Over the last decades, academic interest in judicial globalization and judicial reforms has increased. The literature has gone through three distinctive waves of research. One part of this literature examines judicial reforms from a top-down perspective, revealing the origins and evolution of European/international prescriptions related to rule of law consolidation. By looking at the motivations and actions on the ground, another strand of the existing research examines the effects of these prescriptions at the domestic level. In addition, in recent years, a more reflexive and critical approach to judicial reforms has emerged, questioning not only the modest outcomes of these reforms but also the limitations of the international rule of law community in promoting them. This introductory article reviews this growing body of studies, highlighting the main findings and pointing out new avenues for research. In its final section, it provides an overview of the lines of reasoning and the content of this special issue. Overall, it endeavors to shed more light on judicial reforms in the region and to promote this research agenda, which implies to examine the complex relationship between judicial globalization, Europeanization and glocalization.
BerglingP.2006. Rule of Law on the International Agenda. International Support to Legal and Judicial Reforms in International Administration Transition and Development Co-operation (Antwerpen – Oxford: Intersentia).
CommailleJ. and DumoulinL.2012. Prendre la mesure de la judiciarisation. Un état international des savoirs et des modes de production des savoirs sur la justice Rapport final gip Mission de recherche Droit et justice - convention n° 211.02.23.20.
CommailleJ. and JobertB.1998. “Introduction. La regulation politique: l’émergence d’un nouveau regime de connaissance” in CommailleJ. and JobertB. (eds.) Les metamorphoses de la regulation politique (Paris: LGDJ).
DelpeuchT.2007. “Evaluation of Sociological Critiques of International Legal Reforms Transfers based on an Analysis of American Judicial Assistance in Bulgaria” in R. Coman and J. M. De Waele (eds.) Judicial Reforms in Central and Eastern European Countries (BrugesVanden Broele): 79–107.
DelpeuchT. and VassilevaM.2010. “Des transferts aux apprentissages: réflexions à partir des nouveaux modes de gestion de développement économique local en Bulgarie” Critique internationale3(48): 22–52.
ElbasaniA.2013. “Europeanization Travels to the Western Balkans/ Element Strategy, Domestic Obstacle and Diverging Reforms” in A. Elbasani (ed.) EuropeanIntegration and Transformation in the Western Balkans. Europeanization or Business as Usual? (London and New York: Routledge): 4–21.
FebbrajoA.2010. “Legal Cultures in Transition: A System-theory Approach” in A. Febbrajo and W. Sadurski (eds.) Central and Eastern Europe After Transition. Towards a New Socio-legal Semantics (Farnham: Ashgate): 35–73.
HammerslevO. (2011) “The European Union and the United States in Eastern Europe: Two Ways of Exporting Law, Expertise and State Power” in Y. Dezalay and B. G. Garth (eds.) Bryant Lawyers and the Rule of Law in an Era of Globalization (Routledge).
KleinfeldR.2006. “Competing Definitions of the Rule of Law” in T. Carothers (ed.) Promoting the Rule of Law Abroad. In Search of Knowledge (Washington: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace): 31–73.
MendelskiM.2013. “Where Does the European Union Make a Difference. Rule of Law Development in the Western Balkans and Beyond” In A. Elbasani (ed.) European Integration and Transformation in the Western Balkans. Europeanization or Business as Usual? (London and New York: Routledge):101–118.
PhinnemoreD.2013. “The Stabilization and Association Process. A framework for European Union Enlargement?” In A. Elbasani (ed.) European Integration and Transformation in the Western Balkans. Europeanization or Business as Usual? (London and New York: Routledge): 22–35.
PřibáňJ.2010. “Constituting the Heterarchy of European Constitutionalism in the eu’s New Member States,” in A. Febbrajo and W. Sadurski (eds.) Central and Eastern Europe After Transition. Towards a New Socio-legal Semantics (Ashgate):13–35.
SikkinkK.2005. “Transnational Advocacy Networks and the Social Construction of Legal Rules” in Dezalay Y. and Garth B. G. (2005) Global Prescriptions. The Production Exportation and Importation of a new Legal Orthodoxy (Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press): 37–65.
ZambelliN.2010. “A Journey Westward: A Poststructuralist Analysis of Croatia’s Identity and the Problem of Cooperation with the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia” Europe-Asia Studies62(10): 1661–1682.