Soviet Assessments of China after Mao

in The Soviet and Post-Soviet Review
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This article examines Soviet analyses of the economic reforms that China implemented during the 1980s under Deng Xiaoping. Many historians have argued that Soviet economic reform efforts during the Perestroika era might have been more successful had the Kremlin more closely followed Chinese efforts. This article shows that Soviet economists and sinologists carefully studied China’s reforms to agriculture, industry, and foreign investment law. By the mid-1980s, the article suggests, a significant section of the Soviet intelligentsia believed that China’s market-based economic reforms were working and that the Soviet Union should learn from them.

Soviet Assessments of China after Mao

in The Soviet and Post-Soviet Review

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References

2

Peter NolanChina’s Rise Russia’s Fall and the Transition from Stalinism (New York: St. Martin’s1995); Aganbegyan Inside Perestroika (New York: Harper & Row 1990) p. 115. Hough Democratization and Revolution (Washington: Brookings Institution Press 1997) p. 137.

5

LukinThe Bear Watching the Dragon p. 144; Mikhail S. KapitsaNa Raznykh Parallelakh: Zapiski Diplomata (Moskva: Kniga i biznes 1996); Anatoly Chernayev’s diary eg. May 29 1982 online at http://www2.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/rus/text_files/Chernyaev/1982.pdf.

30

Qtd in Sergey RadchenkoUnwanted Visionaries (New York: Oxford University Press2014) p. 14.

31

Ibid. p. 15.

34

Ibid. p. 217.

36

Qtd in RadchenkoUnwanted Visionaries p. 17.

39

Ibid. p. 53.

42

Ibid. p. 51.

43

Ibid. p. 48.

46

Ibid. p. 4–5.

47

Ibid. p. 5.

49

Ibid. p. 5–6.

50

L. M. Gudoshnikov Jan. 30 1980aran f. 1970 o. 2 d. 25 l. 32–38 p. 4.

55

Ibid. p. 36.

56

Ibid. p. 37.

60

ShirkThe Political Logic of Economic Reform in China (Berkeley: University of California Press1993) p. 199; Kelliher Peasant Power in China (New Haven: Yale University Press1992) p. 12; Lijian Hong "Provincial Leadership and its Strategy Toward the Acquisition of Foreign Investment in Sichuan" in Cheung et. al. ed. Provincial Strategies for Economic Reform in Post Mao China (Armonk ny: M. E. Sharpe 1998) p. 372–411.

63

Ibid. p. 2.

64

Ibid. p. 3–4.

71

Huang YashengCapitalism with Chinese Characteristics (New York: Cambridge University Press2008).

73

Ibid. p. 74.

77

Ibid. p. 76–77.

83

Peter NolanChina’s Rise Russia’s Fall and the Transition from Stalinism (New York: St. Martin’s1995); Aganbegyan Inside Perestroika 115. Hough Democratization and Revolution 137; Burlatsky "Vostochnaia evropa i my" Literaturnaia Gazeta Jul. 4 1990 15; Abalkin’s comments in L. Chernoshkur "‘Is the Government Wrong?’ L. I. Abalkin Answers Foreign Correspondents’ Questions" Komsomolskaya Pravda Feb. 23 1990 1 trans. in fbis-sov-90–093 68 Feb. 27 1990 Abram Bergson Papers box 5 folder "General" Harvard University Archives.

87

Ibid. p. 59 63.

88

Ibid. p. 63.

89

Ibid. p. 62.

93

Ibid. p. 73.

97

Ibid. p. 74.

100

Ibid. p. 76–7.

101

Ibid. p. 77. Earlier reports dissented; see for example P. B. Kapralovy ibid. l. 14.

102

Volkova p. 76–7.

103

Ibid. p. 77–78.

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