Kremlin’s concerns about the impending “loss” of Venezuela. The article provides an analysis of the current state of Russia-Venezuela relations, highlighting the factors that were behind every achievement of Russia in Venezuela, with the coming to power of a left-wing government that defined itself as socialist, anti-capitalist, anti-neoliberal and anti-hegemonic. Highlighting the main areas of the ongoing interaction between Caracas and Washington, the author casts doubt on the prevailing opinion in the literature that Russia has been able to form a full-fledged and long-term strategic partnership with Venezuela.

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