1Mr. Francisco Letamendia, born in 1944, is a Professor in the Department of Political Sciences, University of the Basque Country, Bilbao. He received his Ph.D. from the University of Paris 8. His specialist fields are comparative
nationalism, political violence and the construction of Europe. He has written a muti-volume work on the history of Basque nationalism, a comparative work on the conflicts center-periphery across the world, and has co-edited a study of cross-border cooperation between Euskadi and Aquitaine.