This study focuses on the meiguo hanhua (美國韓華), ethnic Chinese immigrants from Korea who migrated to the u.s., and their ethnic identities, in particular, on how they evolved into meiguo hanhua, a new sub-ethnic group of Chinese, instead of identifying themselves simply as Chinese Americans. By employing the concept of a floating ethnic identity, this study illustrates the specific historical circumstances and situations in which meiguo hanhua ethnic identities were formed, molded and redefined. It especially concerns how such identities continually adopt, struggle, and negotiate within changing global environments such as the rise of the Chinese economy and the Taiwanization of the Republic of China as well as their personal concerns such as aging and emotional attachment to Shandong province, their imagined homeland. (This article is in English.)
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Beginning from1990, the Taiwan government adopted the Taiwanization or Taiwan-first policy; this redefined its political legitimation, moving away from its historical claim on the people in mainland China to a claim on the people in Taiwan only. This policy includes the reduction or abolishment of seats for overseas Chinese in its Legislative Yuan and reducing the special quarter in the college entrance exams. For the details see Pei-te Lien and Dean Chen, “The Evolution of Taiwan’s Policies towards the Political Participation of Citizens Abroad in Homeland Governance” in Routledge Handbook of the Chinese Diaspora, ed. Chee-Beng Tan, (New York: Routledge, 2013), 52–54.