Shepherd’s Enemy or Aşina, Böri, Börte Činō, and Bozkurt?

Wolf as Menace, Wolf as Mythical

In: Society & Animals
View More View Less
  • 1 Islamic and Middle East History, Department of History, University of
Download Citation Get Permissions

Access options

Get access to the full article by using one of the access options below.

Institutional Login

Log in with Open Athens, Shibboleth, or your institutional credentials

Login via Institution


Buy instant access (PDF download and unlimited online access):


Wolves have been a constant in human consciousness, whether they are considered supernatural beings, nurturers and guides for humankind, or powerful or malevolent predators. Attitudes toward wolves in Western Christian societies have been overwhelmingly negative due to perceptions of wolves as preying upon souls and flocks. Pre-modern Turco-Mongolian views of wolves were generally positive, as she-wolves, ancestral deities, or guides for nomadic warriors, even after conversion to Islam. This Turco-Mongolian perspective allows the wolves some protection against human aggression in Turkic and Mongolian regions in the present.

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 307 116 9
Full Text Views 162 6 0
PDF Views & Downloads 20 5 0