On the Hunt

How Do People Experience the Hunting of Nonhuman Animals?

in Society & Animals
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?

Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.


Have Institutional Access?

Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?


The aim of the present study was to examine hunters’ experiences of leisure hunting, with a focus on the human-nonhuman animal relationship aspect of the activity. Interviews with twelve Swedish hunters were conducted and analyzed with an inductive thematic approach. The analysis showed that hunting led to an experience of completeness. This experience was complex, encompassing positive ingredients such as flow, peak experience, and transcendence, but there were also negative emotions such as guilt, disgust, and shame. The study showed that the hunters seemed to be aware of these feelings and that killing an animal was thus an ambivalent experience, involving the contrasting feelings of euphoria and guilt.

On the Hunt

How Do People Experience the Hunting of Nonhuman Animals?

in Society & Animals



AntonovskyA. Unraveling the mystery of health—how people manage stress and stay well 1987 San Francisco Jossey-Bass Publishers

BarnettL. Measuring the abcs of leisure experience: Awareness, boredom, challenge, distress Leisure Sciences 2005 27 2 131 155 doi: 10.1080/01490400590912051

ChristoffersonS. Jakt i Norden [Hunting in the Nordic Countries] 2010 Stockholm, Sweden Norstedts

CrononW. The trouble with wilderness or getting back to the wrong nature Uncommon ground: Rethinking the human place in nature 1996 Norton

CsikszentmihalyiM. Flow: The psychology of optimal experience 1990 New York Harper and Row

CurtinS. Wildlife tourism: The intangible, psychological benefits of human—wildlife encounters Current Issues in Tourism 2009 12 5-6 451 474 doi: 10.1080/13683500903042857

DavisD.BanksS.BirtlesA.ValentineP.CuthillM. Whale sharks in Ningaloo Marine Park: Managing tourism in an Australian marine protected area Tourism Management 1997 18 5 259 271 doi: 10.1016/S0261-5177(97)00015-0

DimmockK. Finding comfort in adventure: experiences of recreational SCUBA divers Leisure Studies 2009 28 3 279 295 doi: 10.1080/02614360902951674

DizardJ. E. Mortal stakes: Hunters and hunting in contemporary America 2003 Amherst, MA University of Massachusetts Press

DeckerD. J.BrownT. L.GutiérrezR. J. Further insights into the multiple-satisfaction approach for hunter management The Wildlife Society Bulletin 1980 8 323 331

EdgintonC. R.JordanD. J.DeGraafD. G.EdgintonS. R. Leisure and life satisfaction: Foundational perspectives 2005 4th ed. McGraw-Hill Humanities/Social Sciences/Languages

EverettM. W.GoreM. L. Measuring flow in Michigan youth firearm deer hunters: Implications for measurement and practice Loisir et Société /Society and Leisure 2015 38 1 100 109 doi: 10.1080/07053436.2015.1007579

Faye-SchjøllE. Hunters’ satisfaction as affected by ptarmigan density and hunting practice. 2008 Norge Hedmark Högskola Masters thesis

FrancioneG. The animal rights debate: abolition or regulation 2010 New York Columbia University Press

FranklinA. Naturalizing sports: Hunting and angling in modernity Animals and Modern Cultures 1999 London, UK, and Thousand Oaks, CA Sage

GarnerR. Animal Ethics 2005 Cambridge Polity Press

HarperC. A.ShawC. E.FlyM. J.BeaverJ. T. Attitudes and motivations of Tennessee deer hunters toward quality deer management . Wildlife Society Bulletin 2012 36 277 285 doi: 10.1002/wsb.132

IwasakiY. Leisure and quality of life in an international and multicultural context: What are major pathways linking leisure to quality of life? Social Indicators Research 2007 82 2 233 264 doi: 10.1007/s11205-006-9032-z

IwasakiY.SmaleB. A. Longitudinal analyses of the relationships among life transitions, chronic health problems, leisure and psychological well-being Leisure Sciences 1998 20 1 25 52 doi: 10.1080/01490409809512263

JoyM. Why we love dogs eat pigs and wear cows 2011 San Francisco, CA Conari Press

KellyJ. R.RuleS. The hunt as love and as kill: hunter-prey relationships in the discourse of contemporary hunting magazines Nature and Culture 2013 8 2 185 204

KheelM. AdamsC.DonovanJ. License to kill: An ecofeminist critique of hunters’ discourse Animals and women: Feminist theoretical explanations 1995 Durham, NC Duke University Press 85 125

KheelM. Nature ethics: An ecofeminist perspective 2008 Lanham, MD Rowman & Littlefield

LangemarP. Kvalitativ forskningsmetodik i psykologi [Qualitative research methods in psychology] 2008 Stockholm, Sweden Liber

LarssonS. Om kvalitet i kvalitativa studier [About quality in qualitative studies] Nordisk pedagogik 2005 25 1 16 35

LevensonM. R.JenningsP. A.AldwinC. M.ShiraishiR. W. Self-transcendence: Conceptualization and measurement Aging and Development 2005 60 2 127 143 doi: 10.2190/XRXM-FYRA-7U0X-GRC0

LukeB. A critical analysis of hunters’ ethics Environmental Ethics 1997 19 1 25 44 doi: 10.5840/enviroethics199719137

LukeB. Violent love: Hunting, heterosexuality, and the erotics of men’s predation Feminist Studies 1998 24 3 627 655

LukeB. Brutal: Manhood and the exploitation of animals 2007 Chicago, IL University of Illinois Press

McDonaldM. G.WearingS.PontingJ. The nature of peak experience in wilderness The Humanistic Psychologist 2009 37 4 370 385 doi: 10.1080/08873260701828912

MuloinS. Wildlife tourism: The psychological benefits of whale watching Pacific Tourism Review 1998 2 3-4 199 213

NakamuraJ.CsikszentmihalyiM. SnyderLopez Flow theory and research Oxford handbook of positive psychology 2009 New York Oxford University Press 195 206

Nationalencyklopedin Jakt [Hunting] 2014 Retrieved from http://www.ne.se/jakt/21507

NimrodG. Expanding, reducing, concentrating and diffusing: Post retirement leisure behavior and life satisfaction Leisure Sciences 2007 29 1 91 111 doi: 10.1080/01490400600983446

PriestS. Factor exploration and confirmation for the dimensions of an adventure experience Journal of Leisure Research 1992 24 2 127 139

RadderL.Bech-LarsenT. Hunters motivations and values: A South African perspective Human Dimensions of Wildlife: An International Journal 2008 13 4 252 262 doi:10.1080/10871200801986739

ReganT. The case for animal rights 2004 Berkeley and Los Angeles, CA University of California Press

SchwartzG. M.CampagnaJ. New meaning for the emotional state of the elderly, from a leisure standpoint Leisure Studies 2008 27 2 207 211 doi: 10.1080/02614360801902232

ShepardP. How animals made us human 1996 Washington, DC Island Press

SingerP. Animal liberation 2009 New York Harper Collins Publishers

SnyderG. The practice of the wild 1990 Berkeley, CA Counterpoint

StedmanR. C.HeberleinT. A. Hunting and the heart: Physiological response to seeing, shooting, and bagging game Human Dimensions of Wildlife 1997 2 2 21 36

WhiteR. W. Motivation reconsidered: The concept of competence Psychological Review 1959 66 5 297 333 doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/h0040934


Index Card

Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 22 22 22
Full Text Views 9 9 9
PDF Downloads 0 0 0
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0