This article traces a process of modifications undertaken by anti-systemic tawhidi Islamists over two decades. Disillusioned with the failure to capture the state through an Iranian-style mass uprising, tawhidi Islamists began to disengage in large numbers from their holy cause starting from the 1990s. As those who disengaged were co-opted by parliamentarian Islamism, the activists who persisted abandoned their revolutionary approach. In spite of engaging in a tactical revisionism, they retained their non-accommodationist stance vis-à-vis the established political order. Yet, in the late 2000s, they accommodated with the new established order, rendering their anti-systemicness obsolete. The article maintains that (1) despite disengagements, tawhidi Islamism as a movement did not completely vanish, but instead committed core activists continued their mobilization by reevaluating their tactics; (2) accommodation with the status quo became possible as the new established order and its policies were perceived as opportunities toward advancing Islamist mobilization.
Cameron-MooreSimon (2012). ‘Turkey passes school reform law critics view as Islamic’ 30 March viewed24 October 2017https://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-turkey-education/turkey-passes-school-reform-law-critics-view-as-islamic-idUKBRE82T12D20120330.
CeyranBüşra (2015). “Yeni Türkiye” ve İslami Mücadelenin Seyri Paneli Düzenlendi Haksöz Haber 12 December viewed 17 October 2016http://www.haksozhaber.net/yeni-turkiye-ve-islami-mucadelenin-seyri-paneli-duzenlendi-69032h.htm.
ÇakırRuşen (2016). ‘Davutoğlu’ndan sonra Türkiye’de İslamcılık. Halil İbrahim Yenigün ile söyleşi’ 9 May viewedOctober 24 2016http://medyascope.tv/2016/05/09/davutoglundan-sonra-turkiyede-islamcilik-halil-ibrahim-yenigun-ile-soylesi/.
Çamlıbel Cansu (2014) ‘Council of Europe concerned over government’s ‘hasty’ judicial bill’ 17 January viewed 17October 2016http://web.hurriyetdailynews.com/council-of-europe-concerned-over-governments-hasty-judicial-bill.aspx?pageID=238&nID=61164&NewsCatID=338.
Değişim (1993). Siyasal parti değil islami hareketJune.
DubocMarie (2013) Egyptian Leftist Intellectuals’ Activism from Margins: Overcoming Mobilization/Demobilization Dichotomy. In BeininJoel and VairelFrederic (eds) Social Movements Mobilization and Contestation in the Middle East and North Africa p. 59. Stanford: Stanford University Press 2013).
GamsonWilliam A. and MeyerDavid S. (1996). Framing political opportunity. In McAdamDougMcCarthyJohn D. and ZaldMayer N. (eds) Comparative Perspectives on Social Movements p. 282. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
HaberHaksöz (2014). ‘Özgür-Der Üniversite Gençliği ‘İlkeler ve Hareket’i Konuştu’ 18 May viewed 18 October 2016http://www.haksozhaber.net/ozgur-der-universite-gencligi-ilkeler-ve-hareketi-konustu-47936h.htm.
AnalizIslami (2017). ‘Hizb-ut Tahrir’le başlayan gözaltılar İLKAV’a da uzandı’ 10 March viewed 22 October 2017http://www.islamianaliz.com/haber/hizb-ut-tahrirle-baslayan-gozaltilar-ilkava-da-uzandi-50048#sthash.AXFmX1Ho.dpbs.
YeşilKamil (2016). Şura-Tevhit-Hicret gazeteleri ve İslami düşüncede Radikal Tavır [The Newspapers Shura-Tawhid-Hijra and Radical Stance in the Islamic Thought]. In 1960–1980 Arası İslamcı Dergiler [Islamist Periodicals between 1960 and 1980]
pp. 419–438. Istanbul: İlem Kitaplığı.
ZenginErtuğrul (2016). Akıncı Güç ve Akıncılar Dergilerinde Tartışmanın Şiddeti ve Şiddetin Dili. In 1960–1980 Arası İslamcı Dergiler [Islamist Periodicals between 1960 and 1980] p. 394. Istanbul: İlem Kitaplığı.