The Economic Activities of the Ethnic Chinese in Incheon in the mid-1930s: Findings from the dcai Archives (20世紀30年代中期仁川華僑的經濟活動—以仁川華僑協會所藏資料為中心)

in Translocal Chinese: East Asian Perspectives
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This article examines the ‘Documents owned by the Ethnic Chinese Association of Incheon’ (hereafter: dcai) and looks which light these shed on the economic activities of the ethnic Chinese in Incheon in the mid-1930s. The dcai materials provide important insights into the economic structure and into the activities in which the ethnic Chinese were involved in Incheon during the 1930s. I have reviewed the economic roles played by the ethnic Chinese residents of Incheon in the mid-1930s by using dcai materials. Previous studies have revealed that the economic activities of the ethnic Chinese in Korea in the 1930s diminished, and imports from China decreased as a result of the anti-Chinese riots, which occurred in July 1931. In this paper, I have shown that the ethnic Chinese in Incheon were no exception. The amount of remittances that Chinese merchants sent back to China decreased considerably, and import goods from China, particularly from Shanghai, also went through a sudden decrease. Consequently, the ethnic Chinese representative commercial firms went bankrupt in succession. (This article is in English.)

本文探討了仁川華僑協會所藏的資料,分析了20世紀30年代中期仁川華僑的經濟活動。該資料總結硏討了30年代仁川華僑的經濟構造和經濟活動,作爲極有價値的原始資料得到了很高的評價。本文首先利用該資料對30年代中期各行業的仁川華僑在經濟上的作用進行了分析。先行硏究的結果已表明,30年代朝鮮華僑的貿易與商業活動由于1931年的排華事件而大爲減少,本次硏究結果證明仁川華僑也不例外。仁川華僑的對中滙款額和進口額急据地縮減,因此仁川華僑企業總數也急据地減少。

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