Effects of Support Dogs on Eyewitness Anxiety during Questioning

in Society & Animals
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?



Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.



Help

Have Institutional Access?



Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



Connect

Being an eyewitness to a crime can be a traumatic event, especially if the eyewitness is the victim. In addition, following the crime the witness is susceptible to being distressed further during questioning. The current research examined the effects a trained support dog would have on mock witnesses’ anxiety (as measured by heartrate) during questioning. Participants observed a video and answered questions from an actual uniformed police officer, similar to a normal eyewitness interview. During the interview, participants were either presented with a support dog or a glass of water (control). Results indicated that while the uniformed officer increased participants’ anxiety significantly, the support dog successfully decreased anxiety almost to the point of baseline, and significantly more than the control condition. Implications and real-world application are discussed.

Effects of Support Dogs on Eyewitness Anxiety during Questioning

in Society & Animals

Sections

References

AllenK. M.BlascovichJ.TomakaJ.KelseyR. M., 'Presence of human friends and pet dogs as moderators of autonomic responses to stress in women' (1991) 61(4) Journal of Personality and Social Psychology: 582-589.

BakerB. S.WolenA. R., 'The benefits of human-companion animal interaction: A review' (2008) 35(4) Journal of Veterinary Medical Education: 487-495.

BarkerS. B.DawsonK. S., 'The effects of animal-assisted therapy on anxiety ratings of hospitalized psychiatric patients' (1998) 49(6) Psychiatric Services: 797-801.

BaunM. M.BergstromN.LangstonN.ThomasL., 'Physiological effects of human/companion animal bonding' (1984) 33(3) Nursing Research: 126-129.

BeckA. M.KatcherA. H., 'A new look at pet-facilitated therapy' (1984) 184(4) Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association: 414-421.

BeckA. M.MeyersN. M., 'Health enhancement and companion animal ownership' (1996) 17 Annual Review of Public Health: 247-257.

BowersS., 'The use of ‘Therapy Dogs’ in Indiana courtrooms: Why a dog might not be a defendant’s best friend' (2013) 46(4) Indiana Law Review: 1289-1315.

BriereJ., 'Methodological issues in the study of sexual abuse effects' (1992) 60(2) Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology: 196-203.

BullR., 'The investigative interviewing of children and other vulnerable witnesses: Psychological research and working/professional practice' (2010) 15(1) Legal and Criminological Psychology: 5-23.

CampoR. A.UchinoB. N., 'Humans’ bonding with their companion dogs: Cardiovascular benefits during and after stress' (2013) 40(4) Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare: 237-259.

ChurchillM S.McCabeB. W.BaunM. M., 'Using a therapy dog to alleviate the agitation and desocialization of people with Alzheimer’s disease' (1999) 37(4) Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services: 16-22.

ColomboG.BuonoM. D.SmaniaK.RaviolaR.De LeoD., 'Pet therapy and institutionalized elderly: A study on 144 cognitively unimpaired subjects' (2006) 42(2) Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics: 207-216.

The Courthouse Dogs Child Witness Support Act2015Arkansas Code § 16-43-10

Courthouse dogs: Promoting justice with compassion2012Retrieved from http://www.courthousedogs.com.

CraigF. W.LynchJ. J.QuartnerJ. L., 'The perception of available social support is related to reduced cardiovascular reactivity in phase ii cardiac rehabilitation patients' (2000) 35 Integrative Physiological and Behavioral Science: 272-283.

Crowley-RobinsonP.FenwickD. C.BlackshawJ. K., 'A long-term study of elderly people in nursing homes with visiting and resident dogs' (1996) 47(1-2) Applied Animal Behavior Science: 137-148.

DellingerM., 'Using dogs for emotional support of testifying victims of crime' (2008) 15(2) Animal Law Review: 171-192.

DeMelloL. R., 'The effect of the presence of a companion-animal on physiological changes following the termination of cognitive stressors' (1999) 14(5) Psychology and Health: 859-868.

DominiqueJ. F.de QuervainD. J.RoozendaalB.McGaughJ. L., 'Stress and glucocorticoids impair retrieval of long-term spatial memory' (1998) 394(6694) Nature: 787-790.

FolseE. B.MinderC. C.AycockM. J.SantanaR. T., 'Animal-assisted therapy and depression in adult college students' (1991) 7(3) Anthrozoos: 188-194.

FriedmannE.LockwoodR., 'Perception of animals and cardiovascular responses during verbalization with an animal present' (1993) 6(2) Anthrozoos: 115-134.

FriedmannE.KatcherA. H.ThomasS. A.LynchJ. J.MessentP. R., 'Social interaction and blood pressure: Influence of animal companions' (1983) 171(8) Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease: 461-465.

GrimmA. L., 'An examination of why permitting therapy dogs to assist child-victims when testifying during criminal trials should not be permitted' (2013) 16(1) Journal of Gender Race and Justice: 263-300.

Hart-CohenD. S., 'Canines in the courtroom' (2009) 26(5) General Practice Solo and Small Firm Division Retrieved from http://www.americanbar.org/content/newsletter/publications/gp_solo_magazine_home/gp_solo_magazine_index/caninesincourtroom.html.

HazelwoodR. R.BurgessA. V., Practical aspects of rape investigation: A multidisciplinary approach 4th edition, (CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL 2008).

HeydonG., The language of police interviewing: A critical analysis, (Palgrave-Macmillan, Houndmills, United Kingdom 2005).

HolderC., 'All dogs go to court: The impact of court facility dogs as comfort for child witnesses on a defendant’s right to a fair trial' (2013) 50(4) Houston Law Review: 1155-1187.

JenkinsJ. L., 'Physiological effects of petting a companion animal' (1986) 58(1) Psychological Reports: 21-22.

KaiserM., 'Sit . . . stay . . . now beg for me: A look at the courthouse dogs program and the legal standard Pennsylvania should use to determine whether a dog can accompany a child on the witness stand' (2015) 60(2) Villanova Law Review: 343-382.

KaminskiM.PellinoT.WishJ., 'Play and pets: The physical and emotional impact of child-life and pet therapy on hospitalized children' (2002) 31(4) Children’s Health Care: 321-335.

KingwellB. A.LomdahlA.AndersonW. P., 'Presence of a pet dog and human cardiovascular responses to mild mental stress' (2001) 11(5) Clinical Autonomic Research: 313-317.

MilneR.ShawG.BullR., 'Investigative interviewing: The role of psychology', in D. Carson, B. Milne, F. Pakes, K. Shalev and A. Shawyer (eds), Applying Psychology to Criminal Justice, (John Wiley & Sons Ltd., West Sussex, England 2007) 65-78.

MotomuraN.YagiT.OhyamaH., 'Animal assisted therapy for people with dementia' (2004) 4(2) Psychogeriatrics: 40-42.

NorrisF.ThompsonM. P., 'Victims in the system: The influence of police responsiveness on victim alienation' (1993) 6(4) Journal of Traumatic Stress: 77-94.

O’Neill-StephensE., 'Pet therapy dogs in the criminal justice system' (2009) 9 Animal Law Committee Newsletter: 21-22.

PetersonC.BiggsM., 'Interviewing children about trauma: Problems with “specific questions”' (1997) 10(2) Journal of Traumatic Stress: 279-290.

RobinM.ten BenselR. W., 'Pets and socialization of children' (1985) 8(3-4) Marriage and Family Review: 63-78.

SandovalG. N., 'Court facility dogs-easing the apprehensive witness' (2010) 39(4) The Colorado Lawyer: 17-23.

SavishinskyJ. S., 'Intimacy, domesticity and pet therapy with the elderly: Expectation and experience among nursing home volunteers' (1992) 34(12) Social Science & Medicine: 1325-1334.

StraatmanI.HansonE. K.EndenburgN.MolJ. A., 'The influence of a dog on male students during a stressor' (1997) 10(4) The Interactions of People & Animals: 191-197.

TriebenbacherS. L., 'Pets as transitional objects: Their role in children’s emotional development' (1998) 82(1) Psychological Reports: 191-200.

VormbrockJ. K.GrossbergJ. M., 'Cardiovascular effects of human-pet dog interactions' (1988) 11(5) Journal of Behavioral Medicine: 509-517.

Washington v. Dye2013283 P.3d 1130

WellsD. L., 'Domestic dogs and human health: An overview' (2007) 12(1) British Journal of Health Psychology: 145-156.

WilsonC., 'Physiological responses of college students to a pet' (1987) 175(10) Nervous & Mental Disease: 606-612.

Figures

Information

Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 44 44 14
Full Text Views 82 81 53
PDF Downloads 7 6 2
EPUB Downloads 1 1 0