Conservation status of United States tiger beetles

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This study evaluates the conservation status of all of the United States species and subspecies of tiger beetles on the basis of the published literature, unpublished reports, museum and private collections, our personal field work and contact with collectors. We provide a brief summary of the status of the four species already listed and the two candidates for listing by the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service. We indicate three taxa believed to be extinct and evaluate 62 others that we deem sufficiently rare to be considered for listing as endangered or threatened. We used a 1, 2, 3 grading system that is generally comparable to the terminology of critically imperiled, imperiled, and vulnerable designations, respectively, used in NatureServe Explorer. Fifty-two of these taxa are from the western states and Texas and most of them are named subspecies with extremely limited distributions and habitats. We assigned seven taxa a 1+ grade, our highest level of rarity and/or threats; of these there is presently sufficient information available to consider two of them-- Cicindelidia floridana Cartwright and Cicindela tranquebarica joaquinensis Knisley and Haines-- as the U. S. forms most in danger of extinction. Future prospects for conservation and listing of tiger beetles seem bleak because of the limited budget and personnel available for Endangered Species in the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the current economic and political climate in the United States.

Conservation status of United States tiger beetles

in Terrestrial Arthropod Reviews

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References

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Figures

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    Distribution of rare tiger beetles in the western United States. Colors/grids indicate the total number of taxa (see legend) per county. This map is published in color in the online version.

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    Distribution of rare tiger beetles in Arizona.

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    Distribution of rare tiger beetles in New Mexico and west Texas.

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    Dorsal view of rare tiger beetles. A. Ellipsoptera nevadica citata, B. Cicindelidia willistoni sulfontis, C. Habrosceliomorpha fulgoris erronea, D. Cicindela pimeriana, E. Cicindela hirticollis corpusculata, F. Cicindela formosa rutilovirescens. This figure is published in color in the online version.

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    Distribution of Cicindela hirticollis corpusculata.

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    Distribution of Habrosceliomorpha praetextata praetextata.

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    Distribution of Ellipsoptera nevadica tubensis, Cicindela theatina, C. formosa gibsoni, and C. scutellaris yampae.

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    Dorsal view of rare tiger beetles. A. Cicindela fulgida rumpii, B. Cicindelidia willistoni estancia, C. Habrosceliomorpha praetextata albilata, D. Ellipsoptera nevadica olmosa, E. Cicindela togata fascinans, F. Cicindelidia politula barbaraanae. This figure is published in color in the online version.

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    Dorsal view of rare tiger beetles. A. Cicindelidia politula viridimonticola, B. Habrosceliomorpha gabbii, C. Cicindela latesignata, D. Cicindela hirticollis gravida, E. Cylindera terricola continua, F. Cicindela tranquebarica joaquinensis. This figure is published in color in the online version.

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    Dorsal view of rare tiger beetles. A. Cicindela tranquebarica viridissima, B. Omus submetallicus, C. Cicindela formosa gibsoni, D. Cicindela theatina, E. Cicindela decemnotatabonnevillensis, F. Cicindela decemnotata montevolans. This figure is published in color in the online version.

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    Photographs of live tiger beetles in their natural environment. A. Cicindelidia trifasciata sigmoidea, B. Cicindela waynei, C. Cicindelidia cazieri, D. Cicindelidia floridana, E. Cicindela patruela, F. Cicindelidia marginipennis. This figure is published in color in the online version.

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    Dorsal view of rare tiger beetles. A. Cicindela arenicola, B. Cicindela columbica C. Cicindela hirticollis siuslawensis, D. Microthylax olivacea, E. Cicindela patruela consentanea, F. Cicindelidia rufiventris hentzi. This figure is published in color in the online version.

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    Distribution of rare tiger beetles in southern California.

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    Distribution of rare tiger beetles in central and northern California.

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    Distribution of rare tiger beetles in Utah.

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    Distribution of rare tiger beetles in Idaho.

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    Distribution of rare tiger beetles in Washington and Oregon.

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    Distribution of rare tiger beetles in Texas.

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