Adhering to the Ways of Our Western Brothers

Tracing Saudi Influences on the Development of Hui Salafism in China

in Sociology of Islam

This paper attempts to provide a more comprehensive understanding of the relationship between Saudi Arabia and Chinese Salafism. The paper traces, on the basis of a historical approach, the ways in which Wahhabi influences – doctrinal, ritual, and financial - have been transmitted into China since the late 19th century. It focuses specifically on the channels that had emerged following the 1970s and which have facilitated the spread of these influences including the Hajj, the impact of the Saudi-Chinese diaspora, the work of Saudi organizations and preachers operating within China, and study opportunities in the Kingdom. The paper argues that these influences have led to the strengthening of Salafisation tendencies within Muslim Chinese society on the one hand, and intensifying fragmentary pressures within Chinese Salafism on the other.

  • Long Ahong (聋阿訇) long ahong (聋阿訇.) linxia: gansusheng linxiashi mingde qingzhensi (明德清真寺) 1996. [Imam Long].

  • Ma Fude (马福德) jindai yisilanjiao fuxing yundong de xianqu: wahabu jiqi sixiang yanjiu(近代伊斯兰复兴运动的先驱:瓦哈卜及其思想研究.) Beijing; zhongguo shehuikexue chubanshe (北京: 中国社会科学出版社)2006. [Pioneer of the Islamic revivalist movement: Wahhab and his Thought].

  • Ma Lirong (马丽蓉) “yimeng yihe yu zhongguo zhongdong renwen waijiao” (伊 盟、伊合与中国中东人文外交.) Arab World Studies (阿拉伯世界研究) 2012. [mwloic and China’s Cultural Diplomacy towards the Middle East].

  • Ma Qiang (马强) “wahabi yundong yu zhongguo de yihewani he sailaifeiye” (瓦 哈比运动与中国的伊赫瓦尼和赛莱菲耶.) Journal of the Second Northwest University for Nationalities (西北第二民族学院学报)2001. [The Wahhabi movement and China’s Yihewani and Salafiyya].

  • Ma Jun (马骏) lanzhou sailaifeiye xiankuang diaocha (兰州赛来菲 耶现状调查.) Lanzhou: xibei minzu daxue (西北民族大学)2010. [Investigation on the Lanzhou Salafiyya].

  • Ma Tong (马通) zhongguo yisilan jiaopai yu menhuan suyuan (中国伊斯兰教派与 门宦溯源.) Ningxia: renmin chubanse (宁夏人民出版社)2000. [The Origins of China’s Islamic sects and tariqas].

  • Ma Wen (马文) fenhua yu liebianzhong de sailaifeiye (分化与裂变 中 的赛莱 菲 耶) zhongyang minzu daxue (中央民族大学)2013. [Fragmenting and Fusing Salafiyya].

  • Ma Zhongyun (马忠云) zhongguo yisilanjiao sailaifeiye yanjiu (中国伊斯兰教赛莱 菲耶研究.) Lanzhou: xibei minzu daxue (西北民族大学2007.) [Chinese Islam Salafiyya Studies].

  • Ma Zhiqiang (马志强) ningxia yisilanjiao sailaifeiye lishi yu xiankuang de minzixue kaocha (宁夏伊斯兰教赛莱菲耶历史与现状的 民族学考察) Lanzhou: minzu daxue (民族大学 2014.) [Ethnography of Ningxia Salafiyya’s History and Circumstances].

  • Mian Weilin (勉维霖) zhongguo huizu yisilan zongjiao zhidu gailun (中国回族伊 斯兰宗教制度概论) Ningxia: ningxia renmin chubanshe (宁夏人民出版社)1999 (second edition). [Introduction to the Chinese Hui Islamic religious system].

  • JinbaoTian (田 进宝) shehui biange shiye de zhongguo saileifeiye (社会变革视野下的 中 国 赛 莱菲 耶) zhongyang minzu daxue (中央民族大学) 2013. [Chinese Salafiyya under the perspective of social change].

  • GuipingYang (杨桂萍) “dangdai sailaifeiye jiqi dui zhongguo musilin de yingxiang”(当代赛莱菲耶及其对中国穆斯林的影响.) Journal of Hui Muslim Minority Studies (回族研究) 2013. [Contemporary Salafiyya and its influence towards Chinese Muslims].

    • Zitierung exportieren
  • QingweiZhi (治青卫) “Shilun Yihewani yu Wahabipai de Guanxi” (试论伊赫瓦尼 与瓦哈比派的关系.) Qinghai Social Science (青海社会科学) 1987. [On the Yihewani and Wahhabi Relationship].

    • Zitierung exportieren
  • The Imamate and Imams of the Grand Mosque.” Gateway of the Two Grand Mosques. Web. 28 Mar. 2014. Link: ryid=1025.

    • Zitierung exportieren
  • Books and Publications that have discussed the Sheikh’s Message with Objectivity.” Sayid Al-Fawa’id Islamic Website. Web. 28 Mar. 2014. Link:

  • Conversation with the Sheikh Preacher Abdullah Al-Sini on the Affairs of Muslims in China.” Al-Alukah. Web. 30 Mar. 2014.

    • Zitierung exportieren
  • From Mecca and Medina to China.” Al-Jazirah 2003.Web. 28 Mar. 2014.

    • Zitierung exportieren
  • China’s shock over the death of its great preacher Sheikh Baha Al-Din Suleiman.” Al-Alukah. 17 Jan. 2012.Web. 2 Apr. 2014.

    • Zitierung exportieren
  • Who are the Asha’rites and Maturidis?” 28 Mar. 2014.

    • Zitierung exportieren
  • MaNibao. “The History of Translating the Quran into Chinese.)” Zhongguo Wang. Web. 28 Mar. 2014.

    • Zitierung exportieren
  • The torches of Sheik Baha Al-Deen Ma Zhixin are lighting up the way.” China Today. 2 Dec. 2013. Web. 28 Mar. 2014.

    • Zitierung exportieren
  • binFawaz AzizAbdul Al-SalmiUbaydan. Al-Shaykh Mohammad Sultan Al-Ma’sumi and his efforts in spreading the message. University of Umm Al-Qura (جامعة أم القرى) ma Thesis 1423 (2003).

  • Nasir Al-AbudiMohammed bin. Inside the Walls of China; Journey and Discussion on the State of Affairs of Muslims Vol 1. Al-Farazdaq Commercial Press1992.

    • Zitierung exportieren
  • Nasir Al-AbudiMohammed bin. Inside the Walls of China; Journey and Discussion on the State of Affairs of Muslims Vol 2. Al-Farazdaq Commercial Press1992.

    • Zitierung exportieren
  • Al-MaghamsiSaid bin Falih. The Efforts of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques in Educating the Children of the Muslims through the Scholarships provided by the Islamic University. The Islamic University Magazine (Iss. 118) 1423 (2003).

    • Über Google Scholar suchen
    • Zitierung exportieren
  • AllesElisabethCherrif-ChebbiLeïla and HalfonConstance-Helene. “ Chinese Islam: Unity and Fragmentation.” Religion State & Society 31 no. 1 (2003): 735.

  • Al-TamimiNaser M. China-Saudi Arabia relations 1990–2012: marriage of convenience or strategic alliance?. Vol. 28. Routledge2013.

  • ArmijoJacqueline . “Muslim Education in China: Chinese Madrasas and Linkages to Islamic Schools Abroad.” The madrasa in Asia political activism and transnational linkages. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Amsterdam Univ. Press2008.

    • Über Google Scholar suchen
    • Zitierung exportieren
  • Al-RasheedMadawi. Contesting the Saudi state: Islamic voices from a new generation.Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press2007.

  • Al-RasheedMadawi. A history of Saudi Arabia. New York: Cambridge University Press2002.

  • BalciBayram. “Central Asian refugees in Saudi Arabia: religious evolution and contributing to the reislamization of their motherland. ” Refugee Survey Quarterly (Vol 26) 2007.

    • Zitierung exportieren
  • Chérif-ChebbiLeila. “Overlooked aspects of Islam: From Salafiyya to Tabligh, in Search of a Pure Islam.” Austrian Academy of Sciences conference ‘Islam in China Historical Bases and Modern Constellations’ 1113 June 2009.

    • Zitierung exportieren
  • Chérif-ChebbiLeila. “Brothers and Comrades: Muslim Fundamentalists and Communists Allied for the Transmission of Islamic knowledge in China.” Devout Socieites vs. Impious States pp. 61–90. Edited by Dudoignon Stephane A. Berlin: Klaus Schwarz Verlag2004.

    • Über Google Scholar suchen
    • Zitierung exportieren
  • Davidson ChristopherMichael. The Persian Gulf and Pacific Asia: from indifference to interdependence. Columbia University Press2010.

  • DillonMichael. China’s Muslim Hui Community: Migration Settlement and Sects.Richmond: Curzon Press1999.

  • DingJun. “Civilian-Operated Arabic Language Schools and the Development of Muslim Society.” Muslims and a Harmonious Society: Selected Papers from a Three-Conference Series on Muslim Minorities in Northwest China. United States of America: Ethnic Minority Group Development Research Institute within the Development Research Center of China’s State Council &The Religion and Security Research Project & Center on Faith & International Affairs, Institute for Global Engagement2011.

    • Über Google Scholar suchen
    • Zitierung exportieren
  • EmberMelvinEmberCarol R. and SkoggardIan A.. Encyclopedia of diasporas immigrant and refugee cultures around the world.New York: Springer2005.

  • Fletcher Joseph. “The Naqshbandiyya in Northwest China.” bf manz (éd.) Studies on Chinese and Islamic Inner AsiaAldershot-BrookfieldVariorum (1995): 5265.

  • ForbesAndrew. Warlords and Muslims in Chinese Central Asia: a political history of Republican Sinkiang 1911–1949.CambridgeEngland1986.

  • GhafouriMahmoud. “ China’s policy in the Persian Gulf.” Middle East Policy 16 no. 2 (2009): 8092.

  • Gillette MarisBoyd. Between Mecca and Beijing: modernization and consumption among urban Chinese Muslims. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press 2000.

  • GladneyDru C.Muslim Chinese: Ethnic Nationalism in the People’s Republic.Cambridge: Harvard University Press1991.

  • GladneyDru C.Dislocating China: Reflections on Muslims Minorities and Other Subaltern Subjects.London: Hurst & Company2004.

  • Gladney DruC.Muslim Tombs and Ethnic Folklore: Charters for Hui Identity.”Journal of Asian Studies (Vol 46) 1987.

    • Zitierung exportieren
  • GladneyDru C. “The Salafiyya Movement in Northwest China: Islamic Fundamentalism among the Muslim Chinese?”In Muslim Diversity: Local Islam in Global Contexts pp. 102–149. Edited by Manger Leif. Richmond: Curzon Press1999.

    • Über Google Scholar suchen
    • Zitierung exportieren
  • HuwaidinMohamed. China’s relations with Arabia and the Gulf 1949–1999.London: Routledge Curzon2002.

  • LacroixStephane and HolochGeorge. Awakening Islam the politics of religious dissent in contemporary Saudi Arabia. Cambridge Mass.: Harvard University Press 2011.

  • LauzièreHenri. “The Construction of Salafiyya: Reconsidering Salafism from the Perspective of Conceptual History.” International Journal of Middle East Studies (Vol 42) 2010.

  • LipmanJonathan. Familiar Strangers: A History of Muslims in Northwest China.Seattle: University of Washington Press1997.

  • Lipman Jonathan “Ethnicity and politics in Republican China: The Ma family warlords of Gansu.” Modern China pp. 285–316 1984.

  • Ma Haiyun.“Patriotic and Pious Muslim Intellectuals in Modern China: the Case of Ma Jian.”American Journal of Islamic Social Sciences (Vol. 23 Iss. 3): pp. 54–70 2006.

  • McCarthySusan. “If Allah Wills It: Integration Isolation and Muslim Authenticity in Yunnan Province in China.” Religion State and Society (Vol. 33 Iss. 2) 2005.

  • MeijerRoel. Global Salafism: Islam’s new religious movement.New York: Columbia University Press2009.

  • NiblockTim ed. Asia-Gulf Economic Relations in the 21stCentury: The Local to Global Transformation. Gerlach Press 2013.

  • Pant Harsh V. “Saudi Arabia Woos China and India.” Middle East Quarterly (2006).

  • StewartAlexander. “Where is Allah? Sectarian Debate, Ethnicity, and Transnational Identity Among the Salafis of Northwest China” 44th Annual Conference of the North American Association of Islamic and Muslim Studies (naaims)Brown University; September 192015.

    • Über Google Scholar suchen
    • Zitierung exportieren
  • WaiteEdmund. “The Impact of the State on Islam amongst the Uyghurs: Religious Knowledge and Authority in the Kashgar Oasis.” Central Asian Survey (Vol. 25 Iss. 3) pp. 251–265 September 2006.

  • YamadaMakio. “ Saudi Arabia’s Look‐East Diplomacy: Ten Years On.” Middle East Policy22 no. 4 (2015): 121139.

    • Zitierung exportieren
  • 3

    Guoyuan interview 11 February 2014.


Insgesamt Im letzten Jahr In den letzten 30 Tagen
Aufrufe von Kurzbeschreibungen 571 147 14
Gesamttextansichten 241 88 2
PDF-Downloads 26 15 2