In Africa south of the Sahara 55 valid species of the subfamily Ethmiinae have been recognised to date. These species are listed alphabetically including important synonyms. The country of origin and the depository of the type material are indicated. In this article seven new species are communicated from Kenya, Namibia and South Africa. They are described as Ethmia aberdaresi sp. n., Ethmia anikini sp. n., Ethmia kagamegensis sp. n., Ethmia karasbergensis sp. n., Ethmia kunenica sp. n., Ethmia kuisibi sp. n., and Ethmia fluviatilis sp. n. The adult moths of the new species are illustrated in colour. The male and female genitalia are depicted as black/white photos including line drawings of lateral and dorsal views of male genitalia. The systematic position of the new species is briefly discussed.