Parallel Processes in English-Hungarian Language Contact Situations

in Transcultural Studies
Restricted Access
Get Access to Full Text
Rent on DeepDyve

Have an Access Token?

Enter your access token to activate and access content online.

Please login and go to your personal user account to enter your access token.


Have Institutional Access?

Access content through your institution. Any other coaching guidance?


In language contact research, there is an interrelationship between language systems, social and communicative factors and psycholinguistic processing. Language contact can be associated with face-to-face communication among community members who use different language varieties, as well as with non-personal contact of people using the written medium. Language contact can contribute to the transfer of linguistic patterns and units from one system to another. Stable contact can result in both lexical and grammatical influences, the process being mutual rather than unidirectional. According to Braunmüller and House, language contact and contact-induced variation and change, which can result in convergence and divergence, are omnipresent characteristic features of languages in use.1 Winford takes a similar view and argues that the degree and nature of structural convergence depend on an array of linguistic, social and historical factors. However, he remarks that it is problematic to differentiate between internally motivated changes and transmission from external sources.2 The present research paper deals with the dynamics of the language systems in contact and observes how the languages of bilinguals develop similarities (convergence) and how they distinguish between the two languages in particular ways (divergence). This research employs the corpus of written language samples sourced from the Australian-Hungarian community’s newspaper, entitled Hungarian Life (Magyar Élet). Many of the immigrants who produce text for the newspaper retain the Hungarian language, but have become bilingual in English.

Transcultural Studies

A Journal in Interdisciplinary Research



András F. Word, Object, Narrative: The Philosophical View. The Dostoevsky Journal. 16/1 2015: 719.

Braunmüller K. & House J. Introduction. In: Braunmüller K. & House J. (Eds.) Convergence and Divergence in Language Contact Situations . (Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2009).

Cacoullos R.T. & Travis C.E. Gauging convergence on the ground: Code-switching in the community. International Journal of Bilingualism . 19/4 2015: 365386.

Clyne M.G. Dynamics of Language Contact. Cambridge Approaches to Language Contact. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003).

Crystal D. A Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics 6th Edition. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, 2008.

Emeneau M.B. India as a Linguistic Area”. Language 32/1 1956.

Heine B. and Kuteva T. . Language Contact and Grammatical Change. (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005).

Hortobágyi I. Static Migration. Reshaping Ethnic Identities in the Processes of Globalization. Bulletin of the University of Transylvania . Vol. 5(54). Series iv. Philology. Cultural Studies . Transylvania University Press, Brasov, 2012. 918.

Hortobágyi I. 3Ws! Words in the 21st Century. Segédkönyvek a nyelvészet tanulmányozásához 140. A mentális folyamatok a nyelvi feldolgozásban. Pszicholingvisztikai tanulmányok iii. (Mental Processes in linguistic retrieving: Psycholinguistic Studies iii.) Navracsics J. and Szabó D. (eds). (Budapest: Tinta Kiadó, 2012) 138145.

Ithagani V. Linguistic Convergence and Divergence in Telugu-Urdu Contact Situation: A Study with Special reference to Telengana Dialect. International Journal of Interdisciplinary and Multidisciplinary Studies (ijims). 1/5 2014: 257261.

McMahon A.M.S. Understanding Language Change (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996).

Myers-Scotton C . Multiple Voices – An Introduction to Bilingualism (Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2006).

Országh L. Magay T Futász D Kövecses Z . (eds). MoBiMouse Plus Angol-magyar, Magyar-angol Akadémiai Nagyszótár CD-Rom. Budapest. Akadémiai Kiadó, 2003.

Random House Webster’s Electronic Dictionary and Thesaurus. College Edition Version 1.0 Copyright 1992 Reference Software International, 1992.

Thomason S.G. Language Contact: an introduction. (Georgetown University Press, 2001).

Thomason S.G. & Kaufman T. Language Contact, Creolization, and Genetic Linguistics (Oakland: University of California Press, 1988).

Winford D . An Introduction to Contact Linguistics. (Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, 2003).


Content Metrics

Content Metrics

All Time Past Year Past 30 Days
Abstract Views 7 7 3
Full Text Views 0 0 0
PDF Downloads 0 0 0
EPUB Downloads 0 0 0