Juggling the Balance between Preventive Security and Human Rights in Europe

in Security and Human Rights
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?



Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.



Help

Have Institutional Access?



Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



Connect

Within the European Union (eu), security issues are increasingly framed as risks and threats that can be controlled by preventive measures. The eu has established several agencies, legal instruments and databases to facilitate the prevention of crime, terrorism and irregular migration. This article takes stock of the way in which the eu seeks to balance the preventive security logic with its own human rights framework. While human rights can jointly be considered an evolving normative framework in the eu, there is a need to identify which human rights are at risk and how (non-) compliance ought to be monitored.

The article states some concerns about equal access to human rights as well as the lack of a strong general oversight mechanism. Continued structural attention should be given to ex ante human-rights impact assessments and there needs to be more emphasis on regular external evaluations of human rights compliance ex post facto. In relation to the external action of the eu, the eu must practice what it preaches and needs to reflect critically on the necessity and proportionality of precautionary security measures.

Juggling the Balance between Preventive Security and Human Rights in Europe

in Security and Human Rights

Sections

References

  • BallRichardThe Legitimacy of the European Union through Legal Rationality: Free Movement of Third Country NationalsLondon and New YorkRoutledge2014.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BoinArjenEkengrenMagnus and RhinardMarkMaking Sense of Sense-Making: the eu’s Role in Collecting Analysing and Disseminating Information in Times of CrisesStockholmThe Swedish National Defence College2014.

  • BorgersM. and SliedregtE. vanThe meaning of the precautionary principle for the assessment of criminal measures in the fight against terrorism”Erasmus Law Review2(2) 2009 pp. 171195.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BradyHugoEuropol and the European Criminal Intelligence Model: A Non-State Response to Organised Crime” in Policing: A Journal of Policy and Practice2 (1) 2008 pp. 103109.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • BrouwerEvelienThe Other Side of Moon. The Schengen Information System and Human Rights: A Task for National CourtsBrusselsceps Working Document No. 288/ April 2008; https://www.ceps.eu/publications/other-side-moons-schengen-information-system-and-human-rights-task-national-courts;  retrieved  21  May 2016.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • CarreraSergio BlockmansStevenGrosDaniel and GuildElspethThe eu’s Response to the Refugee Crisis. Taking Stock and Setting Policy Priorities. Policy Essay No. 20 16 December 2015 Centre for European Policy Studies (ceps) Brussels 2015. https://www.ceps.eu/system/files/EU%20Response%20to%20the%202015%20Refugee%20Crisis_0.pdf; retrieved 13 May 2016.

  • CastellsManualThe Rise of the Network SocietyChichesterBlackwell Publishing2nd edition2010.

  • CrawfordAndrewGoverning Perceptions of Crime and (In)Security in the Age of Uncertainty” in: Aspects of Deviance Crime and Prevention in Europe Report of the Final Conference wp 8 Milton Keynes 2009 pp. 96119.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • De SchutterOlivier and RingelheimJulieEthnic Profiling: A Rising Challenge for European Rights Law” in The Modern Law Review71 (3) 2008 pp. 358384.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Den BoerMonicaHuman Rights and Police Cooperation in the European Union: Recent Developments in Accountability and OversightCahiers Politiestudies 2013 – 2 no. 27 2013 pp. 2845.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Den BoerMonicaTowards an Accountability Regime for an Emerging European Policing Governance” in Policing and Society special issue on police accountability in Europe Monica den Boer (guest editor) Vol. 12 No 42002 pp. 275289.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Den BoerMonica and Van BuurenJelleSurveillance Assemblages: Preventing Crime and Terrorism Through Data Monitoring” in BladJ.HildebrandtM.RozemondK.SchuilenburgM. and Van CalsterP. (eds.) Governing Security under the Rule of Law?The HagueEleven International Publishers2010 pp. 215231.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • EckesChristinaeu Counter Terrorist Policies and Fundamental Rights. The Case of Individual SanctionsOxfordOxford University Press2009.

  • EechaudtVincentAccess to Eurodac by Law Enforcement Authorities. An Assessment Groningen University of Groningen / ecre2011http://www.law.ugent.be/ircp/sweetlemon/sites/default/files/pdf/Eurodac___Law_Enforcement_Authorities_-_EU_JHA_-_LL.M._Thesis.pdf; retrieved 12 May 2016.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • GrangerMarie-Pierre and IrionKristinaThe Court of Justice and the Data Retention Directive in Digital Rights Ireland: Telling Off the eu Legislator and Teaching a Lesson in Privacy and Data ProtectionEuropean Law Review39 (6) 2014 pp. 835850.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • GutwirthSergeLeenesRonaldDe HertPaul (eds.) Reforming European Data Protection LawDordrechtSpringer Netherlands2015.

  • HarfieldCliveThe Organization of ‘Organized Crime Policing’ and Its International Context” Research On-Line Paper University of Wollongong 2008http://ro.uow.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1184andcontext=lawpapers; retrieved 11 May 2016.

    • Export Citation
  • HellerReginaNotions of Insecurity and Security Policy within the eu: A Historical Perspective Economics of Security Working Paper No. 4 Berlin: Economics of Security2009http://www.diw.de/documents/publikationen/73/diw_01.c.94890.de/diw _econsec0004.pdf; retrieved 7 July 2016.

  • Inglesias SánchezSara “The Court and the Charter: The Impact of the Entry into Force of the Lisbon Treaty on the ecj’s Approach to Fundamental Rights” Common Market Law Review492012 pp. 15651612.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • KloppenburgS.OK to Board? Selective Immobilization and Pre-Emption in an Anti-Drug Smuggling Mobilities Regime” Chapter 4 in S. Kloppenburg Tracing Mobilities Regimes: (…)AmsterdamAmsterdam Institute for Social Science Research2013; http://dare.uva.nl/document/2/119056; retrieved 7 July 2016.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • MurphyCian C.eu Counter-Terrorism and Law. Pre-Emption and the Rule of LawOxford and Portland, Hart Publishing2012.

  • SaundersNatasha“Paradigm Shift or Business as Usual? An Historical Reappraisal of the “Shift” to Securitisation of Refugee Protection”, in Refugee Survey Quarterly332014 pp. 6992.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • SenSankarEnforcing Police Accountability through Civilian OversightNew DelhiSage2010.

  • ScherrerAmandineJeandesbozJulien and GuittetEmmanuel-PierreDeveloping an eu Internal Strategy Fighting Terrorism and Organized Crime Study for the libe Committee European Parliament Brussels 2011.

  • StewartEmma J.The European Union and Conflict Prevention. Policy Evaluation and Outcome Berlin lit Verlag 2005.

  • VerfaillieKristof and VanderbekenTomProactive Policing and the Assessment of Organised Crime” in Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies and Management3142007 pp. 534552.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • VerweijDesiree“Intelligente Robots en morele professionaliteit? in Kenniskamer Intelligente Robots: Feiten Fabels en Fictie Den HaagMinisterie van Veiligheid en Justitie2011 pp. 4045.

    • Export Citation
  • ZednerL.Seeking Security by Eroding Rights: The Side-Stepping of Due Process”. In GooldB.J. and LazarusL. (Eds.) Security and human rightsOxford and Portland: Oregon, Hart Publishing2007 pp. 257275.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 1

    United NationsA More Secure World: Our Shared Responsibility2004; natoActive Engagement Modern Defence. Strategic Concept for the Defence and Security of the Members of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization 2010. For instance nato argues that “The best way to manage conflicts is to prevent them from happening. nato will continually monitor and analyse the international environment to anticipate crises and where appropriate take active steps to prevent them from becoming larger conflicts” on pp. 19/20.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • 28

    Ibid p. 6.

  • 30

    Ibid p. 9.

  • 35

    2 September 2014: http://www.ombudsman.europa.eu/en/cases/decision.faces/en/ 54678 /html.bookmark; accessed 26 October 2016.

Index Card

Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 63 58 2
Full Text Views 215 215 3
PDF Downloads 25 25 3
EPUB Downloads 3 3 0