Fading Anti-systemicness: Tawhidi Islamists in Turkey

in Sociology of Islam
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?



Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.



Help

Have Institutional Access?



Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



Connect

This article traces a process of modifications undertaken by anti-systemic tawhidi Islamists over two decades. Disillusioned with the failure to capture the state through an Iranian-style mass uprising, tawhidi Islamists began to disengage in large numbers from their holy cause starting from the 1990s. As those who disengaged were co-opted by parliamentarian Islamism, the activists who persisted abandoned their revolutionary approach. In spite of engaging in a tactical revisionism, they retained their non-accommodationist stance vis-à-vis the established political order. Yet, in the late 2000s, they accommodated with the new established order, rendering their anti-systemicness obsolete. The article maintains that (1) despite disengagements, tawhidi Islamism as a movement did not completely vanish, but instead committed core activists continued their mobilization by reevaluating their tactics; (2) accommodation with the status quo became possible as the new established order and its policies were perceived as opportunities toward advancing Islamist mobilization.

Fading Anti-systemicness: Tawhidi Islamists in Turkey

in Sociology of Islam

Sections

References

Armstrong Karen (2001). The Battle for God: A History of Fundamentalism. New York: The Random House Publishing Group.

Arslan Ayşenur and Çakır Ruşen et al (1986). Dinci Gençlikte Patlama NoktaMay 18.

Author’s interview with Hamza Türkmen (2015). Istanbul June 2.

Bayat Asef (2013). Life as Politics . Stanford : Stanford University Press.

Bermeo Nancy (2016). On Democratic Backsliding Journal of Democracy 17(1)January.

BirGün (2017). ‘Furkan Vakfı üyeleri: Zulme razı olmayacağız’ 24 April viewed 26 October 2017https://www.birgun.net/haber-detay/furkan-vakfi-uyeleri-zulme-razi-olmayacagiz-156715.html.

Bulaç Ali (1994). İslam ve Modern Zamanlarda Din-Devlet Ilişkisi [Islam and Religion-State Relationship in Modern Times]Cogito1 p. 77.

Cameron-Moore Simon (2012). ‘Turkey passes school reform law critics view as Islamic30 March viewed 24 October 2017https://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-turkey-education/turkey-passes-school-reform-law-critics-view-as-islamic-idUKBRE82T12D20120330.

Ceyran Büşra (2015). “Yeni Türkiye” ve İslami Mücadelenin Seyri Paneli Düzenlendi Haksöz Haber 12 December viewed 17 October 2016http://www.haksozhaber.net/yeni-turkiye-ve-islami-mucadelenin-seyri-paneli-duzenlendi-69032h.htm.

Cizre Ümit and Çınar Menderes (2003). Turkey 2002: Kemalism, Islamism and Politics in the Light of the February 28 Process, The South Atlantic Quarterly, 102(2/3)Spring/Summer.

Çakır Ruşen (2016). ‘Davutoğlu’ndan sonra Türkiye’de İslamcılık. Halil İbrahim Yenigün ile söyleşi9 May viewed October 24 2016http://medyascope.tv/2016/05/09/davutoglundan-sonra-turkiyede-islamcilik-halil-ibrahim-yenigun-ile-soylesi/.

Çamlıbel Cansu (2014) ‘Council of Europe concerned over government’s ‘hasty’ judicial bill’ 17 January viewed 17 October 2016http://web.hurriyetdailynews.com/council-of-europe-concerned-over-governments-hasty-judicial-bill.aspx?pageID=238&nID=61164&NewsCatID=338.

Değişim (1993). Siyasal parti değil islami hareketJune.

Değişim (1995). Sistemi reddediyoruzMarch-April.

Doyle Jessica Leigh (2016). State control of civil society organization: The case of TurkeyDemocratization24(2) pp. 244264.

Duboc Marie (2013) Egyptian Leftist Intellectuals’ Activism from Margins: Overcoming Mobilization/Demobilization Dichotomy. In Beinin Joel and Vairel Frederic (eds) Social Movements Mobilization and Contestation in the Middle East and North Africa p. 59. Stanford: Stanford University Press 2013).

Duran Burhanettin (2013). Understanding the AK Party’s Identity Politics: A Civilizational Discourse and its LimitationsInsight Turkey15(1).

Erkilet Alev (2004). 1990’larda Türkiye’de Radikal Islamcılık. In Islamcılık. Istanbul: Iletişim Yayınları.

Ertürk Ahmet (1990). Türkiye’de İslami Hareketin Gelişim Süreci: 60 ve 70’li Yıllar, Dünya ve İslam Dergisi, 4Fall.

Filleule Olivier (2013). Demobilization. In The Wiley-Blackwell Encyclopedia of Social and Political Movements p. 1. New Jersey: Blackwell Publishing.

Fillieule Olivier (2015). Disengagement from Radical Organizations. In Movements in Times of Democratic Transition p. 37. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

House Freedom (2014). ‘Freedom of the Press: Turkeyviewed 17 October 2016 https://freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-press/2014/turkey.

Gamson William A. and Meyer David S. (1996). Framing political opportunity. In McAdam Doug McCarthy John D. and Zald Mayer N. (eds) Comparative Perspectives on Social Movements p. 282. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Göle Nilüfer (2000). Melez Desenler. Istanbul: Metis Yayınları.

Haksöz Dergisi (2004). Başörtüsü Zulmüne Son! 163October.

Haksöz Dergisi (2012). Kemalist Vesayet Bitti mi? 251February.

Haksöz Dergisi (2004). Oligarşinin Tehdit Söylemlerine Halktan Prim Yok! 157April.

Haksöz Dergisi (1996). RP Düzene Alternatif Değil Koltuğa Talip Olduğunu Gösterdi! 64July.

Haksöz Dergisi (2004). Sivilleşme Sancısı ile Devletleşme Tehlikesi Arasında Ak Parti’nin 1 Yılı, 154–155January/February.

Haksöz Dergisi (2011). Vesayet Rejimine Yeni Bir Darbe Olarak 12 Haziran Seçimleri 244July.

Haksöz Dergisi (2013). Yasakların Dayatmaların Kaldırılması Kazanımımız; İslami Temelde Bir Sosyal-Siyasal Düzenin İnşası Hedefimizdir! 272November.

Haber Haksöz (2013). ‘Allah’ın Adını Yüceltmek İçin Kıyam Edenler Her Halükarda Kazanmışlardır!’ March viewed 24 October 2016http://www.haksozhaber.net/okul/article_detail.php?id=6765.

Haber Haksöz (2015). ‘“Aydın” Olmak İçin “Muhalif Olmak Gerekir” Tuzağı..’ 5 May viewed 25 October 2016 http://www.haksozhaber.net/aydin-olmak-icin-muhalif-olmak-gerekir-tuzagi-60404h.htm.

Haber Haksöz (2017). ‘Bağımsız İslami Kimlik ve İktidarla İlişki’ 5 March viewed 17 April 2017http://www.haksozhaber.net/bagimsiz-islami-kimlik-ve-iktidarla-iliski-90428h.htm.

Haber Haksöz (2014). ‘Bugünün Kerbelası’ 21 November viewed 24 October 2016http://www.haksozhaber.net/bugunun-kerbelasi-28638yy.htm.

Haber Haksöz (2016). ‘“Cahili Ortamlarda Toplumsal Değişim”’ 20 April viewed 25 October 2016 http://www.haksozhaber.net/cahili-ortamlarda-toplumsal-degisim-75463h.htm.

Haber Haksöz (2015). ‘Hıyanet’ı Katmerleştiren Müthiş Bir Gözükaralılık’ 1 May viewed 25 October 2016http://www.haksozhaber.net/hiyaneti-katmerlestiren-muthis-bir-gozukaralilik-29042yy.htm.

Haber Haksöz (2014). ‘Önceliğimiz Ümmetin Maslahatı Olmalıdır!’ January viewed 24 October 2016http://www.haksozhaber.net/okul/article_detail.php?id=6957.

Haber Haksöz (2013). ‘Özgür-Der’in Suriye Gecesinde Yükselen Nida: Direnen Suriye Halkıyla İftihar Ediyoruz!’ April viewed 24 October 2016http://www.haksozhaber.net/okul/article_detail.php?id=6796.

Haber Haksöz (2014). ‘Özgür-Der Üniversite Gençliği ‘İlkeler ve Hareket’i Konuştu’ 18 May viewed 18 October 2016http://www.haksozhaber.net/ozgur-der-universite-gencligi-ilkeler-ve-hareketi-konustu-47936h.htm.

Haber Haksöz (2015). ‘Seçilmek ve Kefen Giyme Bilinci’ 15 April viewed 24 October 2016http://www.haksozhaber.net/secilmek-ve-kefen-giyme-bilinci-28987yy.htm.

Hürriyet (2012). ‘Dindar gençlik yetiştireceğiz’ 2 February viewed 24 October 2016http://www.hurriyet.com.tr/dindar-genclik-yetistirecegiz-19825231.

Insel Ahmet (2011). Sorun AKP mi Erdoğan mi RadikalFebruary 15.

İnsel Ahmet (2015). ‘Yeni Türkiye’nin Mayası İmam-Hatip mi?’ 30 April viewed 17 October 2016http://www.cumhuriyet.com.tr/koseyazisi/265787/Yeni_Turkiye_nin_Mayasi_imam-Hatip_mi_.html.

Analiz Islami (2017). ‘Hizb-ut Tahrir’le başlayan gözaltılar İLKAV’a da uzandı’ 10 March viewed 22 October 2017http://www.islamianaliz.com/haber/hizb-ut-tahrirle-baslayan-gozaltilar-ilkava-da-uzandi-50048#sthash.AXFmX1Ho.dpbs.

Kara Ismail (2003). Şeyhefendi’nin Rüyasındaki Türkiye. Istanbul: Dergah Yayınları.

Karakaş Cemal (2007). Turkey: Islam and Laicism between the Interests of StatePolitics and Society Peace Research Institute Frankfurt Reports78 p. 20.

Kaya Ayhan (2015). Islamization of Turkey under the AKP rule: Empowering Family, Faith and CharitySouth European Society and Politics20(1) pp. 4769.

Kaya Rıdvan (1996). Sistem ve Sisteme Karşı Tavır Haksöz Dergisi 59February.

Kepel Gilles (2003). Jihad: The Trail of Political Islam. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Keyman Fuat (2010). Endişeli Modernler RadikalOctober 24.

Kingdon John W. (1984). Agendas Alternatives and Public Policies . Boston: Little, Brown.

Kirdis Esen (2015). The role of Foreign Policy in Constructing the Party Identity of the AKP Turkish Studies16(2) pp. 178194.

Levitsky Steven and Way Lucan A. (201). Competitive Authoritarianism . New York: Cambridge University Press.

Meijer Roel (ed) (2009). Global Salafism . New York: Columbia University Press.

Metiner Mehmet (2004). Yemyeşil Şeriat Bembeyaz Demokrasi. Istanbul: Doğan Kitapçılık.

Meyer David S. (2004). Protest and Political OpportunitiesAnnual Review of Sociology30 pp. 125145.

Meyer David S. (2003). ‘Social Movements and Public Policy: Eggs Chicken and Theory’ 15 January viewed 26 October 2016https://escholarship.org/uc/item/2m62b74d#main.

Gazete Milli (1990). Refah Partisi 3 . Kongresi [The Welfare Party’s Third Congress]12 October.

Milliyet (2013). ‘Erdoğan ‘andımız’ın neden kaldırıldığını açıkladı’ 8 October viewed 14 October 2017 http://www.milliyet.com.tr/erdogan-dan-partililere-gonderme/siyaset/detay/1774517/default.htm.

Müftüoğlu Atasoy (1993). Devleti önce yüreklerde kuralımYeni Zemin p. 26.

Nokta (1992). Interview with Erbakan November 814.

Nokta (1986). MüslümanlaşıyoruzOctober 19.

Özbudun Ergun (2014). AKP at the Crossroads: Erdogan’s Majoritarian DriftSouth European Society and Politics19(2) pp. 155167.

Özgür-Der (2015). ‘Muhalif Tutumdan Devleti Sahiplenmeye mi?1 February viewed 23 October 2016http://www.ozgurder.org/news_detail.php?id=3836.

Özkan Behlul (2014). Turkey, Davutoğlu, and the Idea of Pan-Islamism, Survival, 56(4)August-September pp. 119140.

Pamak Mehmet (1994). Müslümanlara ilkesizlik yakışmıyorIktibasApril.

Roy Olivier (1994). The Failure of Political Islam . Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Radikal (2007). Basbakan Erdoğan: Laikliği SavunuyorumOctober 14.

Ryan Charlotte and Gamson William A. (2015). Are Frames Enough. In Goodwin Jeff and Jasper James M. The Social Movements Reader p. 137. New Jersey: Wiley Blackwell.

Sayyid Qutb (n.d.). Milestones. Syria: Dar al-ʻIlm.

Schwedler Jillian (2006). Faith in Moderation . New York: Cambridge University Press.

Siel Mustafa (2013). İslami Hareketlerin Bireyler ve Yapılar Bazında En Temel Meseleleri Haksöz Dergisi 265April.

Smith Christian (1996). Disruptive Religion: The Force of Faith in Social Movement Activism. New York: Routledge.

Somer Murat (2007). Moderate Islam and Secularist Opposition in Turkey: Implications for the World, Muslims and Secular DemocracyThird World Quarterly28(7) pp. 12711289.

Tamimi S. Azzam (2001). Rachid Ghannoushi: A Democrat within Islamism . New York: Oxford University Press.

Tarrow Sidney (1998). Power in Movement. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Taylor Verta (1989). Social Movement Continuity: The Women’s Movement in Abeyance, American Sociological Review, 54(5)October p. 772.

Toprak Binnaz (2010). Endişeli Modernler ve Sınırlayıcı Tanımlamalar Üzerine RadikalDecember 13.

Tremblay Pinar (2013). ‘The AKP’s accountability crisis’ 16 December viewed 17 October 2016https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2013/12/akp-accountability-crisis.html.

Tuğal Cihan (2009). Passive Revolution: Absorbing the Islamic Challenge to Capitalism. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Turam Berna (2012). Are Rights and Liberties Safe? Journal of Democracy 23(1)January.

Türkmen Hamza (2005) ‘Ak Parti İslami Aidiyetleri Eritiyor’ 5 May viewed 2 January 2016http://www.kardeslereli.org/haber/1930-ak-parti-islami-aidiyetleri-eritiyor.html.

Türkmen Hamza (1997). Hazırlık Aşaması Merhamecilik ve Karşılaşılan Sorunlar Haksöz Dergisi 79October.

Türkmen Hamza (1998). Tevhidi Bilinçlenme Süreci Milliyetçi-Mukaddesatçı Çizgiyi İkinci Kez Aşmalıdır Haksöz Dergisi 89August.

Türkmen Hamza (1996). Türkiyecilik Sapması Haksöz Dergisi 64July.

Türkmen Hamza (2008). Türkiye’de İslamcılığın Kökleri. Istanbul: Ekin Yayınları.

Türkmen Hamza (2000). Türkiye’de Tevhidi Uyanışa Verilen Hizmet: Düşünce Dergisi Haksöz Dergisi 106January.

Türkmen Hamza (2012). Vahyi Siyaset ile Reel Siyaset Arasında İslamcılık Tartışmaları Haksöz Dergisi 259October.

TV24 (2013). İhsan Dağı: AKP post-modern otoriter October 31 viewed 16 October 2017 http://t24.com.tr/haber/ihsan-dagi-akp-post-modern-otoriter243013.

Ulustan Ümmete (2013). ‘H.ALBAYRAK-B.YILDIRIM-YASİN AKTAY-C’ 21 January viewed 24 October 2016 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wAx1Wpt61b8.

Üzer Musa (2013). AK Parti ve İslamcıların Sisteme Eklemlenmesi Meselesi Haksöz Dergisi 262January.

Vatan (2010). Interview with Nuray MertJanuary 4.

Washington Post (2002). A Devout Muslim a Secular StateNovember 10.

Whalen J. and Flacks R. (1989). Beyond the Barricades. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

Yavuz Hakan (1997). Political Islam and the Welfare Party in Turkey, Comparative Politics 30(1) October pp. 6382.

Yassine Abdessalam (2000). Winning the Modern World for Islam . Iowa: Justice and Spirituality Publishing.

Yeşil Kamil (2016). Şura-Tevhit-Hicret gazeteleri ve İslami düşüncede Radikal Tavır [The Newspapers Shura-Tawhid-Hijra and Radical Stance in the Islamic Thought] . In 1960–1980 Arası İslamcı Dergiler [Islamist Periodicals between 1960 and 1980] pp. 419438. Istanbul: İlem Kitaplığı.

Zengin Ertuğrul (2016). Akıncı Güç ve Akıncılar Dergilerinde Tartışmanın Şiddeti ve Şiddetin Dili. In 1960–1980 Arası İslamcı Dergiler [Islamist Periodicals between 1960 and 1980] p. 394. Istanbul: İlem Kitaplığı.

Information

Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 45 45 25
Full Text Views 69 69 46
PDF Downloads 3 3 1
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0