China and the International Non-Proliferation Regime

The Case of Iran

In: Sociology of Islam

There are three broad factors that help explain China’s policy towards Iran’s nuclear program, especially since escalation to a full-fledged proliferation concern since the 2000s. First, there are a set of strategic dynamics and characteristics that define and shape the environment within which policy towards Iran has been formulated by Beijing since the inception of the Islamic Republic of Iran in 1979. These dynamics could be analyzed as Iran’s strategic signification. Secondly, one could point at China’s global and regional preferences and policies and their implications for the prc’s Iran policy. Finally, the previous two sets of dynamics and preferences need to be contextualized within China’s nuclear proliferation culture and its impact in informing Beijing’s policies toward Iran’s nuclear crisis. Placing them in a historical geostrategic background context, the present paper will unpack these factors.

  • Balamir-CoskunBezenDemirtas-CoskunBirgul2009Neighborhood Challenge: The European Union and Its NeighborsUniversal PublishersBoca Raton, Florida.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • cia China Desk 1992 Secret Memorandum for the Record. Beijing’s Middle East Proliferation Activities. January 31 1992. Available from <http://www.foia.cia.gov/docs/DOC_0001247931/DOC_0001247931.pdf >. [17April 2011].

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • Director of Central Intelligence (dci) 1999Unclassified Report to Congress on the Acquisition of Technology Relating to Weapons of Mass Destruction and Advanced Conventional Munitions.’ Available from <http://www.globalsecurity.org/intell/library/reports/2000/cia_wmd-report_jan_jun1999.htm>. [12 May 2015).

    • Export Citation
  • Director of Central Intelligence (dci) 2000. ‘Unclassified Report to Congress on the Acquisition of Technology Relating to Weapons of Mass Destruction and Advanced Conventional Munitions, 1 July Through 31 December 2000.’ Available from <https://www.cia.gov/library/reports/archived-reports-1/july_dec2000.htm>. [12 May 2015].

    • Export Citation
  • Director of Intelligence 1988. Secret Middle East-South Asia Nuclear Handbook May 1988. Available from <http://www.foia.cia.gov/docs/DOC_0001033097/DOC_0001033097.pdf>. [19 April 2011].

  • GarverJW2006China and Iran: Ancient Partners in a Post-Imperial WorldUniversity of WashingtonPress.

  • HoffmanD1992 ‘Iran’s Rebuilding Seen as Challenge to West’ The Washington Post2 February.

  • iaea2005 ‘Board of Governors Report Implementation of the npt Safeguards Agreement in the Islamic Republic of Iran Resolution September 24 2005.’ Available from <www.iaea.org/Publications/Documents/Board/2005/gov2005-77.pdf>. [August 14 2011].

  • isis NuclearIran Esfahan Nuclear Technology Center/Research Reactors. Available from <http://www.isisnucleariran.org/sites/detail/esfahan-area-research-reactors/>. [30 March 2015].

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • LeckyJFroscherTChenDKerevelASchlaikjerS Davis M 2013 ‘China - Iran: A Limited Partnership’ The us - China Economic and Security Review Commission. Available from <http://www.uscc.gov/sites/default/files/Research/China-Iran–A%20Limited%20Partnership.pdf>. [5 April 2015].

  • MedeirosE2007Reluctant Restraint: The Evolution of China’s Nonproliferation Policies and Practices 1980–2004Stanford UniversityPress.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • MesbahiM2011Free and Confined: Iran and the International SystemIranian Review of Foreign Affairsvol2 no. 5 pp. 934.

  • MüllerH2004 ‘Arguing Bargaining and all that: Communicative Action Rationalist Theory and the Logic of Appropriateness in International Relations’ European Journal of International Relations vol10 no. 3 pp. 395435.

    • Search Google Scholar
    • Export Citation
  • NikitinMBD Holt M 2015 ‘U.S.-China Nuclear Cooperation Agreement.’ Available from https://www.fas.org/sgp/crs/row/RL33192.pdf. [23 May 2015].

  • Permanent Mission of the People’s Republic of China to the United Nations and Other International Organizations in Vienna 2005Ambassador Wu Hailong Made a Statement on Iranian Nuclear Issue at iaea Board of Governors Meeting.’ Available from <http://www.fmprc.gov.cn/ce/cgvienna/eng/xw/t213613.htm > [12 May 2015].

    • Export Citation
  • SickG1995Iran: the adolescent revolutionJournal of International Affairs vol 49 no. 1 pp. 145166.

  • SmithR. J.1996 ‘China may cancel proposed sale of nuclear facility to Iran’ The Washington Post 6 Nov. Available from <http://search.proquest.com/docview/307985081?accountid=10901>. [26 August 2010].

  • TothRobert C. 1985. ‘China: Cranston Cites Nuclear Exports China Exports Nuclear Items, Cranston Says’The Los Angeles Times 21 October. Available from: <http://search.proquest.com/docview/292206763?accountid=10901>. [1 August 2010].

    • Export Citation
  • WendtA1999Social theory of International RelationsCambridge UniversityPress.

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 77 59 2
Full Text Views 136 127 13
PDF Downloads 14 12 2