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Shepherd’s Enemy or Aşina, Böri, Börte Činō, and Bozkurt?

Wolf as Menace, Wolf as Mythical

In: Society & Animals
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  • 1 Islamic and Middle East History, Department of History, University of Guelphrworring@uoguelph.ca
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Wolves have been a constant in human consciousness, whether they are considered supernatural beings, nurturers and guides for humankind, or powerful or malevolent predators. Attitudes toward wolves in Western Christian societies have been overwhelmingly negative due to perceptions of wolves as preying upon souls and flocks. Pre-modern Turco-Mongolian views of wolves were generally positive, as she-wolves, ancestral deities, or guides for nomadic warriors, even after conversion to Islam. This Turco-Mongolian perspective allows the wolves some protection against human aggression in Turkic and Mongolian regions in the present.

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