Are You Smarter Than a Cetacean?: Death Reminders and Concerns About Human Intelligence

in Society & Animals
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Abstract

Terror management theory and research indicate that humans cope with concerns about mortality by believing we are more than nonhuman animals. The current studies investigated whether this motivation plays a role in believing humans are more intelligent than other animals. Study 1 had participants think about mortality or another unpleasant topic. The study found that after the death reminder, participants had more negative reactions to a scientific article describing dolphins as smarter than humans, but not to an article that merely focused on dolphins’ intelligence. Study 2 had participants read an article about dolphins being smarter than humans or an article describing dolphin intelligence without a comparison to humans. Participants then completed a measure that assessed how close to consciousness thoughts of death were. Those who read that dolphins were smarter than humans exhibited higher levels of death-related thought. These results may have important implications for conserving intelligent animal species.

Are You Smarter Than a Cetacean?: Death Reminders and Concerns About Human Intelligence

in Society & Animals

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References

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Figures

  • View in gallery
    Mean liking of the articles according to the type of article (dolphins are smarter than humans vs. dolphins are smart) and the priming condition (death vs. control). Error bars represent 95% confidence intervals from bootstrapping with 5,000 resamples.
  • View in gallery
    Mean agreement with the articles according to the type of article (dolphins are smarter than humans vs. dolphins are smart) and the priming condition (death vs. control). Error bars represent 95% confidence intervals from bootstrapping with 5,000 resamples.
  • View in gallery
    Mean ratings of dolphin intelligence according to the type of article (dolphins are smarter than humans vs. dolphins are smart) and the priming condition (death vs. control). Error bars represent 95% confidence intervals from bootstrapping with 5,000 resamples.
  • View in gallery
    Mean death thought accessibility (DTA) across the different article conditions (dolphins are smarter than humans vs. dolphins are smart). Error bars represent 95% confidence intervals from bootstrapping with 5,000 resamples.

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