Looking North of Vienna: The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe as a Facilitator of Arctic Security

in Security and Human Rights
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Though the Arctic is known as a region of peace, military activity and militarization continue to influence it. The literature on Arctic security asserts that no international organization exists that can deal with military issues in the region. This article challenges this assertion by arguing that the osce is the perfect organization to coordinate Arctic security because of its initial purpose of facilitating nato-Russia relations in Europe, which is precisely the same relationship that requires coordination in the Arctic today. Given that all eight Arctic states are members, the osce is almost a pre-existing security organization for the Arctic. The article examines the security environment in the Arctic, the current institutional regime and the origins of the osce. Furthermore, it explores osce csbms as empirical examples of how the osce already builds military predictability in the Arctic.

Looking North of Vienna: The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe as a Facilitator of Arctic Security

in Security and Human Rights

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References

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5

Ronald G. Purver‘Arms Control in the North’National Security Series 5 no. 81 Centre for International Relations Queen’s University Kingston 1981.

8

Paal Sigurd Hilde‘Armed Forces and Security Challenges in the Arctic’ in Geopolitics and Security in the Arctic: Regional Dynamics in a Global World Routledge Abingdon 2014 pp. 158.

11

Hilde‘Armed forces and security’ pp. 155.

12

Kristian Åtland‘Interstate Relations in the Arctic: An Emerging Security Dilemma?’ in Comparative Strategy2014 no. 33 pp. 157. DOI: 10.1080/01495933.2014.897121.

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Hilde‘Armed forces and security’149.

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21

Hilde‘Armed forces and security’ pp. 160.

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25

Åtland‘Interstate Relations’ pp. 146.

26

Ibid pp. 160.

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GalbreathThe Organization for Security pp. 131.

30

Åtland‘Interstate Relations’ pp. 159.

32

Trude Pettersen‘Russian Officers Inspecting Norway’s Armed Forces’ in BarentsObserver9 April 2015. Retrieved 16 October 2015. Available at: http://barentsobserver.com/en/security/2015/04/russian-officers-inspecting-norways-armed-forces-09-04.

33

Trude Pettersen‘Exercise Cold Response in final phase’ in BarentsObserver21 March 2014. Retrieved 16 October 2015. Available at: http://barentsobserver.com/en/security/2014/03/exercise-cold-response-final-phase-21-03.

34

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35

Sveinung Berg Bentzrød‘Norge kontrollerte russisk hærstyrke – oppmykning av kaldfront’ in Aftenposten31 January 2016. Retrieved 1 February 2016. Available at: http://www.aftenposten.no/nyheter/iriks/Norge-kontrollerte-russisk-harstyrke---oppmykning-av-kaldfront-8335315.html.

37

Peter JonesOpen Skies: Transparency Confidence-Building and the End of the Cold WarStanford University PressStanford2014 pp. 14.

38

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40

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42

Zdzislaw LachowskiConfidence and Security Building Measures in the New EuropeOxford University PressOxford2004 pp. 105.

44

Ronald G. Purver‘Arctic Security: The Murmansk Initiative and its Impact’ in Current Research on Peace and Violence1988 no. 11 pp. 148.

49

Whitney P. Lackenbauer‘Polar Race or Polar Saga? Canada and the Circumpolar World’ in Arctic Security in an Age of Climate ChangeJames Kraska (ed.) pp. 218–43. Cambridge University Press New York 2011 pp. 219.

50

Sveinung Berg Bentzrød‘Sist Norge kontrollerte en russisk militær avdeling var i 2002’ in Aftenposten18 April 2015. Retrieved 1 February 2016. Available at: http://www.aftenposten.no/nyheter/iriks/Sist-Norge-kontrollerte-en-russisk-militar-avdeling-var-i-2002-7977562.html.

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