In Defense of the Explanationist Response to Skepticism

in International Journal for the Study of Skepticism
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?



Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.



Help

Have Institutional Access?



Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



Connect

A promising response to the threat of external world skepticism involves arguing that our commonsense view of the world best explains the sensory experiences that we have. Since our commonsense view of the world best explains our evidence, we are justified in accepting this commonsense view of the world. Despite the plausibility of this Explanationist Response, it has recently come under attack. James Beebe has argued that only a version of the Explanationist Response that provides an a priori justification of inference to the best explanation can hope to respond to two serious objections. Additionally, he has argued that providing such an a priori justification requires an acceptable account of a priori probability and that it is unclear whether such an account can be developed. In this paper I argue that Beebe fails to provide adequate support for either of these claims.

In Defense of the Explanationist Response to Skepticism

in International Journal for the Study of Skepticism

Sections

References

Beebe J. (2009). “The Abductivist Reply to SkepticismPhilosophy and Phenomenological Research 79: 605636.

BonJour L. (1998). In Defense of Pure Reason. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

BonJour L. & Sosa E. . (2003). Epistemic Justification: Internalism vs. Externalism Foundations vs. Virtues. Malden ma: Blackwell Publishing.

Braithwaite R.B. (1953). Scientific Explanation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Carnap R. (1968). “Inductive Logic and Inductive IntuitionStudies in Logic and the Foundations of Mathematics 51: 258314.

Enoch D. & Schechter J. (2008). “How are Basic Belief-Forming Methods Justified?” Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 76: 547579.

Fine A. (1984). “The Natural Ontological Attitude.” In Leplin J. (ed.) Scientific Realism83107. Berkeley ca: University of California Press.

Goldman A. (1988). Empirical Knowledge. Berkeley ca: University of California Press.

Harman G. (1965). “The Inference to the Best ExplanationPhilosophical Review 74: 8895.

Harman G. (1973). Thought. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Harman G. (1986). Change in View. Cambridge ma: mit Press.

Hintikka J. (1998). “What Is Abduction? The Fundamental Problem of Contemporary Epistemology,” Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society: A Quarterly Journal in American Philosophy 34: 503533.

Kyburg Jr. H. (1956). “The Justification of InductionJournal of Philosophy 53: 394400.

Kyburg Jr. H. (1965). “Comments on Salmon’s ‘Inductive Evidence’American Philosophical Quarterly 2: 274276.

Lipton P. (2004). Inference to the Best Explanation2nd edition. New York: Routledge.

Locke J. (1690/1975). An Essay Concerning Human Understanding. Edited by Nidditch P.H. . Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Lycan W. (1988). Judgement and Justification. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Lycan W. (2002). “Explanation and Epistemology.” In Moser P. (ed.) The Oxford Handbook of Epistemology408433. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Lycan W. (2012). “Explanationist Rebuttals (Coherentism Defended Again)Southern Journal of Philosophy 50: 520.

McCain K. (2014). Evidentialism and Epistemic Justification. New York: Routledge.

McCain K. (2016). The Nature of Scientific Knowledge: An Explanatory Approach. Dordrecht: Springer.

Minnameier G. (2004). “Peirce-Suit of Truth-Why Inference to the Best Explanation and Abduction Ought Not to Be ConfusedErkenntnis 60: 75105.

Papineau D. (1993). Philosophical Naturalism. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.

Poston T. (2014). Reason and Explanation: A Defense of Explanatory Coherentism. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Psillos S. (1996). “On Van Fraassen’s Critique of Abductive ReasoningPhilosophical Quarterly 46: 3147.

Psillos S. (1999). Scientific Realism: How Science Tracks Truth. New York: Routledge.

Thagard P. (1978). “The Best Explanation: Criteria for Theory ChoiceJournal of Philosophy 75: 7692.

van Cleve J. (1984). “Reliability, Justification, and the Problem of InductionMidwest Studies in Philosophy 9: 555567.

van Fraassen B. (1989). Laws and Symmetry. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Vogel J. (1990). “Cartesian Skepticism and Inference to the Best ExplanationJournal of Philosophy 87: 658666.

Vogel J. (2005). “The Refutation of Skepticism.” In Steup M. & Sosa E. (eds.) Contemporary Debates in Epistemology7284. Malden ma: Blackwell Publishing.

Vogel J. (2008). “Internalist Responses to Skepticism.” In Greco J. (ed.) The Oxford Handbook of Skepticism533556. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

White R. (2005). “Explanation as a Guide to InductionPhilosopher’s Imprint 5: 129.

Information

Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 40 40 19
Full Text Views 78 78 66
PDF Downloads 3 3 1
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0