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Do Accidents Need a Substrate? Critical Edition of al-Ḥasan al-Raṣṣāṣ’s Masʾala fī kayfiyyat wujūd al-aʿrāḍ

In: Shii Studies Review
Authors:
Mostafa Ahmadi Independent Researcher

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Hassan Ansari Visiting Professor, School of Historical Studies, Islamic Law and Theology, Institute for Advanced Study Princeton NJ USA

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3048-8399
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Jan Thiele Ramón y Cajal Fellow, Instituto de Lenguas y Culturas del Mediterráneo y Oriente Próximo, CSIC Madrid Spain

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https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8865-5997
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Abstract

This article offers an editio princeps of al-Ḥasan al-Raṣṣāṣ’s Masʾala fī kayfiyyat wujūd al-aʿrāḍ. In this text, al-Raṣṣāṣ argues in accordance with the Bahshamī theory that not all accidents need a substrate (maḥall). Although most accidents depend on atoms as their locus of inherence, there are three exceptions: the accident of “annihilation” (fanāʾ), whose existence in a substrate is inconceivable, and “will” (irāda) and “aversion” (karāha), which either subsist in a human body or exist without a substrate in the case of God.

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