Hair: Practices and Symbolism in Traditional Muslim Societies

in Sociology of Islam
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?



Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.



Help

Have Institutional Access?



Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



Connect

This study examines Muslim legal discussion of head and body hair by uncovering their symbolic meanings as found in written descriptions, as these reflect both reality and expected norms. The use of symbols and symbolizing processes, together with a wider conception of the way Muslims perceive themselves, their appearance and the human interactions they have in daily life and during ceremonies, confirms the multiplicity of meanings which exist in the legal discussion of head and body hair. Thus, these societies entertained several levels of meaning for hair, some of them contradictory and complementary at the same time.

Hair: Practices and Symbolism in Traditional Muslim Societies

in Sociology of Islam

Sections

References

’Abū Dā’udSulimān b. ’Ash‘ath al-Sijistāni. 1988. Sunan ’Abū Dāud. al-Riyād: Maktab al-Tarbiya al-‘Arabī1988.

AbouseifDoris Behrens. 1998. Beauty in Arabic Culture. Princeton: Markus Wiener.

ArberryArthur John. 1986. The Koran Interpreted: A Translation by A. j. Arberry. New York: George Allen & Unwin Ltd.

Aubaile-SallenaveFrançoise. 2008. ’Akika, El 3 Vol 3: 10.

BakerCynthia M. 2007. Hair. Encyclopedia of sex and gender vol. 2: 667668.

BarthesRoland. 1990. The Fashion System. Berkeley: University of California Press.

BarthesRoland. 2006. Yesodot be-Semiologia. Tel-Aviv: Resling. (in Hebrew).

BartlettRobert. 1990. Symbolic Meanings of Hair in the Middle Ages. Transactions of the Royal Historical Society4: 4360.

BerenbaumMichael and FredSkolnik. 2007. Hillula de-Rabbi Shimon bar Yoḥai, The FestivityEncyclopaedia Judaica (2nd) vol. 9: 119.

BerwardChristopher. 1995. The Culture of Fashion. Manchester: Manchester University Press.

BīluYoram. 2000. mi-Mīla le-Mīla: Havnayat Zehut Gavrīt be-Ṭiqsey Yaldūt ba-Ḥevara ha-Ḥaredīt Alpayim19(2000): 1643. (in Hebrew).

BogatyrevPeter. 1976. Costume as a Sign. In LadislavMatejka and Irwin R.Titunik (eds.) Semiotics of Art pp. 1319. Cambridge: Mass: m.i.t Press.

al-BukhāriMuḥammad b. Isma’il. 1985. Saḥīḥ al-Bukhāri. Bayrūt: Dār al-Kutub al-῾Ilmiyya.

CoatesSimon. 1990. Scissors or Sword: The Symbolism of Medieval Haircut History Today49: 713.

DelaneyCarol. 1986. The Meaning of Paternity and the Virgin Birth Debate. Man21: 494513.

DelaneyCarol. 1990. The Hajj: Sacred and Secular. American Ethnologist3: 512528.

DelaneyCarol. 1994. Untangling the Meanings of Hair in Turkish Society. Anthropological Quarterly67: 152179.

DennyFrederick Mathewson. 1985. An Introduction to Islam. New York: Macmillan.

DouglasMary. 2004. Ṭohar ve-Sakana: Nitu’akh shel ha-Musagīm Zihūm ve-Ṭaboo. Tel-Aviv: Resling. (in Hebrew).

EliasNorbert. 1994. The Civilizing Process: the History of Manners and State Formation and Civilization. Oxford: Blackwell.

Eilberg-SchwartzHoward. 1995. Introduction: The Spectacle of the Female Head. In HowardEilberg-Schwartz and WendyDoniger (eds.) Off With Her Head pp. 114. Berkeley: University of California Press.

GeertzClifford. 1990. Parshanut shel Tarbuyot. Jerusalem: Keter. (in Hebrew).

Al-GhazālīMuḥammad ʼAbū Ḥāmid. 1981. ʼIḥyā’ ῾Ulūm al-Dīn. Bayrūt: Dār al-Ma῾rifa.

KaiserSusan B. 1985. The Social Psychology of Clothing. New York: Macmillan.

HallpikeChristopher R. 1987. HairEncyclopedia of Religion (2nd edition) vol. 6: 154157.

HershmanPaul. 1974. Hair, Sex and DirtMan9: 274298.

HirschHadas. 2011. Personal Grooming and Outward Appearance in Early Muslim Sourcesal-Masaq23: 100116.

HitebeitelAlf. 1998. Introduction. In AlfHitebeitel and BarbaraObeyesekere (eds.) Hair: Its Power and Meaning in Asian Cultures pp. 110. New York: state University of New York Press.

HooverJon. 2016. Fiṭra. El3 Vol. 2: 104106.

ʼIbn ʼAbi DunyāMuḥammad b. ῾Abd ʼAlla. 1990. Kitāb al-Iyāl. al-Su῾ūdiyya: Dār Laban al-Qiyam.

ʼIbn ʼAnasMālik. 1992. al-Muwaṭṭa. Bayrūt: Dār al-Gharb al-Islāmī.

Ibn Basām al-MuḥtasibʼAbū al-Ḥasan ῾Ali. 1988. Nihayat al-Rutba fi Ṭalb al-Ḥisba. Bagdad: Maṭba῾at al-Ma῾arif.

’Ibn Ḥazm‘Ali b. Muḥammad. 1969. Al-Muḥallā. Bayrūt: al-Maktab al-Tijārī li-l-Ṭiba‘a wa-l-Nashr.

ʼIbn al-JawzīʼAbū al-Faraj ῾Abd al-Raḥmān b. ῾Ali. 1984. ʼAḥkām al-Nisāʼ. Bayrūt: Dār al-Jīl.

’Ibn Qudāma‘Abd ’Alla b. ’Aḥmad. 1972. al-Mughnī. Bayrūt: Dār al-Kitāb al-‘Arabī.

’Ibn Sa῾dMuḥammad. 1905–1918. Kitāb al-Ṭabakāt al-kabīr. Leiden: Brill.

Ibn al-’UkhūwaMuḥammad b. ’Aḥmad al-Farashī. 1937. Maālim al-Qūrba. Cambridge: Matba῾at al-funūn.

IrwinRobert. 2012. Journey to Mecca: a History (Part 2) In VenetiaPorter (ed.) Hajj: Journey to the Heart of Islam pp. 136219. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press.

al-JawzīyyaMuḥammad b. ʼAbī Bakr ʼIbn Qayyim. 1961. Tuḥfat al-Mawdūd fi ʼAḥkām al-Mawlūd. D. M.: Sharaf al-Dīn al-Kutubī wa-Awlāduhu.

JuynbollA.H.G. 1986. Dyeing the Hair and Beard in Early Islam: A Hadith Analytical StudyArabica33: 4975.

KennedyHugh. 2012. Journey to Mecca: a History. In VenetiaPorter (ed.) Hajj: Journey to the Heart of Islam pp. 68135. Cambridge, Mass: Harvard University Press.

KisterMeir Jacob. 1994. And He was Born Circumcised: Some Notes on Circumcision in IslamOrient34: 1030.

LaneEdward William. 1980. Lane Arabic English Lexicon. Beirut: Librairie du Liban.

Lazarus-YafeHava. 2006. The Religious Dialectics of the Hajj. In GeraldHawting (ed.) The Development of Islamic Rituals pp.263292. Burlington: Ashgate.

LuftiHuda. 1992. Manners and Costums of Fourteenth-Century Cairene Women: Female Anarchy versus Male Shar’i Order in Muslim Prescriptive Treatises. In Nikki R.Keddie and BethBaron (eds.) Women in Middle Eastern History: Shifting Boundaries in Sex and Gender pp. 99121. New Haven: Yale University Press.

MagenZe’ev. 2005. Virtues of the Flesh: Passion and Purity in Early Islamic Jurisprudence. Leiden: Brill2005.

al-MakkīʼAbū Ṭalib. 1988. Qut al-Qulūb. Bayrūt: Dār al-Kutub al-῾Ilmiyya.

al-MunajjidJamāl. 1969. Jamāl al-MarʼaInda al-Arab. Bayrūt: Dār al-Kitāb al-jadīd.

al-Nasa’ī’Aḥmad b. Shu῾ayb. Ṣaḥīḥ Sunan al-Nasa’i. 1988. al-Riyād: Maktab al-Tarbiya al-῾Arabī.

al-Nawawī’Abū Zakariyā Muḥī al-Dīn. 1966. al-Majmū‘: Sharḥ al-Muhadhdhab. al-Qāhira: Maṭba‘at al-‘Aṣima.

OfekGalia. 2009. Representations of Hair in Victorian Literature and Culture. Burlington: Ashgate2009.

PedersenJ. and W.Juynboll. 1960. ’AkikaEl2 Vol. 1: 337.

Pfluger-SchindlbackIngrid. 2006. On the Symbolism of Hair in Islamic SocietiesAnthropology of the Middle East1: 7288.

PrawnJules. 1994. Mind in Matter: An Introduction to Material Culture Theory and Method. In Susan M.Pearce (ed.) Interpreting Objects and Collections pp. 133138. London: Routledge.

RoffWilliam R. 1985. Pilgrimage and the History of Religions: Theoretical Aspects. In Richard C.Martin (ed.) Approaches to Islam in Religious Studies pp. 7886. Tucson: University of Arizona Press.

RubinNissan. 1997. Qetz ha-Ḥayim: Tiqsey Qvūra ve-Evel bi-Meqorot Ḥazal. Tel-Aviv: ha-Qibutz ha-Meuḥad. (in Hebrew).

RubinNissan. 1995. Reshit ha-Ḥayim: Tiksey Mīla u-Fidyon ha-Ben bi-Mekorot Hazal. Tel-Aviv: ha-Qibutz ha-’Meukhad. (in Hebrew).

SardarZiauddin. 1981. The Spiritual and Physical Dimensions of Hajj: A System Overview. In ZiauddinSardar and M.A.Zaki Badawi (eds.) Hajj Studies pp. 2738. London: Croom Helm for Hajj Research Centre, King Abdul Aziz University, Jeddah.

al-Shayzarī῾Abd al-Raḥmān b. Nāṣir. 1969. Nihayat al-Rutba fī Ṭalab al-Ḥisba. Bayrūt: Dār al-Thaqāfa.

SherrowVictoria. 2006. Encyclopedia of Hair: A Cultural History. Westport, Conn: Greenwood Press.

SmithRobertson. 1966. Kinship and Marriage in Early Arabia. Oosterhout: Anthropological Publications.

SynnotAnthony. 1987. Shame and Glory: A sociology of Hair. The British Journal of Sociology38: 381413.

al-TirmīdhīMuḥammad.b. ῾Issa. 1988. Ṣaḥīḥ Sunan al-Tirmīdhī. al-Riyad: Maktab al-Tarbiya al-῾Arabī.

TurnerTerence. 2012. The Social Skin. hau: Journal of Ethnographic Theory2: 486504.

TurnerVictor. 1969. The Ritual Process. London : Routledge & Kegan Paul.

TurnerVictor. 1974. Dramas Fields and Metaphors. Ithaca n.y.: Cornell University Press.

TurnerVictor. 1978. Image and Pilgrimage in Christian Culture. New York: Columbia University Press.

Van GennepArnold. 1960. The rites of Passage. London : Routledge and K. Paul.

Van KoningsveldSjoerd. 1995. Between Communalism and Secularism. In JanPlatvoet and KarelVan Der Toorn (eds.) Pluralism and Identity pp. 327345. Leiden: Brill.

YoungWilliam C. 1993. The K’aba, Gender, and the Rites of PilgrimageInternational Journal of Middle Eastern Studies25: 285300.

al-WansharīsīʼAḥmad b. Yaḥya. 1981–1983. al-Mi’yar al-Mu’rib wal-Jami’ al-Mu’arib ’an Fatāwa ’Ulāma Ifrīkiya wal-Andalūs wal-Maghrib. Tunīs: Dār al- Maghrib al Islamī.

WeitzRose. 2004. Rapunzel’s Daughters: What women’s Hair Tells Us about Women’s Life. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.

WensinckA. J. 1986. Hadjdjei 2 vol. 3: 3138.

WheelerBranon. 2004. Relics in IslamIslamica11: 107112.

ZayatḤabib. 1958. al-Liḥya fi al-Islāmal-Mashrik52: 678681.

ZdantnySteven. 1999. Hairstyles and Fashion: A Hairdresser’s History of Paris 1910–1920. Oxford: Berg.

ZwemerS.M. 1916. The ‘Akika SacrificeMuslim World6: 236252.

Index Card

Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 21 21 19
Full Text Views 10 10 10
PDF Downloads 2 2 2
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0