The Professionalization of Philosophy and the Criteria of Philosophical Knowledge

in Transcultural Studies
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?



Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.



Help

Have Institutional Access?



Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?



Connect

In this paper, I investigate the issue of the professionalization of philosophy, taking as my starting point the debate triggered by the publication of Diego Marconi’s monograph, Il mestiere di pensare (Thinking as a Trade, 2014). This debate about the state of the art of Italian philosophy and the increased tendency towards specialization in philosophy is still on-going. It raises the issue of how to understand the putative split between analytic and continental philosophy, and how to establish standards or criteria for evaluating the quality of philosophical research. I conclude by posing the question about what needs to change in our knowledge practices and suggest that what is needed is an overhauling of our conceptions of trust, reliance, testimony, and justice, with a view to re-defining how social identity affects the way we operate in philosophical practice and how we establish our credibility.

The Professionalization of Philosophy and the Criteria of Philosophical Knowledge

in Transcultural Studies

Sections

References

AndersonE.2012Epistemic Justice as a Virtue of Social Institutions’Social Epistemology 26 (2): 16373.

AntonyL.2012Different Voices or Perfect Storm: Why are there so few Women in Philosophy?’Journal of Social Philosophy 43 (3): 227255.

CuddA. E.2005Missionary Positions’Hypatia: A Journal of Feminist Philosophy 20 (4): 164182.

FreelandC.1994Nourishing Speculation: A Feminist Reading of Aristotelian Science’ in Engendering Origins: Critical Feminist Readings in Plato and Aristotle ed. OnBat-Ami Bar (Albany: State University of New York Press) 14546.

FrickerM.2007Epistemic Injustice: Power and the Ethics of Knowing (Oxford: University Press).

HamlynD. W.1992Being a Philosopher: The History of a Practice ( London: Routledge).

HaslangerS.2000Gender and Race: (What) Are They? (What) Do We Want Them To Be?Noûs 34 (1)(2000): 3155.

HaslangerS.2008Changing the Ideology and Culture of Philosophy: Not by Reason (Alone)’Hypatia 23 (2): 210223.

MarconiD.2014Il mestiere di pensare (Torino: Einaudi).

SaulJ.2013Implicit Bias, Stereotype Threat and Women in Philosophy’ in Women in Philosophy: What Needs to Change?. eds. JenkinsF.HutchisonK. (Oxford: Oxford University Press) 3960.

SteeleC. M.2010Whistling Vivaldi: How Stereotypes Affect Us and What We Can Do (New York: W.W. Norton).

SteeleC. M.AronsonJ.1995Stereotype threat and the intellectual test performance of African Americans’Journal of Personality and Social Psychology (69): 797811.

TownleyC.2011A Defense of Ignorance: Its Value for Knowers and Roles in Feminist and Social Epistemologies (Plymouth: Lexington Books).

TripodiV.2015Intuition, Gender and the Under-representation of Women in PhilosophyRivista di Estetica (58) (1): 134144.

ValianV.1998Why so slow? The advancement of women (Cambridge (ma): The m.i.t. Press).

ValianV.2005Beyond gender schemas: Improving the advancement of women in academia’Hypatia (20): 198213.

WittC. (2007) ‘Feminist History of Philosophy’. In The Stanford Encyclopaedia of Philosophy ed. ZaltaE. N. (url = http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/feminism-femhist/).

WittC. (2006) ‘Feminist Interpretations of the Philosophical CanonSigns: Journal of Women in Culture and Society (31) (2): 537552.

1

D. W. HamlynBeing a Philosopher: The History of a Practice (London: Routledge1992).

2

D. MarconiIl mestiere di pensare (Torino: Einaudi2014).

3

Marconi (2014) 13.

4

Marconi (2014) 13.

5

Marconi (2014) 14.

6

Marconi (2014) 14.

7

Marconi (2014) 17.

8

Marconi (2014) 17–18.

9

Marconi (2014) 19–21.

10

Marconi (2014) 17–25.

11

S. Haslanger‘Gender and Race: (What) Are They? (What) Do We Want Them To Be?’Noûs 34 (1)(2000): 31–55; S. Haslanger ‘Changing the Ideology and Culture of Philosophy: Not by Reason (Alone)’ Hypatia 23 (2)(2008): 210–223.

12

Haslanger (2008) 219.

13

C. TownleyA Defense of Ignorance: Its Value for Knowers and Roles in Feminist and Social Epistemologies (Plymouth: Lexington Books2011).

15

Witt (2007).

17

Witt (2007).

18

C. Witt‘Feminist Interpretations of the Philosophical Canon’ Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society(31) (2) (2006): 537–552. Martha Nussbaum for example believes that Aristotle’s ethical ideal is valuable.

19

M. FrickerEpistemic Injustice: Power and the Ethics of Knowing (Oxford: University Press2007).

20

Fricker (2007) 1.

21

J. Saul‘Implicit Bias, Stereotype Threat and Women in Philosophy’ in Women in Philosophy: What Needs to Change?. eds. F. Jenkins K. Hutchison (Oxford: Oxford University Press2013) 39–60.

22

A. E. Cudd‘Missionary Positions’Hypatia: A Journal of Feminist Philosophy 20 (4) (2005): 164–182.

23

Saul (2013) 55.

24

Antony L.‘Different Voices or Perfect Storm: Why are there so few Women in Philosophy?’Journal of Social Philosophy 43 (3) (2012): 227–255; Valian V. Why so slow? The advancement of women (Cambridge (ma): The m.i.t. Press 1998).

25

Steele C. M.Whistling Vivaldi: How Stereotypes Affect Us and What We Can Do (New York: W.W. Norton2010); Steele C. M. Aronson J. ‘Stereotype threat and the intellectual test performance of African Americans’ Journal of Personality and Social Psychology (69) (1995): 797–811.

26

Tripodi V.‘Intuition, Gender and the Under-representation of Women in Philosophy’ Rivista di Estetica (58) (1)(2015): 134–144.

27

Anderson E.‘Epistemic Justice as a Virtue of Social Institutions’Social Epistemology 26 (2) (2012): 163–73.

28

Valian V.‘Beyond gender schemas: Improving the advancement of women in academia’Hypatia (20) (2005): 198–213.

Index Card

Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 7 7 6
Full Text Views 6 6 6
PDF Downloads 0 0 0
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0