The Silent Qur’an and the Speaking Qur’an: History and Scriptures through the Study of Some Ancient Texts

in Studia Islamica
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Modarressi, Tradition and Survival, pp. 83-84.


Modarressi, ibid., p. 83. Modarressi’s dating is corroborated to some extent by Ibn al-Nadīm (al-Fihrist, ed. R. Tajaddud, reimp. Beirut, 1417/1996, p. 275) who considers the work to be the oldest Shi’i work. The existence of parts added later on to the very early original text according to the demands of each period is also underlined by P. Crone, “Mawālī and the Prophet’s Family: an Early Shīʿite View”, in M. Bernards and J. Nawas (eds.), Patronate and Patronage in Early and Classical Islam, Leiden-Boston, 2005, pp. 167-194. See also A. Hakim, “ ʿUmar b. al-Khaṭṭāb: l’autorité religieuse et morale”, Arabica 55/1 (2008), pp. 30-31 (the whole article pp. 1-34).


See al-Najāshī, vol. 2, p. 84; al-Quhpāʾī, vol. 4, p. 182; al-Ṭihrānī, vol. 4, p. 454, n° 2022.


Voir al-Najāshī, vol. 2, p. 96; al-Quhpāʾī, vol. 4, p. 162; al-Ṭihrānī, vol. 3, p. 311, n° 1151.


H. Modarressi, “Early Debates on the Integrity of the Qurʾān. A Brief Survey”, Studia Islamica 77 (1993), pp. 5-39; Kohlberg & Amir-Moezzi, Revelation and Falsification, introduction, pp. 12-23.


See A. Rippin, “Occasions of Revelation”, Encyclopaedia of the Qurʾān, vol. 3, pp. 569-573; M. Yahia, “Circonstances de la révélation” in M.A. Amir-Moezzi (dir.), Dictionnaire du Coran, Paris, 2007, pp. 168-171. See also the interesting developments of A. Radtke, Offenbarung zwischen Gesetz und Geschichte, Wiesbaden, 2003, pp. 39-58.


Tradition n° 6, p. 238.


Tradition n° 8, pp. 240-241. According to tradition, Abū Jahl is one the most famous enemies of the Prophet and of Islam.


Tradition n° 12, p. 247. Regarding this verse see P. Ballanfat and M. Yahia, “Ordalie” in Dictionnaire du Coran, pp. 618-620; regarding this notion see S. Schmucker, “Mubāhala”, EI2 (French version), vol. 7, p. 278.


Tradition n° 18, pp. 253-254.


L. Massignon, “Der gnostische Kult der Fatima im schiitischen Islam”, Eranos Jahrbuch 1938, pp. 161-173 (= Opera Minora, vol. 1, pp. 514-22); H. Halm, “Das ‘Buch der Schatten’. Die Mufaḍḍal-Tradition der ghulāt und die Ursprünge des Nuṣairiertums”, Der Islam 55 (1978), pp. 219-66 et 58 (1981), pp. 15-86; S.M. Wasserstrom, “The Moving Finger Writes: Mughīra b. Saʿīd’s Islamic Gnosis and the Myths of its Rejection”, History of Religions 25/1 (1985), pp. 62-90; D. De Smet, “Au-delà de l’apparent: les notions de ẓāhir et bāṭin dans l’ésotérisme musulman”, Orientalia Lovaniensia Periodica 25 (1994), pp. 197-220; id., La philosophie ismaélienne,op. cit.; W. Tucker, Mahdīs and Millenarians: Shiite Extremists in Early Muslim Iraq, New York, 2008.


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