Until recently, the field of criminology has largely ignored the suffering and abuse of non-human animals in the variety of forms in which it occurs. In order to address one aspect of this suffering, this article explores the non-human animal abuse inherent in the trade of wildlife. To demonstrate both the individual harm to non-human animals and the institutionalized abuse in this market, the fur and falcon trades will be detailed. First, since non-human animal abuse and harm have been largely invisible to the criminological community, this article sets out one justification for the adoption of a harm-based discourse. The result is examination of the these two forms of wildlife trade from an animal rights and species justice perspective of harm that is now one of the three broad conceptions of justice in the rapidly growing field of green criminology.
BeirneP.BeirneP.SouthN.Animal rights, animal abuse and green criminologyIssues in green criminology: Confronting harms against environments humanity and other animals2007Devon, United KingdomWillan5586
DruryR. C.Identifying and understanding consumers of wild animal products in Hanoi Vietnam: Implication for conservation management2009(Unpublished doctoral dissertation). University College London London United Kingdom
European UnionAgreement on the International Humane Trapping Standards between the European Community, Canada and the Russian Federation1998Retrieved June 4 2006 from http://europa.eu.int/eur-lex/pri/en/oj/dat/1998/l_042/l_04219980214en00430057.pdf
LynchM.StreteskyP.BeirneP.SouthN.Green criminology in the United StatesIssues in green criminology: Confronting harms against environments humanity and other animals2007Devon, United KingdomWillan Publishing248269
SouthN.WhiteR.The ecocidal tendencies of late modernity: transnational crime, social exclusion, victims and rightsGlobal environmental harm: Criminological perspectives2010Devon, United KingdomWillan228248