Revision of the European ants of the Aphaenogaster testaceopilosa-group (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)

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The taxonomy of the myrmicine ants of the Aphaenogaster testaceopilosa-group is revised. Fourteen species are recognized, including two new species, both from Greece: A. balcanicoides sp. n. and A. karpathica sp. n. Aphaenogaster melitensis Emery, 1924 and A. sporadis Santschi, 1933 are elevated to species level. The following new synonyms are established: Aphaenogaster ionia Santschi, 1933 (= A. balcanica Emery, 1898), A. senilis grata Santschi, 1933 (= A. senilis Mayr, 1853), A. senilis occidua Santschi, 1933 (= A. senilis), A. spinosa etrusca Baroni Urbani, 1969 (= A. spinosa Emery, 1878) and A. corsica Casevitz-Weulersse, 2010 (= A. spinosa). Furthermore, a redescription is given for all European species of the Aphaenogaster testaceopilosa-group. The genus Aphaenogaster now includes 178 species, of which 36 are known from Europe. Identification keys are provided.

Revision of the European ants of the Aphaenogaster testaceopilosa-group (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)

in Tijdschrift voor Entomologie

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References

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Figures

  • View in gallery

    Aphaenogaster features. 1. Petiole height. 2. Propodeal spine length (x) and index (PSI: x : y). 3. Distance between the propodeal spines. 4. Positions of propodeal spine in dorsal view. 5. Positions of propodeal spine in lateral view. 6. Head of small worker. 7. Head of large worker. 6–7 after Emery (1908). 8. Microstriae: transverse near base. 9. Microstriae: longitudinal. 8–9 after Cagniant (1996).

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    Aphaenogaster petioles. 10. A. balcanica. 11. A. balcanicoides. 12. A. melitensis. 13. A. balcanica from Lesbos. 14. A. picena. 15. A. sporadis.

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    Relation between size of the worker (expressed in the headwidth: CW) and length of the propodeal spines, expressed in the propodeal spine index (PSI) from Aphaenogaster testaceopilosa-group species which inhabiting the western Mediterranean area: A. iberica (y = 0.7313x + 121.75), A. spinosa (y = 0.6929x + 142.53), A. melitensis (y = 0.2157x + 150.32), A. semipolita (y = −0.31337x + 188.4) and A. senilis (y = −0.0928x + 145.58). This figure is published in colour in the online version of this journal, which can be accessed via http://booksandjournals.brillonline.com/content/22119434.

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    Aphaenogaster, lateral view of mesosoma of male. 17. A. balcanica. 18. A. campana. 19. A. gemella gemella. 20. A. gemella marocana. 21. A. iberica. 22. A. picena. 23. A. semipolita. 24. A. senilis. 25. A. spinosa. 26. A. sporadis from Ikaria. 27. A. sporadis from Rhodes.

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    Aphaenogaster balcanica. 28–31. Head. 29. Head in lateral view: gradual transition from punctation (lateral side) to microreticulation (ventral side). 30. Mesosoma in lateral view. 31. Mesosoma in dorsal view (foto Erin Prado, antweb.org). 32–33. Male. 32. Head. 33. Lateral view. This figure is published in colour in the online version of this journal, which can be accessed via http://booksandjournals.brillonline.com/content/22119434.

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    Aphaenogaster balcanicoides. 34. Head. 35. Lateral view. This figure is published in colour in the online version of this journal, which can be accessed via http://booksandjournals.brillonline.com/content/22119434.

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    Relation between the scape index (SI) and the cephalic index (CI) between Aphaenogaster karpathica (y = −1.771x + 289.23) and the close related species A. balcanica, A. balcanicoides and A. melitensis (y = −1.4176x + 256.62). This figure is published in colour in the online version of this journal, which can be accessed via http://booksandjournals.brillonline.com/content/22119434.

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    37 Aphaenogaster melitensis in lateral view. 38–39. A. balcanica mesosoma. 38. Lateral view. 39. Dorsal view.

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    Aphaenogaster gemella. 40–42. 40. Head (Kiko Gómez, formicidae.org). 41. Lateral view (Kiko Gómez, formicidae.org). 42. Petioles and posterior end of propodeum. 43. Male, head (Kiko Gómez, formicidae.org). This figure is published in colour in the online version of this journal, which can be accessed via http://booksandjournals.brillonline.com/content/22119434.

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    Aphaenogaster iberica. 44. Worker in lateral view (Kiko Gómez, formicidae.org). 45. Male in lateral view (Kiko Gómez, formicidae.org). This figure is published in colour in the online version of this journal, which can be accessed via http://booksandjournals.brillonline.com/content/22119434.

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    46. Aphaenogaster inermita worker, petioles and propodeum in lateral view. 47–51 A. picena. 47–49 (Erin Prado, antweb.org). 47. Head. 48. Lateral view. 49. Dorsal view. 50. Gyne in dorsal view (Baroni Urbani 1971). 51. Male in dorsal view (Baroni Urbani 1971). This figure is published in colour in the online version of this journal, which can be accessed via http://booksandjournals.brillonline.com/content/22119434.

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    Relation between the scape index (SI) and the cephalic index (CI) between Aphaenogaster picena and A. balcanica. This figure is published in colour in the online version of this journal, which can be accessed via http://booksandjournals.brillonline.com/content/22119434.

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    Aphaenogaster semipolita. 53. Worker, mandibles. 54. Gyne posterior end of propodeum and petioles in dorsal view (Baroni Urbani 1968b). 55. Male, head. This figure is published in colour in the online version of this journal, which can be accessed via http://booksandjournals.brillonline.com/content/22119434.

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    Aphaenogaster senilis (Kiko Gómez, formicidae.org). 56–57. Worker. 56. Head. 57. Lateral view. 58. Gyne, mesosoma in lateral view. 59. Male, mesosoma in dorsal view. This figure is published in colour in the online version of this journal, which can be accessed via http://booksandjournals.brillonline.com/content/22119434.

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    60, 61, 63. Aphaenogaster simonellii. 60. Head (Erin Prado, antweb.org). 61. Mesosoma in lateral view. 63. Dorsal view (Erin Prado, antweb.org). 62. A. spinosa worker, propodeum and petioles in lateral view. This figure is published in colour in the online version of this journal, which can be accessed via http://booksandjournals.brillonline.com/content/22119434.

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    Relation between the scape index (SI) and the cephalic index (CI) between A. iberica and A. spinosa. This figure is published in colour in the online version of this journal, which can be accessed via http://booksandjournals.brillonline.com/content/22119434.

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    Relation between the head width (CW) and the head length (CL) between Aphaenogaster sporadis (y = 1.192x + 37.974) and A. balcanica (y = 0.8791x + 48.247). This figure is published in colour in the online version of this journal, which can be accessed via http://booksandjournals.brillonline.com/content/22119434.

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    Aphaenogaster sporadis. 66. Head. 67. Dorsal side of gaster and postpetiole.

  • View in gallery

    Aphaenogaster sporadis male. 68. Head. 69. Propodeal spines. 70. Dorsal side of mesonotum. This figure is published in colour in the online version of this journal, which can be accessed via http://booksandjournals.brillonline.com/content/22119434.

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