The Lebanese amber is still the oldest for Gondwanaland and its fauna is relatively well studied; as to date about 180 taxa have been described from this material. Nevertheless, the formation of the different Lebanese amberiferous outcrops is not yet clearly understood. We propose a new hypothesis and interpretation for the formation of amber deposits in the Late Jurassic and Lower Cretaceous Lebanese sediments. We thus evoke the evolution of the stratigraphy and the geodynamical context that lead to the amber deposition. Indeed, tectonic complexity of what is now a part of the Middle East area existed since the Precambrian times and is still modeling its geology. We redefine as well Lebanon during the formation of its amber deposits, but we do not conclude on the real age of this amber.
Al AbdallaA., BarrierE., MatarA., KhatibM. and MullerC.. 2007. Tectonic evolution of the Arabian platform in Syria. In: HenryB., HombergC., MrouehM., HandonW. and HigaziF. (eds). International symposium on Middle East Basin evolution. Abstract. Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, MEBE 38:69 pp.
AmirehB.S.1994. Heavy and clay minerals as tools in solving stratigraphic problems: A case study from Disi Sandstone (Early Ordovician) and the Kurnub Sandstone (Early Cretaceous) of Jordan. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Monatshefte H.4:205–222.
AzarD. and NelA.. 2001. New Cretaceous psychodid flies from Lebanese amber and Chapada do Arraripe, Santana formation (Brazil) (Insecta: Diptera: Psychosidae). Annales de la Société Entomologie de France38:253–262.
BarazangiM., SeberD., Al-SaadD. and SawafT.. 1992. Structure of the intracontinental Palmyride mountain belt in Syria and its relationship to nearby Arabian plate boundaries. Proceedings of the 1st International Symposium on Eastern Mediterranean Geology, Bulletin of Earth Sciences20:111–118.
BarazangiM., SeberD., ChaimovT., BestJ., LitakR., Al-SaadD. and SawafT.. 1993. Tectonic evolution of the northern Arabian plate in western Syria, pp.117-140. In: BoschiE., MantovaniE. and MorelliA. (eds). Recent evolution and seismicity of the Mediterranean region. Kluwer Academic Publishers, NATO ASI Series, The Netherlands, 422 pp.
ChaimovT. A., BarazangiM., Al-SaadD., SawafT. and KhaddourM.. 1993. Seismic fabric and 3-D upper crustal structure of the southwestern intracontinental Palmyride fold belt, Syria. American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin77:2032–2047.
ChaimovT.A., BarazangiM., Al-SaadD., SawafT. and GebranA..1992. Mesozoic and Cenozoic deformation inferred from seismic stratigraphy in the southwestern intracontinental Palmyride fold-thrust belt. Geological Society of America Bulletin104:704–715.
Engel. M.S., NelA., AzarD., SorianoC., TafforeauP., NéraudeauD., ColinJ.-P. and PerrichotV.. 2011. New, primitive termites (isopteran) from Early Cretaceous ambers of France and Lebanon. Palaeodiversity4:39–49.
PhilippeM., BamfordM., McLoughlinS., AlvesL.S.R., Falcon-LangH.J., GnaedingerS., OttoneE.G., PoleM., RajanikanthA., ShoemakerR.E., TorresT. and ZamunerA.. 2004. Biogeographic analysis of Jurassic - Early Cretaceous wood assemblages from Gondwana. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology129(3):141–173.
ReynoldsP.O., SchandelmeierH. and SemtnerA.K.. 1997. Palaeogeographic-paleotectonic atlas of the northern Africa, Arabica and adjacent areas, Late Proterozoic to Holocene (plates and explanatory notes). In: SchandelmeierH., ReynoldsP.O. and SemtnerA.K. (eds), Aabalkena/ Rotterdam/ Bookfield, 160 pp. and 17 maps.
SeberD., BarazangiM., ChaimovT., Al-SaadD., SawafT. and KhaddourM.. 1993. Upper crustal velocity structure and basement morphology beneath the intercontinental Palmyride fold-thrust belt and north Arabian platform in Syria, Geophysical Journal International113:752–766.
WalleyC.D.2001. The Lebanon passive margin and the evolution of the Levantine Neo-Tethys. In: ZieglerP.A., CavazzaW., RobertsonA.H.F. and Crasquin-SoleauS. (eds), Peri-Tethyan rift/wrench basins and passive margins. Mémoires du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle186:407–439.