On the Hunt

How Do People Experience the Hunting of Nonhuman Animals?

In: Society & Animals
View More View Less
  • 1 Department of Psychology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA
  • 2 School of Law, Psychology and Social Work, Örebro University, Sweden
  • 3 School of Law, Psychology and Social Work, Örebro University, Sweden
  • 4 School of Law, Psychology and Social Work, Örebro University, Sweden

The aim of the present study was to examine hunters’ experiences of leisure hunting, with a focus on the human-nonhuman animal relationship aspect of the activity. Interviews with twelve Swedish hunters were conducted and analyzed with an inductive thematic approach. The analysis showed that hunting led to an experience of completeness. This experience was complex, encompassing positive ingredients such as flow, peak experience, and transcendence, but there were also negative emotions such as guilt, disgust, and shame. The study showed that the hunters seemed to be aware of these feelings and that killing an animal was thus an ambivalent experience, involving the contrasting feelings of euphoria and guilt.

  • Antonovsky A. Unraveling the mystery of health—how people manage stress and stay well 1987 San Francisco Jossey-Bass Publishers

  • Barnett L. Measuring the abcs of leisure experience: Awareness, boredom, challenge, distress Leisure Sciences 2005 27 2 131 155 doi: 10.1080/01490400590912051

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Christofferson S. Jakt i Norden [Hunting in the Nordic Countries] 2010 Stockholm, Sweden Norstedts

  • Cronon W. The trouble with wilderness or getting back to the wrong nature Uncommon ground: Rethinking the human place in nature 1996 Norton

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Csikszentmihalyi M. Flow: The psychology of optimal experience 1990 New York Harper and Row

  • Curtin S. Wildlife tourism: The intangible, psychological benefits of human—wildlife encounters Current Issues in Tourism 2009 12 5-6 451 474 doi: 10.1080/13683500903042857

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Davis D., Banks S., Birtles A., Valentine P. & Cuthill M. Whale sharks in Ningaloo Marine Park: Managing tourism in an Australian marine protected area Tourism Management 1997 18 5 259 271 doi: 10.1016/S0261-5177(97)00015-0

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Dimmock K. Finding comfort in adventure: experiences of recreational SCUBA divers Leisure Studies 2009 28 3 279 295 doi: 10.1080/02614360902951674

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Dizard J. E. Mortal stakes: Hunters and hunting in contemporary America 2003 Amherst, MA University of Massachusetts Press

  • Decker D. J., Brown T. L. & Gutiérrez R. J. Further insights into the multiple-satisfaction approach for hunter management The Wildlife Society Bulletin 1980 8 323 331

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Edginton C. R., Jordan D. J., DeGraaf D. G. & Edginton S. R. Leisure and life satisfaction: Foundational perspectives 2005 4th ed. McGraw-Hill Humanities/Social Sciences/Languages

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Everett M. W. & Gore M. L. Measuring flow in Michigan youth firearm deer hunters: Implications for measurement and practice Loisir et Société /Society and Leisure 2015 38 1 100 109 doi: 10.1080/07053436.2015.1007579

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Faye-Schjøll E. Hunters’ satisfaction as affected by ptarmigan density and hunting practice. 2008 Norge Hedmark Högskola Masters thesis

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Francione G. The animal rights debate: abolition or regulation 2010 New York Columbia University Press

  • Franklin A. Naturalizing sports: Hunting and angling in modernity Animals and Modern Cultures 1999 London, UK, and Thousand Oaks, CA Sage

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Garner R. Animal Ethics 2005 Cambridge Polity Press

  • Harper C. A., Shaw C. E., Fly M. J. & Beaver J. T. Attitudes and motivations of Tennessee deer hunters toward quality deer management . Wildlife Society Bulletin 2012 36 277 285 doi: 10.1002/wsb.132

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Iwasaki Y. Leisure and quality of life in an international and multicultural context: What are major pathways linking leisure to quality of life? Social Indicators Research 2007 82 2 233 264 doi: 10.1007/s11205-006-9032-z

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Iwasaki Y. & Smale B. A. Longitudinal analyses of the relationships among life transitions, chronic health problems, leisure and psychological well-being Leisure Sciences 1998 20 1 25 52 doi: 10.1080/01490409809512263

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Joy M. Why we love dogs, eat pigs and wear cows 2011 San Francisco, CA Conari Press

  • Kelly J. R. & Rule S. The hunt as love and as kill: hunter-prey relationships in the discourse of contemporary hunting magazines Nature and Culture 2013 8 2 185 204

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Kheel M. Adams C. & Donovan J. License to kill: An ecofeminist critique of hunters’ discourse Animals and women: Feminist theoretical explanations 1995 Durham, NC Duke University Press 85 125

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Kheel M. Nature ethics: An ecofeminist perspective 2008 Lanham, MD Rowman & Littlefield

  • Langemar P. Kvalitativ forskningsmetodik i psykologi [Qualitative research methods in psychology] 2008 Stockholm, Sweden Liber

  • Larsson S. Om kvalitet i kvalitativa studier [About quality in qualitative studies] Nordisk pedagogik 2005 25 1 16 35

  • Levenson M. R., Jennings P. A., Aldwin C. M. & Shiraishi R. W. Self-transcendence: Conceptualization and measurement Aging and Development 2005 60 2 127 143 doi: 10.2190/XRXM-FYRA-7U0X-GRC0

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Luke B. A critical analysis of hunters’ ethics Environmental Ethics 1997 19 1 25 44 doi: 10.5840/enviroethics199719137

  • Luke B. Violent love: Hunting, heterosexuality, and the erotics of men’s predation Feminist Studies 1998 24 3 627 655

  • Luke B. Brutal: Manhood and the exploitation of animals 2007 Chicago, IL University of Illinois Press

  • McDonald M. G., Wearing S. & Ponting J. The nature of peak experience in wilderness The Humanistic Psychologist 2009 37 4 370 385 doi: 10.1080/08873260701828912

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Muloin S. Wildlife tourism: The psychological benefits of whale watching Pacific Tourism Review 1998 2 3-4 199 213

  • Nakamura J. & Csikszentmihalyi M. Snyder & Lopez Flow theory and research Oxford handbook of positive psychology 2009 New York Oxford University Press 195 206

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Nationalencyklopedin Jakt [Hunting] 2014 Retrieved from http://www.ne.se/jakt/21507

  • Nimrod G. Expanding, reducing, concentrating and diffusing: Post retirement leisure behavior and life satisfaction Leisure Sciences 2007 29 1 91 111 doi: 10.1080/01490400600983446

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Priest S. Factor exploration and confirmation for the dimensions of an adventure experience Journal of Leisure Research 1992 24 2 127 139

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Radder L. & Bech-Larsen T. Hunters motivations and values: A South African perspective Human Dimensions of Wildlife: An International Journal 2008 13 4 252 262 doi:10.1080/10871200801986739

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Regan T. The case for animal rights 2004 Berkeley and Los Angeles, CA University of California Press

  • Schwartz G. M. & Campagna J. New meaning for the emotional state of the elderly, from a leisure standpoint Leisure Studies 2008 27 2 207 211 doi: 10.1080/02614360801902232

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Shepard P. How animals made us human 1996 Washington, DC Island Press

  • Singer P. Animal liberation 2009 New York Harper Collins Publishers

  • Snyder G. The practice of the wild 1990 Berkeley, CA Counterpoint

  • Stedman R. C. & Heberlein T. A. Hunting and the heart: Physiological response to seeing, shooting, and bagging game Human Dimensions of Wildlife 1997 2 2 21 36

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • White R. W. Motivation reconsidered: The concept of competence Psychological Review 1959 66 5 297 333 doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/h0040934

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 250 191 3
Full Text Views 188 1 0
PDF Downloads 14 0 0