Heimlich/unheimlich

Outlining the Influence of Spiritan Worldviews in the Work of Angolan Pioneer Photographers José Moraes and Elmano Costa

In: Social Sciences and Missions

The Catholic missions of the Congregation of the Holy Spirit have had a strong bearing on the development of Angolan Christianity, especially from the 1890’s onwards. This period coincided with the introduction of photography to the colony. While it has been established that individual Spiritans collaborated with pioneer photographers, the Congregation’s influence on the content of early Angolan “photographic archives” is still largely unconsidered. This study will trace the missionaries’ influence in the work of José Augusto Cunha Moraes (1855–1933) and Elmano Cunha e Costa (1892–1955). Particular attention will be paid to the way these photographers echoed the missionaries’ worldview by portraying their missions as ‘cozy’ places and naturalizing a specific, gendered division of labor.

  • 3

    Banks and Vokes“Introduction: Anthropology …” p. 339 Heintze “In pursuit of a chameleon …” pp. 131–132.

  • 4

    Heintze“In pursuit of a chameleon …” pp. 131–132.

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    Dias“Photographic sources …” pp. 68–72 Heintze “In pursuit of a chameleon …” pp. 145–146. For a more recent account of Cunha Moraes’ life and work see Pereira Maria de Fátima Casa Fotografia Moraes – A Modernidade Fotográfica na Obra dos Cunha Moraes Master thesis Porto: University of Porto 2001. For Elmano Cunha e Costa’s biography see Castelo Cláudia and Mateus Catarina “ “Etnografia Angolana” (1935–1939): histórias da coleção fotográfica de Elmano Cunha e Costa” in Lowndes (ed.) O Império da Visão … pp. 85–106.

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  • 23

    Florescu“Post-abolition Angola …” p. 68.

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    Florescu“Post-abolition Angola …” pp. 68–69.

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    Florescu“Post-abolition Angola …” pp. 78–80 Martin “Life and death …” pp. 71–74 Vos “Child Slaves and Freemen …”.

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  • 34

    Santos and Torrão“Missões Religiosas …” pp. 84 98–99. See also Boletim da Sociedade de Geographia de Lisboa Vol. 3 (3) 1882 p. 131.

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  • 56

    Dias“Photographic sources …” p. 78.

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    Dias“Photographic sources …” p. 79.

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    These numbers were collected in April 2016. For a brief discussion of the categories used by Cunha e Costa as tags in his legends see Castelo and Mateus “ ‘Etnografia Angolana …’ ” pp. 103–104.

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    Castelo and Mateus“ ‘Etnografia Angolana …’ ” pp. 98–102.

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    MeillassouxMaidens Meal and Money pp. xiii 89–137.

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    ThompsonLight on Darkness? pp. 165–206.

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    Santos and Torrão“Missões Religiosas …” pp. 103–105.

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    Banks and Vokes“Introduction: Anthropology …” p. 339 Heintze “In pursuit of a chameleon …” pp. 131–132.

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