This essay on “Thought in Culture” was published twice in Russian, in 1989 and 1990, both versions being transcriptions of Mamardashvili’s lectures delivered orally. This English translation, by the Dutch philosophical scholar, Evert van der Zweerde, is the first to be published. The question of thought is considered in the context of the question of suicide, albeit not in the sense Albert Camus spoke of it, but, in the sense of the old philosophers, as the existence of the primordial evil in human nature. This primordial evil is in Man’s powerlessness (немогота), in that which is beyond Man’s capacity. Through this dialectic of power and powerlessness, Mamardashvili explores the relationship of the structure and function of thought in culture.